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History of the Ship of the Line of the Royal Navy from the galleons of 1650 to the First Rate 120 gun Ship of the Line of 1845, including Caledonia Class, Queen Charlotte, Trafalgar, Victory, Leviathan, Royal Sovereign,  Vengeur and Black Prince Class.

Vanguard Class ] HMS Victory ] HMS Revenge ] HMS St Vincent ] Duke of Wellington ] HMS Victoria ] HMS Centurion ] HMS London ] HMS Volage ] HMS Royal Sovereign ] Battle of the Nile ] Battle of Trafalgar ] HMS Impregnable ] HMS Lion ] Battle of Cape St Vincent ] HMS Defence ]

This page is under construction.

HMS Fawn  The first “FAWN” was the French 16-gun vessel “FAUNNE.”  She was taken in August 15th, 1805, to the westward of Rochefort by the “Goliath” and “Camilla.” 

HMS Fawn  The second “FAWN” was a 26-gun ship sloop, launched at Topsham in 1807.  She was of 424 tons, and carried a crew of 121 men.  Her length, beam, and draught were 108 ft., 30 ft., and 11 ft.           On May 28th, 1808, the “Fawn”, commanded by Commander the Hon. George A Crofton, sent her boats under two batteries at the north-east end of Puerto Rico, and they captured a Spanish privateer schooner and three merchant vessels.  The schooner subsequently blew up and the “Fawn’s” carpenter was killed and several badly burned.  On July 17th, 1808

HMS Calypso, launched 1879. 

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  © Walker Archive. Order Code PHX245

 

HMS Captain photographed  sent in by Ray Norman

The President was an old ship of the line which became a royal naval reserve drill ship c.1900. She is seen here without all her rigging.

Crew from the training ship HMS President. ©Tony Davies

ORIGINAL POSTCARD FOR SALE.  DONATED TOWARDS THE UPKEEP OF THIS SITE.

HMS Conway.

Photo taken in the Menai Strait mid-April 1953.  On 14th April 1953 HMS Conway was under tow from her normal mooring to Birkenhead up the Menai Strait/ the Swellies between the Welsh mainland and Anglesey.  Close to a place called the Platters on the Caernarfon side of the strait she ran aground due to strong currents and could not be refloated.  She caught fire 30th October 1956 during dismantling and burnt to the waterline.

  Original 1950s Postcard.  Published North Wales  Price £15.  Click here to order.  Order Code PHX229

HMS Worcester

HMS St Vincent.Contributed by

HMS Marlborough, 1860.

HMS St Vincent.  Contributed by email.

HMS Worcester.

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  © Walker Archive. Order Code PHX395

HMS Cambridge c.1897

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  © Walker Archive. Order Code  PHX392

HMS Excellent c.1897

HMS Britannia c. 1897

HMS Active c.1897

HMS Martin in 1902. She was a wooden sailing brig launched at Pembroke in 1890 and used as a tender to the training ship St Vincent. She measured 105 ft long with a displacement of 508 tons and a crew complement of 27. The little training brig HMS Martin passing out of Spithead under sail in 1897. At this time there were seven such training brigs attached to the various training ships. Martin was originally launched as Mayflower.

The images below were supplied with the following email message :  I recently acquired some pewter items, 3 of which are bowls marked "HMS AJAX".  They were with some WWII items, and I assumed that they were connected with that war.  However, one has a scratched on date of 1806.  I have learned that the British Navy has had several ships named Ajax over the years, and at this point I am not sure which ship these bowls are related to.  Each of the bowls is marked HMS AJAX.  One is marked "MESS 1", one is marked "MESS 2", the 3rd is marked "LB".  All 3 have the crown X mark.  It is the bowl marked LB that has "Patrick 1806" scratched into the base.  They are each just under 5 3/8 inches across the top and some 2 3/8 inches tall. I would appreciate any information you can give me.  Lee Berkovits.  

We believe these bowls date from the HMS Ajax involved in the Battle of Trafalgar.  If you can shed any more light on these, email us at

