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Histories of ships of the Brazilian Navy.  The Brazilian Navy  after its independence form Portugal was small. In 1860 the fleet consisted on  7 screw sloops and 8 paddle steamers and a sailing fleet of 6 frigates and corvettes and 14 smaller vessels.  During the war against Paraguay between 1865 and 1870 a number of ironclads (were purchased from Britain and France (Brasil, Tamandare Lima Barros, Bahia, Silvado, Mariz E Barros, Herval, Cabral, Colombo, ). After the rebellion of 1893 very little naval building was done until  the 1905 naval  programme.

Coastal Defence battleships

Barrozo      1864 scrapped 1885
Brasil Le Seyne 1864 Scrapped 1905
Tamandare     1865 Scrapped 1885
Rio de Janeiro     Sunk after hitting mine 2nd September 1866 during the war with Paraguay
Lima Barros Laird 21st December 1865 Scrapped 1905
Bahia Laird 6th October 1865 Scrapped 1895
Silvado Arman Launched 1866 Scrapped 1895

 MARIZ E BARROS CLASS COAST DEFENCE BATTLESHIPS 

Like many of the above ships these were ordered by Paraguay but sold to Brazil 

Mariz E Barros   Rennie  1866 scrapped 1890 / 1892
Herval Rennie 1866 Scrapped 1985  /1887

 CABRAL CLASS COASTAL DEFENCE BATTLESHIPS 

Cabral  Rennie  1866  Scrapped 1985  /1887
Colombo Rennie 1866 Scrapped 1985  /1887

 SETE DE SETEMBRO CLASS COASTAL DEFENCE BATTLESHIPS

Sete de Setembro Rio De Janeiro 1874 Scrapped 1895
 JAVARY CLASS COASTAL DEFENCE BATTELSHIP
Javary Le Havre 1874 Sunk 22nd November 1893
Solimoes  le Seyne 1874 Scrapped during the 1890's
 
Riachuelo Samuda 7th June 1883 Scrapped 1910
Aquidaban Samuda 17th January 1885 Sunk 22nd January 1906
MARSHAL DEODORO CLASS COASTAL DEFENCE BATTLESHIPS
Marshal Deodoro Le Seyne 18th June 1898 sold in 1924 to
Marshal Floriano Le Seyne 6th July 1899 Scrapped 1936

                    

The Launch of the Coast Defence Battleship "Marshal Deodoro" at the French dockyard La Seyne on 18th June 1898

MINAS GERAIS CLASS  BATTLESHIPS
Minas Gerais Armstrons at Elswick 17th April 1907 Sold in 1953
Sao Paulo Vickers at barrow 19th April 1909 Sold 1951

  Brazilian battleship Minas Geraes, launched in September 1908 and sold in 1953. 

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  © Walker Archive. Order Code PAN037

Brazilian Cruisers

Almirante Barrozo Rio de Janeiro 1882 Foundered during the round the world voyage with cadet in the Gulf of suez
Almirante Tamandare Rio de Janeiro 20th march 1890 Scrapped early 1920's
Benjamin Constant La Seyne 1892 classified as a training ship but had the armament and size of  a cruiser

Benjamin-Constant a training ship.

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  © Walker Archive. Order Code PAN038

Benjamin-Constant a training ship

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  © Walker Archive. Order Code PAN039

 

Republica Armstrong 26th May 1892 during 1898 refitted as minelayer Quinze de Novembro  Scrapped early 1920's
 

Brazilian protected cruiser Republica, shown  after refitting as minelayer Quinze de Novembro c.1898

Almirante Barrozo Armstrong 25th august 1896 Scrapped 1948
 BAHIA CLASS CRUISERS.
Bahia Armstrong, Elswick 20th April 1909 Exploded and Sank 4th July 1945  midway between Brazil and Africa with the loss of 294 Crew
Rio Grande do Sul Armstron Elswick 20th January 1909 Stricken 1948
  
Barroso  (C11) (ex USS Philadelphia) Philadelphia N yard Purchased January 1951 Sold and Scrapped 1974
  
Tamandare  (C12) (ex USS St Louis) Newport News Purchased 29th  January 1951 Sold and Scrapped 1973 / 1974

Brazilian Aircraft Carriers

Minas Gerais  (ex HMS vengeance) Swan Hunter Purchased 14th December 1956 purchased for $9 million. still in Service 1997

Brazilian Aircraft Carrier Minas Gerais.  

