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History of  Royal Navy cruisers (heavy cruisers, light cruisers). Royal Navy cruiser website dedicated to the Fiji Class. HMS Fiji, HMS Kenya, HMS Mauritius, HMS Nigeria, HMS Trinidad, HMS Ceylon, HMS Gambia, HMS Jamaica, HMS Uganda, HMS Bermuda, HMS New Foundland including crew and families of ex-crew members notice board for the Fiji Class cruisers.

 

HMS Jamaica.  Built by Vickers Armstrong at barrow and launched 16th November 1940 and completed 29th June 1942. On completion she served with the Home Fleet from 1942 till the end of the war. later serving in the Indian Ocean. finally being sold and scrapped  at Dalmuir in Scotland 20th December 1960 and finally the hull was scrapped at Troon in 1962.

 

Displacement: 8,000 tons.   Speed: 33kts    Complement: 730

Armament: Twelve 6 inch guns in threes. Eight 4 inch anti-aircraft guns in pairs and nine 2pdr anti-aircraft guns in pairs (one single) as well as eight 0.5 inch machine guns in pairs.   Six 21 inch torpedo tubes in threes and 3 aircraft.

 

Displacement: 8,800 tons (Ceylon, Uganda and Newfoundland), 

Ceylon, Uganda & Newfoundland armaments as follows: Nine 6 inch guns in threes. Eight 4 inch anti-aircraft guns in pairs and twenty 2pdr anti-aircraft guns in fours as well as twenty 20mm anti-aircraft guns in pairs.   Six 21 inch torpedo tubes in threes but no aircraft.

HMS Bermuda 11th September 1941 Broken up 1965
HMS Ceylon 30th July 1942 Sold to Peru 1959
HMS Fiji 31st May 1939 Sunk 22nd May 1941
HMS Gambia 30th November 1940 Broken up 1968.
HMS Jamaica 16th November 1940 Broken up 1960.
HMS Kenya 18th August 1939 Broken up 1962.
HMS Mauritius 19th July 1939 Broken up 1965.
HMS Newfoundland 19th December 1941 Sold to Peru 1959.
HMS Nigeria 18th July 1939 Sold to India 1957.
HMS Trinidad 21st March 1940 Sunk 15th May 1942.
HMS Uganda 7th August 1941 Broken up 1961.
HMS Ceylon

HMS Ceylon.

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HMS Ceylon.

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HMS Ceylon photograph provided by Bill Hartland.

HMS Fiji

HMS Fiji was built at Clydebank by John brown ship builders and laid down on the 30th march 1938, launched 31st May 1939 and completed 17th may 1940. joined the Home fleet on completion from 1940 till 1941,  In September 1940 HMS Fiji was hit by a torpedo form U32 which flooded the forward boiler room, causing enough damage to keep her out of action for six months with repairs.  she was bombed by German and Italian aircraft  one direct hit and three near missus, two of the near misses caused the engine room and boiler room forward to flood rapidly which caused a heavy list, the crew abandoned the ship and HMS Fiji after five hours capsized and sank of Crete on the 22nd May 1941. 

HMS Mauritius. was built by swan Hunter at Wallsend and laid down on the 31st march 1938, and launched 19th July 1939 completed 1st January 1941. HMS Mauritius served in the home Fleet 1941 going  to the east Indies 1941 till 1942, Eastern Fleet 1942 - 1943, Mediterranean fleet 1943 - 1944 and finally  in the Home Fleet  1944 - 1945. took part in the D-day landings. June 1944.  Finally scrapped at Inverkeithing March 1965

Displacement: 8,000 tons.   Speed: 33kts    Complement: 730

Armament: Twelve 6 inch guns in threes. Eight 4 inch anti-aircraft guns in pairs and nine 2pdr anti-aircraft guns in pairs (one single) as well as eight 0.5 inch machine guns in pairs.   Six 21 inch torpedo tubes in threes and 3 aircraft.

HMS Fiji.

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HMS Gambia
 

HMS Gambia entering Malta's Grand Harbour sometime in the 1940s.

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HMS Gambia alongside Dutch destroyer Van Galen at St Helena, 1942.

Contributed by Paul van der Moezel

HMS Gambia alongside Dutch destroyer Van Galen at St Helena, 1942.

Contributed by Paul van der Moezel

HMS Gambia.

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HMS Jamaica

HMS Jamaica was built at Vickers Armstrong at barrow, and laid down on the 28th April 1938, launched 16th November 1940 and completed 29th June 1942.  Joined  the Home Fleet on completion and served from 1942 until 1945. 