Ship List 1618-1642

Name Builder Date Fate
Prince Royal Phineas Pett I, Woolwich 1610 Rebuilt 1641
White Bear Phineas Pett I, Woolwich 1599 Sold 1629
Merhonour Phineas Pett I, Woolwich 1615 Sold 1650
Anne Royal (ex Ark Royal) Phineas Pett I, Woolwich 1608 Wrecked and broken up 1638.
Repulse   1610 Broken up 1645
Defiance Phineas Pett I, Woolwich 1615 Sold 1650
Warspite Stevens 1596 Harbour service 1635
(Red) Lion Baker, Deptford 1609 Rebuilt 1640
Vanguard Chatham 1615 Rebuilt 1631
Rainbow Bright, Deptford 1617 Sunk at Sheerness in 1680
Nonsuch   1603 Sold about 1645
Dreadnought Deptford 1614 Broken up in 1648
Speedwell Deptford 1607 Lost during 1624
Antelope   1618 Burnt in 1649
Constant Reformation Burrell, Deptford 1619 Joined the side of the Royalist in 1648 and was lost in 1651
Victory Burrell, Deptford 1620 Rebuilt in 1666
Swiftsure Burrell, Deptford 1621 Rebuilt in 1654
St George Burrell, Deptford 1622 Hulked in 1687
St Andrew Burrell, Deptford 1622 Wrecked in 1666
Triumph Burrell, Deptford 1623 Sold in 1688
(Happy) Entrance Burrell, Deptford 1619 Burnt in 1658
Garland Burrell, Deptford 1620 Captured by the Dutch in 1652
Bonadventure Burrell, Deptford 1621 Blown up in 1653
Sovereign of the Seas Phineas Pett II, Woolwich 1637 Rebuilt in 1660
Charles Phineas Pett I, Woolwich 1632 Wrecked in 1650
Henrietta Maria Goddard, Deptford 1633 Renamed Paragon in 1650 and lost in 1655
James Phineas Pett II, Woolwich 1634 Sold in 1682
Unicorn Boate, Woolwich 1634 Sold in 1688
Leopard Peter Pett I, Woolwich 1635 Captured by the Dutch in 1653
Vanguard Bright, Woolwich 1631 Wrecked and sold 1667
Lion Asplin, Woolwich 1640 Rebuilt in 1658
Prince Royal Peter Pett I, Woolwich 1641 Rebuilt in 1663

Ship List 1642-1660

Name Builder Date Fate
Constant Warwick Peter Pett I, Woolwich 1645 Rebuilt in 1666
Assurance Peter Pett I, Woolwich 1646 Sold in 1698
Adventure Peter Pett II, Woolwich 1646 Sold in 1688
Nonsuch Peter Pett I, Woolwich 1646 Wrecked in 1664
Dragon Goddard, Chatham 1647 Rebuilt 1690
Elizabeth Peter Pett I, Deptford 1647 Burnt by the Dutch in 1667
Phoenix Peter Pett II, Woolwich 1647 Wrecked in 1664
Tiger Peter Pett I, Woolwich 1647 Rebuilt in 1681
Antelope Woolwich 1651 Wrecked in 1652
Fairfax Peter Pett I, Deptford 1650 Burnt by accident 1653
Speaker Christopher Pett, Woolwich 1650 Renamed Mary after the Restoration. Rebuilt 1687
Fairfax John Taylor, Chatham 1653 Wrecked in 1682
Plymouth Taylor, Wapping 1653 Rebuilt in 1705
Essex Phineas Pett II, Deptford 1653 Taken by the Dutch in 1666.
Gloucester Graves, Limehouse 1654 Wrecked in 1682
Torrington Johnson, Blackwall 1654 Renamed Dreadnought after the Restoration. Lost 1690. 
Newbury Graves, Limehouse 1654 Renamed Revenge after the Restoration. Condemned 1678
Bridgewater Chamberlain, Deptford 1654 Renamed Anne after the Restoration. Blown up by accident in 1673
Lyme Tippets, Portsmouth 1654 Renamed Montague after the Restoration. Widened in 1675 and rebuilt in 1698
Marston Moor Johnson, Blackwall 1654 Renamed York after the Restoration. Wrecked in 1703 
Langport Bright, Horsleydown 1654 Renamed Henrietta after the Restoration. Wrecked in 1689 
Tredagh Phineas Pett II, Ratcliffe 1654 Renamed Resolution after the Restoration. Damaged by fire in action in 1666. 
Worcester Burrell II, Woolwich 1651 Renamed Dunkirk and after the Restoration rebuilt in 1692.
Monck Tippets, Portsmouth 1659 Rebuilt in 1702. 
Phoenix class 4th Rate Frigates
Name Builder Date Fate
Portsmouth Eastwood, Portsmouth 1650 Blown up during action in 1689.
Sapphire Peter Pett I, Ratcliffe 1651 Wrecked in 1670.
Hampshire Phineas Pett II, Deptford 1653 Rebuilt in 1686.
Elizabeth class 4th Rate Frigates
Name Builder Date Fate
President Peter Pett I, Deptford 1650 Renamed Bonadventure after the Restoration and widened in 1663, rebuilt 20 years later.
Reserve Peter Pett II, Woodbridge 1650 Rebuilt in 1701.
Advice Peter Pett I, Woodbridge 1650 Rebuilt in 1698.
Pelican Taylor, Wapping 1650 Burnt by accident in 1656.
Centurion Peter Pett I, Ratcliffe 1650 Wrecked in 1689.
Foresight Shish, Deptford 1650 Wrecked in 1698.
Assistance Johnson, Deptford 1650 Rebuilt in 1687.
Laurel Portsmouth 1651 Wrecked in 1657.
Gainsborough Taylor, Pitchouse 1653 Renamed Swallow after the Restoration and then wrecked in 1692.
Preston Carey, Woodbridge 1653 Renamed Antelope after the Restoration and sold in 1693
Nantwich Baylie, Bristol 1654 Renamed Breda after the Restoration but wrecked in 1666.
Jersey Starling, Maldon 1654 Captured by the French in 1691.
Maidstone Munday, Woodbridge 1654 Renamed Mary Rose after the Restoration but captured by the French in 1691.
Ruby Class 4th Rate Frigates
Name Builder Date Fate
Ruby Peter Pett I, Deptford 1651 Captured by the French in 1707.
Diamond Peter Pett I, Deptford 1651 Captured by the French in 1693.
Kentish Johnson, Deptford 1652 Wrecked in 1672.
Sussex Deptford 1652 Blown up by accident in 1653.
Portland Taylor, Wapping 1653 Scuttled (burnt) to avoid capture in 1692.
Newcastle Phineas Pett II, Ratcliffe 1653 Wrecked in 1703.
Bristol Tippets, Portsmouth 1653 Rebuilt in 1693.
Yarmouth Edgar, Yarmouth 1653 Broken up in 1680.
Taunton Castle, Rotherhithe 1654 Renamed Crown after the Restoration then rebuilt in 1689.
Dover Castle, Shoreham 1654 Rebuilt in 1695.
Winsby Edgar, Yarmouth 1654 Renamed Happy Return after the Restoration then captured by the French in 1691.
Leopard Shish, Deptford 1659 Sunk 1699.
Princess Furzer, Lydney 1661 Broken up 1680.
First Rate
Name Builder Date Fate
Naseby Peter Pett II, Woolwich 1655 Renamed Royal Charles after the Restoration then captured by the Dutch in 1667.
Second Rates      
Richard Christopher Pett, Woolwich 1658 Renamed Royal James after the Restoration. Burnt by the Dutch in 1667.
Dunbar Callis, Deptford 1656 Renamed Henry after the Restoration. Burnt by accident in 1682.
London Taylor, Chatham 1654 Blown up by accident in 1665.