Ex-British Colossus Class aircraft carrier Minas Gerais. (ex Vengeance) Acquired in 1956 and still in service

Brazilian  wooden Corvettes and Sloops

Nichtheroy  (Wooden Corvette) Rio de Janeiro Dockyd 1862 Scrapped 1899 / 1901
Vital De Oliveira  (Wooden Corvette) Rio de Janeiro Dockyd 1867 Scrapped 1885 / 1888
Trajano    (Wooden Sloop) Rio de Janeiro Dockyd reconstructed as cruiser Tonelero
Guanabara  (Wooden Corvette) Rio de Janeiro Dockyd 1877 Scrapped 1905
Parnahyba  (Wooden Sloop) Rio de Janeiro Dockyd  1878 re classified as a 2nd rate cruiser
Primeiro De Marco   (Wooden Sloop) Rio de Janeiro Dockyd  1881 re classified as a 2nd rate cruiser

Brazilian  Destroyers

PARA CLASS DESTROYERS
Para  Yarrow shipbuilders 11 July 1909 Scrapped 1933
Alagoas Yarrow shipbuilders 27th July 1909 Scrapped 1939
Amazonas Yarrow shipbuilders 21st Nov  1908 Scrapped 1931
Mato Grosso Yarrow shipbuilders 23rd Jan 1909 Scrapped 1945
Paraiba Yarrow shipbuilders  18th May 1909 Scrapped 1944
Paiui  Yarrow shipbuilders 7th Sept  1908 Scrapped 1944
Rio Grande Do Norte Yarrow shipbuilders April 1909 Scrapped 1944
Santa Catherina Yarrow shipbuilders 26th Oct  1909 Scrapped 1944
Sergipe Yarrow shipbuilders 25th May 1910 Scrapped 1944
Parana Yarrow shipbuilders 27th march 1910 Scrapped 20th October 1933
 
Maranhao Yarrow shipbuilders  18th May 1909  Was given to Brazil in 1920 .Scrapped 1944
MARCILIO DIAS 
Greenhalgh    8th July 1941 Scrapped 1966
Marcilio Dias   20th July 1940 Scrapped 1966
Mariz E Barros   28th Dec. 1940 Scrapped 1972
 ACRE CLASS DESTROYERS
Acre    30th May 1945 Scrapped 1974
Ajuricaba    30th May 1945 Scrapped 1964
Amazonas   29th Nov. 1943 Scrapped 1973
Apa   30th may 1945 Scrapped 1964
Araguary   14th July 1946 Scrapped 1974
Araguaya   2 Scrapped 1974
 EX US FLETCHER CLASS DESTROYERS  (dates given when purchased from US)
Maranhao (D33) (ex USS Shields)  Puget Sound N YD  1st July 1972 Scrapped 1990
Para (D27) (ex USS Guest)   Boston Navy yard 5th June 1959 Scrapped 1978
Paraiba (D28) (ex USS Bennett)   Boston Navy yard 15th Dec. 1959 Scrapped 1978
Parana (D29)  (ex USS Franks)  Bethlehem Staten I 20th July 1961 Scrapped 1982
Pernambuco (D30) (ex USS Knapp)  Seattle Tacoma 20th July 1961 Scrapped 1982
Piaui (D31) (ex USS Lewis Hancock)  Federal, Kearny 2nd August 1967 Scrapped 1989
Santa Catarina (D32) (ex USS Irwin)  Bethlehem San Pedro 10th May 1968 Scrapped 1978
 EX US ALLEN M SUMNER  CLASS DESTROYERS  (dates given when purchased from US)
Mato Grosso (D34) (ex  Compton)  Federal, Kearny  1st July 1972 Scrapped 1990
Sergipe (D35) (ex James C Owens)   Bethlehem San Pedro 16th July 1973 Still Operating ( 1998)

BNS Sergipe.  Closing to Fuel from RFA Green Rover, South Atlantic, April 1977.

BNS Sergipe.  (ex - James C Owens)  Acquired 16th July 1973.

Photographed by George Mortimore L.R.P.S  Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  GM132

Alagaos (D36) (ex USS Buck) Bethlehem San Pedro 16th July 1973 Still Operating ( 1998)
Rio Grande Do Norte (D37)(ex USS Strong  Bethlehem San Pedro 29th October 1973 Still Operating ( 1998)

BNS Rio Grande Do Norte.  closing to fuel from RFA Green Rover.  South Atlantic, April 1977.