HMS Jamaica in 1942 with eight 20mm AA guns instead of the machine guns originally fitted.

Jamaica in 1945 in the Indian Ocean photograph sent in by Ian Crouch. 

HMS Kenya

Joined the Home fleet and served in convoy protection in the Atlantic. In May 1941 while serving with the 2nsd Cruiser squadron. HMS Kenya was involved in the Hunt for the German  battleship Bismarck. and In June 1941 with HMS Aurora, HMS Kenya intercepted the German supply ship Belchen. in the Davies Strait. She went to the Mediterranean in September 1941. to take part in Operation halberd. after which she returned once again to serve with the Home Fleet serving in the arctic. and during this time took part in bombarding of German coastal position in Norway.  In December 1941 HMS Kenya covered the Vaagso Raid..  Then returning to the Mediterranean in June 1942.  while serving in the Mediterranean she took part in Operation harpoon./  and in August 1942 she participated in the famous pedestal Convoys to re supply Malta and on the 12th August she was torpedoed and damaged buy the Italian Submarine Alagi. Putting in for repairs  which took until December 1942.  HMS Kenya served with the Home Fleet during 1943. transferring to the 4th Cruiser squadron in the Eastern Fleet in January 1944..  During that year she covered the Carrier  raids on the Japanese controlled islands in the Indian Ocean.  and Covered the Arakan landings in 1945 and also bombarding Japanese Coastal defenses in Malaysia.   As the war ended HMS Kenya was in refit. Serving in the 8th cruiser squadron in the west Indies station From October 1946. until December `1947 when she went into reserve. re commissioned into the 5th cruiser squadron to serve during the Korean war. during 11951 and 152. moving to the Mediterranean the following year.. finally coming back to the UK on the 24th February 1953 went into reserve once again. After a refit in 1955 she served again in the West Indies Station with he 8th cruiser squadron. returning to the Home fleet in November 1956 until 1957. when she went to the Mediterranean for the last time to become the flagship of the 1st cruiser squadron. Finally paid of in September 1958.  remained in reserve at Portsmouth until being scrapped In Scotland at Faslane in October 1962.

HMS Kenya at Gibraltar. 

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HMS Kenya photograph provided by Bill Hartland.

HMS Kenya entering Malta harbour, 1946 - 48.  Sent in by Tony Smith

HMS Mauritius

HMS Mauritius

HMS Mauritius at Malta.

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HMS Uganda

HMS Uganda, August 1943.

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Operation Neptune by Ivan Berryman.


Operation Neptune by Ivan Berryman.

Forming part of the Eastern Task Force covering the landings at Normandy in June 1944, the cruiser HMS Mauritius is shown in company with the monitor HMS Roberts and the cruiser HMS Frobisher shelling German batteries at Merville, Houlgate and Benerville as the combined British and American forces embark upon what would become known forever as D-Day.
Item Code : B0134Operation Neptune by Ivan Berryman. - Editions Available
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Original black and white acrylic painting by Ivan Berryman.
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HMS Jamaica by Ivan Berryman.


HMS Jamaica by Ivan Berryman.

Item Code : B0146HMS Jamaica by Ivan Berryman. - Editions Available
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AVIATION PRINTS

Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

The military trained many of their first world war pilots on the Jenny.  Several thousand Jennies were produced and after the war many of these aircraft were purchased by some of the 20,000 airmen which left the armed services after world war one, paying a fraction of the cost for these aircraft.  Barnstorming began.  These pilots would make a living from Barnstorming across the US, giving rides to civilians for as much at 15 to 20 dollars a trip.  This was a time when most people had not seen an aircraft let alone go up in one.  Barnstorming gradually became saturated with pilots and aircraft and over a short peiod of time the prices paid for a trip in a Jenny went down toas low as 2 to 3 dollars, and making a living became hard for the pilots who could hardly pay for the fuel and living costs let alone aircraft maintenance.  There were a number of fatal accidents, but Barnstorming played a vital role in aviation and probably put the idea of becoming a pilot in the minds of many young boys who would later go on to fly in combat during world war two.

Balmy Days by Ivan Berryman.
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 The 79 Sqn Hurricane of P/O E J Morris receiving hits from a Dornier 17 on 31st August 1940.  Morris was forced to crash land his aircraft and was slightly wounded following the combat.

Revenge of the Raider by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 The heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen slips quietly through the waters of Kiel Harbour as one of her own Arado Ar.196s flies overhead. In the background, Bismarck, wearing her Baltic camouflage, is alongside taking on supplies.

Prinz Eugen by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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RAF Pathfinder founder and Commander signs print featuring the four engined Halifax bomber.