Ship List 1660-1675

Name Builder Date Fate
Second Rates      
Royal Oak Tippets, Portsmouth 1664 Burnt by the Dutch in 1667.
Royal Katherine Christopher Pett, Woolwich 1664 Rebuilt in 1702.
Loyal London Taylor, Deptford 1666 Ruined by fire 1702.
Third      
Cambridge Jonas Shish, Deptford 1666 Wrecked in 1694.
Rupert Deane, Harwich 1666 Rebuilt in 1703.
Defiance Castle, Deptford 1666 Burnt by accident in 1668.
Warspite Johnson, Blackwall 1666 Rebuilt in 1702.
Monmouth Phineas Pett II, Chatham 1667 Rebuilt in 1700.
Fourth Rates      
Greenwich Christopher Pett, Woolwich 1666 Rebuilt in 1669.
St Patrick Baylie, Bristol 1666 Captured in 1667.
St David Furzer, Lydney 1667 Foundered in 1690.
Construction During the 2nd Dutch War
100-Gun Ships      
Prince Phineas Pett II, Deptford 1670 Rebuilt in 1692 and renamed Royal William.
Royal James Deane, Portsmouth 1671 Burnt during action in 1672.
Royal Charles Deane, Portsmouth 1673 Rebuilt in 1693 and renamed Queen.
90-96 Gun Ships      
Charles Shish, Deptford 1668 Rebuilt in 1701.
St Michael Tippets, Portsmouth 1669 Rebuilt in 1706 and subsequently renamed Marlborough.
London Shish, Deptford 1670 Rebuilt in 1706.
St Andrew Christopher Pett, Woolwich 1670 Rebuilt 1703 and subsequently renamed Royal Anne.
Third Rates      
Resolution Deane, Harwich 1667 Rebuilt in 1698.
Edgar Baylie, Bristol 1668 Rebuilt in 1700.
Construction During the 3rd Dutch War
Name Builder Date Fate
First Rate      
Royal James Deane, Portsmouth 1675 Renamed Victory 1691; then rebuilt in 1695.
Third Rate      
Swiftsure Deane, Harwich 1673 Rebuilt in 1696.
Harwich Deane, Harwich 1674 Wrecked in 1691.
Royal Oak Shish, Deptford 1674 Rebuilt in 1690.
Defiance Phineas Pett II, Chatham 1675 Rebuilt in 1695.
Fourth Rate      
Oxford Baylie, Bristol 1674 Enlarged in 1702 and then rebuilt in 1727.
Kingfisher Phineas Pett III, Woolwich 1675 Rebuilt in 1699.
Woolwich Phineas Pett III, Woolwich 1675 Rebuilt in 1702.
Captured Ships      
Ruby (Originally Rubis)   1664 Hulked and sold in 1682 eventually broken up in 1685.
Stavoreen     Sold in 1682.
Arms of Rotterdam     Hulked in 1675 and eventually broken up in 1703.