BNS Rio Grande Do Norte.  (ex - Strong)  Acquired 29th October 1973.

Photographed by George Mortimore L.R.P.S  Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  GM137

Espirito Santo (D38) (ex USS Lowry)  Bethlehem San Pedro 29th October 1973 Still Operating ( 1998)

 EX US GEARING  CLASS DESTROYERS  (dates given when purchased from US)

Marcilio Diaz  (D25) (ex USS Henry W Tucker )  Consolidated Orange 3rd December 1973 Still in Service
Mariz E Barros (D26) (ex USS Brinkley Bass )  Consolidated Orange 3rd December 1973 Still in

Brazilian  Frigates

 
Constituicao   (F42)  Vosper Thornycroft  15th April 1974 Still In S
Defensora  (F41)   Vosper Thornycroft 27th March 1975 Still In S
Independencia  (F44)  Arsenal de Marinho 2nd Sep  1974 Still In S
Liberal   (F43)  Vosper Thornycroft 7th Feb.  1977 Still In S
Niteroi   (F40)  Vosper Thornycroft 8th Feb 1974 Still In S
Uniao  (F45)   Arsenal de Marinho 14th March 1975 Still In S
 EX US GARCIA CLASS FRIGATES
Para (D27) (ex USS Albert David)  Lockheed SB 19th Dec 1964 Recommissioned into the Brazilian navy 28th September 1989
Paraiba (D28) (ex USS Davidson)  Avondale 2nd October 1964 Recommissioned into the Brazilian navy 25th July 1989
Parana (D29) (ex USS Sample)  Lockheed SB 28th April 1964 Recommissioned into the Brazilian navy 24th August 1989
Pernambuco (D30) (ex USS Bradley)  Bethlehem San Francisco 26th march 1964 Recommissioned into the Brazilian navy 25th September 1989
INHAUMA CLASS FRIGATES
Inhauma  (V30)  Arsenal de Marinha, Rio De Janeiro 13th December 1986 Still In Service
Jaceguay   (V31)   Arsenal de Marinha, Rio De Janeiro 8th June 1991 Still In Service
Julio De Noronha  (V32)   Arsenal de Marinha, Rio De Janeiro 7th October 1992 Still In Service
Frontin   (V33)   Arsenal de Marinha, Rio De Janeiro 6th February 1992 Still In Service
 

Sail Training Vessel NE Cisne Branco at the Trafalgar 200 Fleet Review, June 2005.

Photographed by Ivan Berryman. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  IB2079

Sail Training Vessel Cisne Branco, at the Trafalgar 200 Fleet Review, June 2005.

Photographed by Ivan Berryman. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  IB2076

NE Cisne Branco at Trafalgar 200, June 2005.

Photographed by Ivan Berryman. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  IB2077

 

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AVIATION PRINTS

Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

DHM925P.  Harrier in a Hyde by Geoff Lea.

Harrier in a Hyde by Geoff Lea (P)
Half Price! - £1300.00
 Paratroopers of the 1st Battalion sort their kit out and get ready to enplane the waiting American Dakota C-47s of the 14 and 59 Squadrons/61st Troop Carrier Group.  The paratroops took off simultaneously from Saltby and Barkston, commencing at 1121.  All planes were in the air by 1155.  A relatively uneventful trip over the northern route to the Netherlands resulted in not a plane being shot down; only five were slightly damaged.  The 1st Battalion were dropped at 1403, 2nd Battalion at 1353 and the 3rd Battalion at 1356, all at DZ-X, west of Wolfhezen some eight miles west of Arnhem.  The Battalion orders were for three different routes to the Arnhem Bridge.  1st Battalion took the Leopard route, 2nd Battalion Tiger route and the 3rd Battalion Lion route.  Only the 2nd Battalion, commanded by Lt colonel John Frost managed to fight their way to the bridge.

Market Garden. Arnhem by Graeme Lothian. (P)
Half Price! - £1800.00
 Focke-Wulf FW.190A-5/U8 of 1 Gruppe, Schnellkampfgeschwader 10 in 1943. All national markings were painted out, except for the call sign C on the fuselage and repeated, crudely sprayed, on the engine cowling.