Halifax Legend by Robert Taylor
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 Boeing Chinook of No.7 Squadron (detachment) from RAF Aldergrove, flying on supply duty in the west of the province.

Chinook over the Sperrins by David Pentland. (AP)
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 On 20th October 1943, Wildcat and Avenger aircraft from the Carrier US Core, on patrol north of the Azores, surprised U378, a type VIIC U-boat which had been active in that area. The element of surprise was so complete that the submarines guns remained unmanned throughout the action.
The Element of Surprise by Robert Barbour.
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 A pair of Fw190F fighters during the winter of 1943. The Fw190F and G had become the Luftwaffes standard fighter-bomber for ground attack.  The Fw190F was very effective in this role. Additional armour protection was given to ground-attack variants and the G version also could carry a single 4,000-pound (1,800-kg) bomb or numbers of smaller bombs. The Fw190 was also used as a successful night fighter during the autumn and early winter of 1943–44, using conventional daylight methods to attack RAF bombers after searchlights had illuminated them.

Fw190F Fighters - Winter 1943 by Ivan Berryman.
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Two  Me109s of Adolf Gallands famed JG26 breaking away after a head on attack against Johnnies Johnsons Spitfire formation.

Combat over the Pas de Calais by Simon Smith.
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NAVAL PRINTS

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 With her pennant number GO4 painted out to accommodate a western approaches camouflage the destroyer HMS Onslaught punches her way through a heavy swell during escort duties in the north Atlantic

HMS Onslaught by Ivan Berryman.
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 Sunset over Aboukir Bay on 1st August 1798 as ships of the Royal Navy, led by Nelson, conduct their ruthless destruction of the anchored French fleet. Ships shown from left to right. HMS Orion, Spartiate, Aquilon, Peuple Souvrain, HMS Defence, HMS Minotaur and HMS Swiftsure.

Battle of the Nile by Ivan Berryman. (YB)
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 Under lowering arctic skies HMS Belfast (Admiral Burnets Flagship) leads HMS Sheffield and HMS Norfolk in the race to protect convoy JW55B from Scharnhorst.

HMS Belfast During the Battle of North Cape by Randall Wilson. (Y)
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The Brethren of the Coast or the Brethren, was a loose coalition of pirates and privateers also known as Buccaneers who operated during the 1600s and 1700s in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico and also in the Atlantic Ocean.  They were a syndicate of pirate captains with letters of marque and reprisal who regulated their privateering enterprises within the community of privateers.
Brethren of the Coast by Chris Collingwood. (Y)
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 Royal Fleet Auxiliary Olna prepares to receive HMS Active (F171) during the Falklands campaign of 1982.  HMS Coventry (D118) is in the background
RFA Olna by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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 On the 1st of August 1798, thirteen French ships of the line sat anchored in Aboukir Bay off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt, in support of Napoleon who was inland with his troops attempting to conquer the country. As nighttime approached so did Lord Horatio Nelson and the British fleet. Nelson had been hunting Napoleon at sea for months; at Aboukir Bay he had found the French fleet, trapped and unprepared for battle. Nelsons audacious plan was to attack the French on their unprotected prot side, the plan had its risks; the whole of the British fleet could run aground in the shallows - but Nelson knew the waters too well. The Battle of the Nile was one of the most decisive in the history of naval warfare. By the end of the battle nearly all the French ships were sunk or captured. The 124-gun flagship - and the pride of the French navy - LOrient, had exploded with such ferocity that it halted the battle for over ten minutes. Napoleons ability to dominate the region had been crushed, whilst Nelson was to become a hero throughout the whole of Britain.

Battle of the Nile by Anthony Saunders. (Y)
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 The Queen Elizabeth class battleship HMS Malaya is pictured at Capetown in April 1942 en route to Durban from Gibraltar. A veteran of the First World War, Malaya took part in the Battle of Jutland, receiving eight hits, and going on to serve throughout World War Two, surviving a torpedo off Cape Verde in 1941. She is seen here about to recover her Fairey Swordfish floatplane beneath the dramatic outline of Table Mountain.

HMS Malaya at Capetown, South Africa. by Ivan Berryman (Y)
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 Showing visible signs of her tangle with British cruisers at the Battle of the River Plate, the German pocket battleship Graf Spee slips into the neutral waters of the Montevideo roadstead for light repairs.  This was to be the last haven for the Graf Spee which was later scuttled at the harbour mouth, her commander Kapitan zur See Langsdorff believing a large British fleet to be waiting for attempted escape into the South Atlantic.