Ship List from 1677-1688

Name Builder Date Fate
First Rate 100 Gun Ships      
Britannia Phineas Pett II, Chatham 1682 Stripped down to pieces in 1715 and then rebuilt in 1719.
Second Rate 90 Gun Ships      
Vanguard Furzer, Portsmouth 1678 Rebuilt in 1710.
Windsor Castle Shish, Woolwich 1678 Wrecked in 1693.
Duchess Shish, Deptford 1679 Renamed Princess Anne in 1701 then changed back to Windsor Castle in 1702, renamed again as Blenheim in 1706 before being rebuilt in 1709.
Sandwich Betts, Harwich 1679 Rebuilt in 1712.
Albemarle Betts, Harwich 1680 Rebuilt 1704.
Duke Shish, Woolwich 1682 Renamed Prince George after being rebuilt in 1701.
Ossory Furzer, Portsmouth 1682 Renamed Prince in 1705 and rebuilt in 1711.
Neptune Shish, Deptford 1683 Rebuilt in 1710.
Coronation Betts, Portsmouth 1685 Wrecked in 1691.
Third Rate 70 Gun Ships      
Anne Phineas Pett II, Chatham 1678 Burnt in 1690 after the battle at Beachy Head.
Captain Shish, Woolwich 1678 Rebuilt in 1708.
Hampton Court Shish, Deptford 1678 Rebuilt in 1701.
Hope Castle, Deptford 1678 Captured in 1695.
Lennox Shish, Detford 1678 Rebuilt in 1701.
Restoration Betts, Harwich 1678 Rebuilt in 1702.
Berwick Phineas Pett II, Chatham 1679 Rebuilt in 1700.
Breda Betts, Harwich 1679 Accidentally burnt in 1690.
Burford Shish, Woolwich 1679 Rebuilt in 1699.
Eagle Furzer, Portsmouth 1679 Rebuilt in 1699.
Elizabeth Castle, Deptford 1679 Rebuilt in 1704.
Essex Johnson, Blackwall 1679 Rebuilt in 1700.
Expedition Furzer, Portsmouth 1679 Rebuilt in 1699.
Grafton Shish, Woolwich 1679 Rebuilt in 1700.
Kent Johnson, Blackwall 1679 Rebuilt in 1699.
Northumberland Baylie, Bristol 1679 Rebuilt in 1702.
Pendennis Phineas Pett II, Chatham 1679 Wrecked in 1689.
Stirling Castle Shish, Deptford 1679 Rebuilt in 1699.
Exeter Johnson, Blackwall 1680 Hilked in 1691.
Suffolk Johnson, Blackwall 1680 Rebuilt in 1699.
Fourth Rate Ships 1683-88      
Mordaunt Castle, Deptford 1681 Stranded in 1693.
Deptford Shish, Woolwich 1687 Rebuilt in 1700.
St Albans Shish, Deptford 1687 Wrecked in 1693.
Sedgemoor Lee, Chatham 1687 Wrecked in 1689.