Focke-Wulf Fw190A-5/U8 by Ivan Berryman.
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 A BAE Viscount on final approach to Birmingham Airport, c.1962.

Elmdon Evening by Mark Postlethwaite. (AP)
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 Routine, though essential, maintenance is carried out on a 501 Sqn Hurricane at the height of the Battle of Britain during the Summer of 1940. † Hurricane P3059 <i>SD-N</i> in the background is the aircraft of Group Captain Byron Duckenfield.

Ground Force by Ivan Berryman. (C)
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 RAF Mosquitos attack a German supply train.

Mosquito Bite by Geoff Lea. (P)
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 Landing and taking off from the hillsides, rather than established airfields, this was extremely dangerous work which involved the pilot following the terrain and contours of the land that was being dressed in order to ensure an even distribution of the chemical.  Australian-born Jim McMahon, served during World War II on B.25 Mitchell bombers before pioneering crop dusting and topdressing in New Zealand with ex-military De Havilland Tiger Moths which he converted himself for the purpose.  He went on to form a company called Crop Culture, which specialised in aerial spraying equipment, both in New Zealand and in the UK, before becoming a partner in the newly-formed Britten-Norman aircraft company which produced the Islander and Trislander utility transport aircraft in England.
Top Dressing in New Zealand (1)†by Ivan Berryman. (P)
Half Price! - £900.00
 Phantom II of US Marine Corps, VMFA-531 (Grey Ghosts) Vietnam, Danang April 1965.

Phantom II by David Pentland.
Half Price! - £35.00

 

NAVAL PRINTS

Click above to see all of our naval art index - Eight random half price naval items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Naval Art Offers

 On 20th October 1943, Wildcat and Avenger aircraft from the Carrier US Core, on patrol north of the Azores, surprised U378, a type VIIC U-boat which had been active in that area. The element of surprise was so complete that the submarines guns remained unmanned throughout the action.
The Element of Surprise by Robert Barbour.
Half Price! - £35.00
Midday, 21st October 1805, and Admiral Collingwoods flagship, the 100-gun HMS Royal Sovereign, breaks the allied line and delivers a shattering broadside on the Spanish flagship Santa Anna. Making great speed, Collingwoods ship had breached the Franco-Spanish line some distance ahead of the rest of his van and the Royal Sovereign suffered heavily as she quickly drew the attentions of three French and three Spanish ships. To her starboard, the French Indomitable can be seen firing into the British flagship while, astern of the Santa Anna, Belleisle and Fougueux are engaging ahead of Mars, Monarca and Pluton.

HMS Royal Sovereign at the Battle of Trafalgar by Ivan Berryman.
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The Pedestal Convoy of August 1942 was one of the most heavily protected convoys in the history of sea warfare.  Fourteen of the fastest cargo ships of the time were protected by 4 carriers, 2 battleships, 7 cruisers and 32 destroyers.  The destroyer HMS Ashanti is in the foreground of the painting.  Also depicted are the carrier HMS Indomitable, with her Hurricanes cirling the convoy overhead, and the cargoe ship Port Chalmers to the right of the picture.

Pedestal Convoy by Anthony Saunders (B)
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 The Last of the heavy Cruisers built by Germany (5 in total) The picture shows Admiral Hipper making her first sortie on the 18th February 1940, accompanied by the Scharnhorst and the Gneisenau on Operation Nordmark. (Search for allied convoys on the route between Britain and Norway)

The Narvik Squadron by Anthony Saunders. (Y)
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 HMS Ajax was built as a light cruiser at Barrow and launched in 1935. She saw service initially in the American and West Indies theatre before temporary commission in the Mediterranean. Then followed her never to be forgotten role in the Battle of the River Plate ending in the scuttling of the Graf Spey. She is seen here entering Portsmouth Harbour with the Isle of White in the background.

HMS Ajax by Ivan Berryman.
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 Key ships of the British task force sail in close formation in the Mediterranean sea during the build up to the coalition invasion of Iraq in march 2003, nearest is the flagship HMS Ark Royal with the commando carrier HMS ocean to her port side. other ships include a Type 42 destroyer , the Fleet Auxiliary Fort Victoria and an LSL††

NTG03 - Task Force to Iraq by Ivan Berryman.
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The pride of the Royal Navy, HMS Hood, passes Gibraltar on her way to join HMS Prince of Wales at Scapa Flow and onto her short and tragic engagement with the German battleship Bismarck.