Admiral Graf Spee by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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MILITARY PRINTS

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 So Tell The Spartans, Stranger passing by that here, Obedient to their laws, we lie.   In 480 BC the Spartans tried to defend the pass at Thermopylae against the Persians led by Xerxes.  The Persian fleet had sailed along the coastline from northern Greece into the Gulf of Malia on the eastern Aegean Sea towards the mountains at Thermopylae. The Greek General and King Leonidas led the Greeks  and tried to defend the pass of Thermopylae.  All the defending Spartans were killed during the Battle of Thermopylae. Their defence and courage provided inspiration to the Greeks, and the following year the Greeks won battles against their old enemy the Persians.

Thermopylae 480BC, Spartan and Thespaian Hoplites. By Chris Collingwood. (GM)
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 Although outnumbered ten to one, General Arthur Wellesley defeated the well trained Mahratta army in one of the fiercest battles in India. It was the first of many victories by the future Duke of Wellington, and the bloodiest for the number, he recalled, that I ever saw.

The 74th Highlanders at the Battle of Assaye, 23rd September 1803 by David Rowlands. (Y)
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 On the 6th November 1792 Dumouriez defeated the Austrians under the Duke of Saxe Teshen and Clerfayt at Jemappes, near Mons. This led to the French Occupation of Belgium.
The Battle of Jemappes by Horace Vernet (Y)
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 Superb figure study of the 82nd Airborne in 1944.

82nd Airborne by Chris Collingwood. (Y)
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 The French General Kellerman (Duc de Valmy) resisted the invading armies under the Duke of Brunswick at Valmy, between Reims and Verdun, on 20th September, 1792, a turning-point in the French revolutionary wars.
Battle of Valmy by Horace Vernet (Y)
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GDHM3019GL. Sergeant John McAulay, 1st Battalion Scots Guards Winning the VC at Fontaine Notre Dame, France 27th November 1917 By David Rowlands.
Sergeant John McAulay, 1st Battalion Scots Guards Winning the VC at Fontaine Notre Dame, France 27th November 1917 By David Rowlands. (GL)
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The English fleet pursued the Armada up the English Channel and, as darkness fell, Vice Admiral Drake broke off and captured the Spanish galleon Rosario, Admiral Pedro de Valdes and the crew.  The Rosario was known to be carrying substantial funds to pay the Spanish Army in the Low Countries.  Drakes ship had been leading the English pursuit of the Armada by means of a lantern.  By extinguishing this for the capture, Drake put the fleet into disarray overnight.  On the night of 29th July 1588, Vice Admiral Drake organised fire-ships, causing most of the Spanish captains to break formation and sail out of Calais . The next day, Drake was present at the Battle of Gravelines.  English losses were comparatively few, and none of their ships were sunk.

Grenvilles Revenge by Brian Wood.
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 Depicting Captain Lindsay of the Scots Guards advancing with the colours which were shot through and staff broken. By this example he helped to restore order after a Russian onslaught had put the regiment in disorder.

Scots Guards Saving the Colours at Alma by Lady Elizabeth Butler (Y)
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SPORT PRINTS

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 Highbury legend David Seamans glittering career has made him one of the most popular players in the modern game. David has won two FA Cups, two English titles and a European Cup Winners Cup as well as being an ever present in the England side winning over 60 caps. Davids remarkable penalty saves in Euro 96, when England so nearly reached the final, made him Englands player of the year and fittingly David was awarded a testimonial for his loyal service to Arsenal at the end of the 2001 campaign.

David Seaman by Robert Highton. (Y)
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Epsom Trophy, Polo Championship

Epsom Trophy by Mark Churms. (AP)
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Passing the stand in the Galway Plate.

With a Circuit To Go by Chris Howells.
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B42. Gerhard Berger/ Ferrari 412.T2 by Ivan Berryman.

Gerhard Berger/ Ferrari 412.T2 by Ivan Berryman.
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 The legendary Welsh rugby union captain Gareth Edwards is brought to life in the triple portrait. Gareth Edwards is revered in Wales and considered one of the finest players ever. in part of the montage he is shown going over for a try against England.
Gareth Edwards by Darren Baker. (AP)
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DHM1480. Jenson Button 2004 BAR 006 by Ivan Berryman.
Jenson Button 2004 BAR 006 by Ivan Berryman.
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 Eddie Irvine and Johnny Herbert.  Jaguar Cosworth R1s

Return of the Cat by Michael Thompson
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 Marcus Gronholm.  Peugeot 206 WRC.
Reflections of a Champion by Michael Thompson.
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