Ship List 1688-1697

Name Builder Date Fate
Two Decker Third Rate 80 Gun Ships      
Devonshire Wyatt, Bursledon April 1692 Rebuilt in 1704.
Cornwall Winter, Southampton April 1692 Rebuilt in 1706.
Boyne Harding, Deptford May 1692 Rebuilt in 17008.
Russell Stigant, Portsmouth June 1692 Rebuilt in 1709.
Norfolk Winter, Southampton March 1693 Rebuilt in 1728.
Humber Frame, Hull March 1693 Rebuilt in 1708.
Sussex Lee, Chatham April 1693 Wrecked in 1694.
Torbay Harding, Deptford December 1693 Rebuilt in 1719.
Lancaster Wyatt, Bursledon April 1694 Rebuilt in 1722.
Dorsetshire Winter, Southampton December 1694 Rebuilt in 1712.
Cambridge Harding, Deptford December 1695 Rebuilt in 1715.
Chichester Lee, Chatham March 1695 Rebuilt in 1706.
Newark Frame, Hull June 1695 Rebuilt in 1717.
Three Decker Third Rate 80 Gun Ships      
Shrewsbury Stigant, Portsmouth February 1695 Rebuilt in 1713.
Cumberland Wyatt, Bursledon November 1695 Captured in 1707.
Ranelagh Harding, Deptford June 1697 Renamed as Princess Caroline in 1728 before being rebuilt in 1731.
Somerset Lee, Chatham May 1698 Hulked in 1715 and eventually broken up in 1740.
Fourth Rate 60 Gun Ships      
Carlisle Snelgrove, Deptford February 1693 Wrecked in 1696.
Winchester Wyatt, Bursledon April 1693 Foundered in 1695.
Medway Furzer, Sheerness August 1693 Rebuilt in 1718.
Canterbury Snelgrove, Deptford December 1693 Rebuilt in 1722.
Sunderland Winter, Southampton March 1694 Hulked in 1715 and then deliberately sunk in 1737.
Pembroke Snelgrove, Deptford November 1694 Captured in 1709.
Gloucester Clements, Bristol February 1695 Used for harbour service in 1706 before being broken up in 1731.
Windsor Snelgrove, Deptford October 1695 Rebuilt in 1729.
Kingston Frame, Hull March 1695 Rebuilt in 1719.
Exeter Bagwell, Portsmouth May 1697 Rebuilt in 1744.
Third Rate 70 Gun Ships      
Breda Lawrence, Woolwich April 1692 Broken up in 1730.
Yarmouth Barret, Harwich January 1694 Rebuilt in 1709.
Ipswich Barret, Harwich April 1694 Rebuilt in 1730.
Bedford Harding, Woolwich September 1698 Rebuilt in 1741.
Orford Snelgrove, Deptford 1698 Rebuilt in 1712.
Nassau Waffe, Portsmouth 1699 Wrecked in 1706.
Revenge Miller, Deptford 1699 Renamed Buckingham in 1711 before being hulked in 1727 and subsequently sunk for a foundation in 1745.
64 Gun Ships      
Dreadnought Johnson, Blackwall 1691 She was reduced to a fourth rate ship in 1697 before being rebuilt in 1706.
Second Rate 90 Gun Ships      
Association Bagwell, Portsmouth 1697 Wrecked in 1707.
Barfleur Harding, Deptford August 1697 Rebuilt in 1716 as an 80 gun ship..
Namur Lawrence, Woolwich 1697 Rebuilt in 1729.
Triumph Lee, Chatham 1698 Renamed in 1714 as Prince and rebuilt in 1750.
Fourth Rate 50 Gun Ships      
Falmouth Snelgrove, Deptford June 1693 Captured in 1704.
Norwich Castle, Deptford 1693 Rebuilt in 1718.
Southampton Parker & Winter, Southampton June 1693 Rebuilt 1700.
Weymouth Stigant, Portsmouth 1693 Rebuilt 1718.
Angelsea Waffe, Plymouth 1694 Downgraded to a fifth rate ship in 1719 before being rebuilt in 1725.
Colchester Johnson, Blackwall 1694 Foundered in 1704.
Lincoln Lawrence, Woolwich September 1695 Foundered in 1703.
Coventry Harding, Deptford 1695 Captured 1704.
Hampshire Taylor, Cuckolds Point March 1698 Broken up in 1739.
Dartmouth Parker, Southampton March 1698 Rebuilt 1716.
Winchester Wells, Rotherhithe March 1698 Rebuilt 1717.
Salisbury Herring, Bucklers Hard April 1698 Captured in 1703 then recaptured in 1704. She was then renamed Preston before being rebuilt in 1742.
Worcester Winter, Southampton May 1698 Rebuilt 1714.
Jersey Moore & Nye, East Cowes November 1698 Hulked in 1731 and in 1763 she was sunk.
Carlisle Waffe, Plymouth 1698 Accidentally blown up in 1700.
Tilbury Chatham 1699 Broken up in 1726.
Chester Lawrence, Woolwich March 1691 Captured in 1707.
Chatham Lee, Chatham October 1691 Rebuilt in 1721.
Centurion Harding, Deptford 1691 Broken up 1728.
Norwich Stigant, Portsmouth 1691 Wrecked 1692.
Portland Lawrence, Woolwich March 1693 Rebuilt 1230.
Dartmouth Shish, Rotherhithe July 1693 Captured in 1695 then recaptured and renamed Vigo in 1702. She was wrecked one year later.
Rochester Lee, Chatham 1693 Rebuilt in 1715.
Lichfield Stigant, Portsmouth 1694 Rebuilt in 1730.
Romney Johnson, Blackwall 1694 Wrecked in 1707.
Burlington Johnson, Blackwall 1695 Broken up in 1733.
Harwich Castle, Deptford 1695 Wrecked in 1700.
Pendennis Castle, Deptford 1695 Captured in 1705.
Severn Johnson, Blackwall 1695 Rebuilt in 1739.
Falkland Built in New England and purchased in 1696   Rebuilt in 1702.
Blackwall Johnson, Blackwall 1696 Captured in 1705 then recaptured in 1708 and subsequently broken up.
Guernsey Johnson, Blackwall 1696 Rebuilt in 1717.
Nonsuch Castle, Deptford 1696 hulked in 1740 and broken up five years later.
Warwick Castle, Deptford 1696 Rebuilt in 1710.
 