HMS Hood Passing Gibraltar by Brian Wood (B)
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 The Type 22 Broadsword Class frigate HMS Cumberland (F85) enters Grand Harbour, Malta, during the evacuation of Libyan refugees in the Spring of 2011, during which time she rescued 454 people from the uprising as well as enforcing an arms embargo before returning to her home port of Plymouth in readiness for decommissioning in June 2011.

HMS Cumberland by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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MILITARY PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Military Art Offers

The campaign of Leipzig forced Napoleon to retire to the west of the Rhine, in the course of which he defeated a force of Germans at Hanau near Frankfurt on 30th October 1813.

The Battle of Hanau by Horace Vernet (B)
Half Price! - £25.00
DHM638. The Prussian Pursuit of the French at the Battle of Hanau by Richard Knote

The Prussian Pursuit of the French at the Battle of Hanau by Richard Knotel.
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 Depicting sergeant Ewart dispatching a French cavalryman on his way back with the Eagle and Standard captured from the French 45th Regiment of Foot.

Fight for the Standard by Richard Ansdell. (Y)
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DHM598P.  Ensign of the 17th regiment of Foot, American War of Independence 1779. by Jim Lancia.

Ensign of the 17th regiment of Foot, American War of Independence 1779. by Jim Lancia (P)
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DHM115B.  Storming of the Ratisbon by Charles Thevenin.
Storming of the Ratisbon by Charles Thevenin (B)
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DHM357P.  Brule Sioux Warrior by Alan Herriot.

Brule Sioux Warrior by Alan Herriot (P)
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 Napoleon is shown taking leave of the Imperial Guard outside the Palace of Fontainbleau. With a dramatic final gesture, I cannot embrace you all but I shall embrace your General, and after General Petit, he kissed the eagle of the 1st Grenadiers whose bearer, Lieut Fortin covers his face. The officers at the right are representative of the Allied armies and are considerably less affected by the scene than the Frenchman.

Les Adieux de Fontainebleau by Horace Vernet (Y)
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 Panzer IVF2 tanks of 6th Panzer Division, Panzer Armee Hoth, attempt to fight their way through to the beleaguered Sixth Army at Stalingrad, 12th December 1942.  On the 21st the operation was abandoned when the expected breakout from Stalingrad failed to materialise, the relief column was only 25 miles from the city.

Operation Winter Tempest by David Pentland. (GS)
Half Price! - £250.00

 

SPORT PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Sport Art Offers

 Following the success of several French imports to Highbury, Arsene Wenger again turned to his home country in search of another midfield maestro.  Robert Pires was duly signed from Marseille in July 2000 in a £6 million deal.  Robert Pires has adjusted quickly to the English game.  Pires and his love affair with English football comes from the intensity of the game teamed with the passion from the Highbury fans.  On describing the fans' reaction when he scores, he said, <i>It's an unbelievablesensation to be standing on the pitch when the whole crowd erupts.</i>  For a man who played in a European championship final, and who won the World Cup, these words must sound sweet to the Highbury faithful.  Robert Pires received the recognition his talent deserved on winning the Football Writer's Player of the Year Award in the 2001/02 season.

Robert Pires by Gary Brandham.
Half Price! - £50.00
B43. Damon Hill/ Williams Renault FW.18 by Ivan Berryman

Damon Hill/ Williams Renault FW.18 by Ivan Berryman
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 Twickenham, March 16th 1996.  England return to the running game to clinch victory in style over Ireland and retain the Five Nations Championship.

In Full Flight by Keith Fearon.
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 Neil Hodgson celebrates winning the World Superbike Championship at Assen, September 2003.
No.1 by Dave Foord. (Y)
Half Price! - £110.00

 Marcus Gronholm.  Peugeot 206 WRC.
Reflections of a Champion by Michael Thompson.
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DH007. Steady Johnnie Steady by Erskine Nicol.
Steady Johnnie Steady by Erskine Nicol.
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SPC5003. Rory Underwood by Rodger Towers.

Rory Underwood by Rodger Towers.
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In the final moments of extra time of the game, the England number 10, Jonny Wilkinson slotted a perfect drop goal which clinched victory over Australia, winning 20 points to 17.†

Rugby World Cup Final 2003 by David Pentland.
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