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Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

 En route to the dams of the Ruhr Valley, the first wave of three specially adapted Avro Lancasters roar across the Dutch wetlands on the night of 16 -17th May 1943 led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson, their mission to breach the Mohne and Eder dams, thus robbing the German war machine of valuable hydro-electric power and disrupting the water supply to the entire area. Carrying their unique, Barnes Wallis designed 'Bouncing Bomb' and flying at just 30m above the ground to avoid radar detection, 617 Squadron's Lancasters forged their way into the enemy territories, following the canals of the Netherlands and flying through forest fire traps below treetop height to their targets. Gibson's aircraft ('G'-George) is nearest with 'M'-Mother of Fl/Lt Hopgood off his port wing and 'P'-Peter (Popsie) of Fl/Lt Martin in the distance.

Dambusters - The First Wave by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
Half Price! - £40.00
 Spitfire L1000 (DW-R) of No.610 Sqn is terminally damaged by an Me109 over Dunkirk on 29th May 1940.  The Spitfire pilot, Flying Officer Gerald Kerr is listed is missing after this combat.

Kerrs Last Combat by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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During the early 1930s, Imperial Airways of London introduced to its European and Eastern routes the HP42, an enormous four-engined Handley Page biplane carrying up to 38 passengers at a sedate 100mph.  For the first time air travellers could enjoy Pullman comfort, the wicker-work chairs finally being dispensed with.  Eight of these outstanding aircraft were built and operated from 1931 to the start of the Second World War.  The European services were flown by the four known as the Heracles class with fleet names Horatius, Hengist and Helena.  The Hannibal class with Horsa, Hanno and Hadrian serviced the Empire routes.  They accumulated over 10 million miles of peacetime operations wthout harm to a single passenger or crew member.  Safety became their byword. Depicted here is Horatius, bound for Paris from Croydon.  What a sight to behold, truly a galleon of the clouds.
Croydon Departure by Gerald Coulson.
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 Two Spitfire Mk1Bs of 92 Squadron patrol the south coast from their temporary base at Ford, here passing over the Needles rocks, Isle of Wight, in the Spring of 1942.

In Them We Trust by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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 Douglas C-47s of the 439th Troop Carrier Group, 94th Troop Carrier Squadron, approach the Drop Zone above Normandy on the night of 5th / 6th June 1944 at the start of Operation Overlord.

Drop Zone Ahead by Ivan Berryman. (P)
Half Price! - £800.00
 Wing Commander J R Baldwin is depicted flying Typhoon MN934 whilst commanding 146 Wing, 84 Group operating from Needs Oar Point in 1944, en route to a bombing raid on 20th June with other Typhoons of 257 Sqn in which both ends of a railway tunnel full of German supplies were successfully sealed.

Typhoons Over Normandy by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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 Landing and taking off from the hillsides, rather than established airfields, this was extremely dangerous work which involved the pilot following the terrain and contours of the land that was being dressed in order to ensure an even distribution of the chemical.  Australian-born Jim McMahon, served during World War II on B.25 Mitchell bombers before pioneering crop dusting and topdressing in New Zealand with ex-military De Havilland Tiger Moths which he converted himself for the purpose.  He went on to form a company called Crop Culture, which specialised in aerial spraying equipment, both in New Zealand and in the UK, before becoming a partner in the newly-formed Britten-Norman aircraft company which produced the Islander and Trislander utility transport aircraft in England.
Top Dressing in New Zealand (2) by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 Boulton Paul Defiant of 151 Sqn, based at Wittering, attacking a Messerschmitt Me110. Following an exhausting summer during the Battle of Britain, 151 was designated a night fighter squadron and was equipped both with Hurricanes and Defiants. On the night of 15th January 1942, two Defiants succeeded in bringing down three German aircraft and further successes were recorded during enemy raids on Birmingham when a further nine kills were claimed.

Night of Defiance by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 HMS Intrepid embarks some of her landing craft during the Falklands conflict of 1982.
HMS Intrepid by Ivan Berryman
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Under tow, HMS Vanguard having left John Brown shipyard, passes Dalmuir ship docks, Clydebank, 1946.  HMS Vanguard would be the last British battleship to be built.

HMS Vanguard, Away the Vanguard by Randall Wilson.
Half Price! - £50.00
 In January 1793 the 1st Battalion of the 29th Foot leaves Windsor for Hilsea to board Royal Navy fighting ships as there is a shortage of marines. Their new roll is to counter enemy musket fire from the upper decks, to lead boarding parties and to maintain discipline of the crew. They are specially equipped with a new working rig but still retain their full dress red coats and powdered hair (curled locks above the ear are removed) for combat. The regiment joins The British Channel Fleet under Admiral Earl Howe, and detachments are allocated to the following ships of the line; H.M.S. Glory, Thunderer, Alfred, Pegasus and Ramilles. 78 soldiers under the command of Cpt. Alexander Saunders are also placed aboard Captain Harveys 74 gun H.M.S. Brunswick. Howes ships are sent to intercept a fleet, of similar size that has put out from Brest to escort a large convoy of food from America, destined for Revolutionary France. The two fleets make contact but fog prevents an engagement until 1 Oarn on the first day of June 1794. Now, in bright sunshine, the order is given to attack! Brunswick is directly astern of Howes flag ship as the French line is broken. She quickly engages Le Vengeur with which she becomes dangerously entangled. Broadsides are exchanged at point blank range! Sails are shot to ribbons, masts and rigging fall. Grenades, carronades and musketry find their targets and casualties mount. Nevertheless, the ships band, joined by a negro regimental drummer on the quarter deck, keep up moral by playing the new and popular air Hearts Of Oak. The two ships drift helplessly as another French man-of-war, Achille, comes in for the kill but the British gunners deliver such a devastating broadside into this new assailant that she is completely demasted and strikes her colours! In the firefight the figure head, an effigy of the Duke of Brunswick, has its carved wooden hat blown clean away. So, Captain Harvey calmly replaces the loss with his own cocked hat! The captain himself receives a blow to the hand and is subsequently mortally wounded with a section of chain-shot. Cpt. Saunders is killed by a snipers bullet and Lt. Harcourt Vernon (wearing short, non regulation boots to facilitate amputation) is soon wounded as well. The decks are cleared of downed masts and rigging, the dead also go over the side. cl At about one oclock the two interlocked ships are separated by a swell and Harveys brothers ship Ramilles cornes to the Brunsivicks assistance. The crippled Vengeur cannot compete with the skill of English gunnery and the ship is raked from end to end by galling fire. Cheers ring out as she surrenders and hoists the Union Jack. The rest of the French fleet breaks off the engagement. Six of their ships are out of action and Le Vengeur is so very badly holed that she eventually sinks (many of her crew refusing to abandon her. Singing the Marseillaise they re-hoist her battle flag as they slip to their watery grave) This British fleet returns in triumph to Spithead. However, the scene on the Brunswicks splintered poop deck is one of utter devastation. The regiment has 13 officers and men killed, another 18 are wounded and nearly quarter of the ships company is lost. This hard won victory is commemorated by the regiment with Naval Crown (awarded to the regiment in 1909, an honour shared only by the Queens Regiment) and by the adoption of the tune played throughout the height of battle, Hearts of Oak.

Hearts of Oak by Mark Churms. (Y)
Half Price! - £50.00
B139P. HMS Royal Oak by Ivan Berryman. The R-class battleship Royal Oak lies at anchor in Scapa Flow between the wars ahead of her sisters Royal Sovereign and Revenge.  HMS Repulse is passing the line on the left of the picture
HMS Royal Oak by Ivan Berryman (P)
Half Price! - £500.00

 Mitsubishi G4Ms of 27 Kanoya Kokutai begin their devastating attack on Force Z off the north east coast of Malaya on 10th December 1941. Both Repulse and prince of Wales were lost in the attack, while their accompanying destroyers remained to pick up survivors among them HMS Express which can be seen off HMS Repulse starboard quarter.

HMS Repulse with HMS Prince of Wales Under Attack by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
Half Price! - £55.00
 In support of the American landings at Utah and Omaha beaches, the USS Texas slugs it out with German heavy gun emplacements during the D-Day landings.

Gunline Omaha - USS Texas by Randall Wilson.
Half Price! - £75.00
  D for Donald of 270 squadron, Royal Air Force, out of Freetown, West Africa operating in the Atlantic Ocean. It was during routine operation search that D for Donald surprised U515 on the surface and immediately attacked the submarine. U515 in putting up stiff resistance blew a large hole in the hull of D for Donald and the magazine of the starboard side 0.5 twin Browning was hit and the subsequent shrapnel wounded both blister gunners. U515 escaped but was sunk by an American naval hunter group a year later. D for Donald limped back to base and managed to make the beach before it would sink completely.
Catalina Attack by John Wynne Hopkins (B)
Half Price! - £80.00
 Depicted off Capetown with the distinctive skyline of Table Mountain providing the backdrop, the King George V class battleship HMS Howe and her destroyer escort began their journey home having visited New Zealand as well as South Africa following the end of hostilities in 1945.

HMS Howe by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
Half Price! - £50.00

 

MILITARY PRINTS

Click above to see all of our military art index - Eight random half price military items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Military Art Offers

9th (Irish) Field Battery firing on the Run-in-shoot to Queen Beach. They were the first rounds fired at the Normandy Coast, D-Day 6th June, 1944. Queen Beach, one of the 4 sectors of Sword Beach, where most of the landings of D-Day were carried out. The Queen Beach sector which extended for 1.5km between Lion-sur-Mer and the western edge of Ouistretham. The attack was thus concentrated on a narrow one-brigade front. For once the DD tanks and other armour came in exactly on time and ahead of the infantry. The 8th brigade, with the 1st Battalion of the South Lancashire Regiment on the right and the 2nd East Yorkshire on the left.

Operation Overlord by David Rowlands (GL)
Half Price! - £280.00
 The Old Guard being asked to surrender at the end of the Battle of Waterloo.
The Last Stand of the Old Guard by Robert Hillingford. (Y)
Half Price! - £20.00
 Captain Montague Lind, leading a Squadron of the 1st Life Guards against the 12th regiment of Cuirassiers during the battle of waterloo, Hougoumont Farm can be seen in the distance.

Charge of the Life Guards by Mark Churms. (Y)
Half Price! - £50.00
 28th Gloucester Regiment shown in square repelling the French cavalry.

Quatre Bras by Lady Elizabeth Butler. (Y)
Half Price! - £31.00

 Having made contact the previous evening with troops of 4th Infantry Division pushing inland from Utah Beach, paratroopers of the 101st Airborne division The Screaming Eagles help mop up the pockets of German resistance in their general advance towards Carentan.

Screaming Eagles in Normandy, 7th June 1944 by David Pentland. (Y)
Half Price! - £52.50
Parliamentarian Cavalry shown returning from a sortie. The name Roundhead was given to the supporters of Parliament during the English civil war . The name, which originated in1641,  and  referred to the short haircuts most of the Roundheads had.
Roundheads Returning From a Raid by Ernest Crofts.
Half Price! - £25.00
Battle of Assaye  23rd September 1803. Governor General Lord Richard Wellesley ordered his younger Brother General Arthur Wellesley (Later to become Duke of Wellington) to command a British and native force of  4,500 men to the South -Central part of the Peninsula. (At thr same time He also Sent General Gerard Lake to the north of India, see Battle fo Laswarree for further details)  General Arthur Wellesley, met a much larger Maratha Force of some 26,000 strong at Assaye in Hydrabad. on September 23rd 1803.  The Battle of Assaye became one of the bloodiest battle Arthur Wellesley fought, receiving 1500 casualties out of a force of 4,500. But the Maratha were routed and Assaye was a British Victory.

The Charge of the 19th Light Dragoons at Assaye by David Rowlands (B)
Half Price! - £20.00
DHM219.  With Banners Bravely Spread by Sir John Gilbert.

With Banners Bravely Spread by Sir John Gilbert.
Half Price! - £40.00

 

SPORT PRINTS

Click above to see all of our sport art index - Eight random half price sport items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Sport Art Offers

MC0041P. Blitzkrieg by Mark Churms.

Blitzkrieg by Mark Churms. (P)
Half Price! - £1250.00
 Jonjo O'Neill.  Cheltenham Champion Hurdle 1984, Cheltenham Gold Cup 1986.

Dawn Run by Peter Deighan.
Half Price! - £110.00
 Michael Schumacher celebrates another win for Ferrari.
Dream Team by Franklin.
Half Price! - £25.00
 Schumacher and Ferrari, the winning team.

Sea of Red by David Evans
Half Price! - £25.00

 A celebration of Nigel Mansells success in winning the Formula 1 World Championship and the Indy Car Championship in successive years. A celebration of the magnificent talents of Nigel Mansell. He made his debut in Formula 1 in 1981 and his superb driving technique made an instant impact. He recorded victory after victory coming agonisingly close to being world champion many times before gaining his well deserved Formula 1 title in 1992. The following year he recorded an unprecedented double, gaining the Indy Car championship in 1993. A feat that reserves his name quite rightly in the record books.
Mansell by Peter Deighan.
Half Price! - £45.00
Passing the stand in the Galway Plate.

With a Circuit To Go by Chris Howells.
Half Price! - £70.00
Marcus Gronholm wins the 2002 Rally New Zealand in the Peugeot 206 and gains the World Rally Championship Title, October 2002.
Finnish First by Graham Bosworth. (Y)
Half Price! - £100.00
B50. Jean Alesi/ Ferrari 412 by Ivan Berryman.

Jean Alesi/ Ferrari 412 by Ivan Berryman.
Half Price! - £40.00

Everything we obtain for this site is shown on the site, we do not have any more photos, crew lists or further information on any of the ships.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE. ALL IMAGES DISPLAYED ON THIS WEBSITE ARE PROTECTED BY  COPYRIGHT  LAW, AND ARE OWNED BY CRANSTON FINE ARTS OR THEIR RESPECTIVE OWNERS.  NO REPRODUCTION OR COPYING ALLOWED ON OTHER WEBSITES, BOOKS OR ARTICLES WITHOUT PRIOR AGREEMENT.

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