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A History of HMS Nelson

battleships-cruisers.co.uk wish to thank Pete Knight for the following information and photographs of his father, the crew and HMS Nelson. (Pete Knight's superb website is shown next in our military, naval and aviation history and gift web ring - shown on our front page)

Skip to Crew Photos  or  Scrapping Nelson Photos

HMS Nelson aground at Portsmouth photos.

 

Nov 1921 -The keel was laid down by Vickers-Armstrong at the Walkers Yard, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

3 Sep 1925 - She was launched by Dame Caroline Bridgeman, wife of the First Lord of the Admiralty

May 1927 - She recorded 23.55 knots, developing 46,031 SHP.

26 May 1927 - To the people watching from the Cornish coast, the ship doing her steaming trials over the Polperro Mile was unlike any ship that they had ever seen before. Obviously she was a man o' war, but all her superstructure was crowded aft, and the only features of her very long fo'c's'le ere the humps of her three heavy gun turrets. The date was 26 May 1927.

09 Aug 1927 - A navigating party from Portsmouth took the ship over from the builders at the Walker Yard.

15 Aug 1927 - She was brought up to full compliment and commissioned at Portsmouth by Captain S J Meyrick and she  remained a Portsmouth manned ship throughout her life. During the next few weeks her officers and men exercised her equipment and armament, and came to know her eccentricities. The new 16-inch guns had numerous teething troubles, and caused more blast damage than had been expected. Barrel life was disappointing as against the proven 15-inch gun. The huge box structure of the control tower was dubbed "Queen Anne's Mansions" (a reference the Admiralty buildings in London).

21 Oct 1927 - On Trafalgar Day the flag of Vice-Admiral Sir Hubert Brand was hoisted and Nellie became the flagship of the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet. For the next fourteen years she continued this role, wearing the flags of eight Admirals. Until the war came her service was mainly in home waters, but she regularly went to Gibraltar for the annual spring cruise and for exercises with the Mediterranean Fleet, and she visited Malta on numerous occasions. She cruised to the West Indies twice, the first time going through the Panama Canal; and she went to the Scandinavian ports of Copenhagen, Oslo and Stockholm.

1930 - She played a part in the rescue of the mater and 22 crew of the Greek ship Fofo. After an explosion in merchantman's cargo of Welsh coal, the ship was abandoned and later sank. It was ships of the Atlantic Fleet who picked up her SOS signals and it was Nelson that discovered the Fofo's lifeboats.

1932-33 - Modifications were made to the bridge structure, and in the following year two MK.V eight barrelled pom-pom mountings were added, port and starboard, close to the funnel, and in the same refit the torpedo range finder towers were taken out. A year later multiple machine-guns were fitted at the after corners of the control tower.

Jan 1934 - As Nelson steamed slowly out of Portsmouth, she drifted to starboard away from the narrow channel and went aground on the shoal known as Hamilton Bank.

04 Oct 1935 - She was selected for tests of the prototype "Walrus" amphibian aircraft and, one of these machines landed on the flat calm water along side the Nelson at Portland.

1937 - Extra horizontal armour was fitted on lower deck and platform deck, the high angle control installation was improved, and a ship's side crane was fitted in the port waist.

1937-1938- Refit - HMS Nelson, in 1938. A pom-pom has been added on each side of the funnel, and one on the quarterdeck. There is a quadruple o.5" MG on each side of the bridge and sided just behind it, and a HA director has been added to the foretop.

03 Sep 1939- At the outbreak of the war she was at Scapa Flow, and was removed to Loch Ewe after the sinking of the Royal Oak. Also present at Scapa Flow were HMS Rodney, HMS Royal Sovereign and HMS Ramillies. The glass case containing the uniform worn by Lord Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar was sent ashore by drifter to Scrabster and then on to the National Bank of Scotland at Thurso for safe keeping. It now stands in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich, but throughout the war a lock of Nelson's hair was kept in a small picture frame on HMS Nelson.26 Sep 1939 - While escorting the severely damaged submarine Spearfish across the North Sea with the rest of the fleet, and 150 miles off the coast of Norway she was attacked by German aircraft. She opened up her 4.7's in anger for the first time. The Germans inflicted no damage but it was realised that the Nelson had inadequate air defence. The Germans claimed to have sunk HMS Kestrel, a Royal Naval Air Station shore base.

08 Oct 1939 - Nelson sailed with Rodney to try to intercept German forces reported to include the battle-cruiser Gneisenau and the cruiser Koln, north-east of the Shetlands. No contact was made, but the fleet continued to search until Rodney was ordered to the Clyde with rudder defects on the 29th. Instead of returning to Scapa, where the defences were not yet on a fully effective war footing,  Nelson proceeded to a 'secret' base at Loch Ewe on the west coast of Scotland.

30 Oct 1939   - The Norwegian Operation and the Torpedo Crisis.

One of the less popular stories about the elite German U-bootwaffe is the torpedo crisis of late 1939 -- early 1940. Although this was the period during which some of the most outstanding U-boat successes were scored, it was full of bitter disappointments and equally resounding misses as well. It is a common notion among those interested in the U-boat war that the magnetic firing pistol of the German torpedoes was the 'cause of all evil.' This, however, is only partially true. For the most part, the magnetic pistol malfunctioned against capital warships, or so it seemed. This topic will receive further coverage as our story unfolds. The first case of torpedo failure took place very early in the war. Immediately after the outbreak of hostilities, the British Admiralty sent several aircraft carriers into the waters west of the British Isles, the important western approaches, as a measure against the penetration of German submarines into the Atlantic and as a protection measure for convoys. Since U-boats relied mainly on surface attacks, ASDIC being unable to detect them on the surface, continuous air patrol was a grave threat to their operational agility. Consequently, U-boats engaged the carriers one-on-one. Well, not really, since the carriers always enjoyed a protective destroyer screen. The odds against which the U-boats fought, therefore, were particularly high on such occasions. An isolated instance occurred after Prien's feat in Scapa Flow. As a result of the ignominious loss of the Royal Oak.

As far as Loch Ewe, Firth of Forth and Firth of Clyde were concerned, BdU dispatched boats armed with magnetic mines, since there was a significant probability that the ships are not at anchor when the boats arrived. Between October 1939 and March 1st 1940 the U-bootwaffe practically encircled Britain with mines, laying thousands at every more important British port. Captain Roskill, the leading Allied historian of the Naval War during WWII and an author whom Dönitz himself repeatedly quotes in his memoirs, points to a figure of some 115 ships of 400,000 GNT lost to mines in less than 6 months from the beginning of the war. The mines, for a while, became by far more reliable than the defective torpedoes. The mining operations proves so successful that the Thames estuary itself was for a while crammed with ship wreckage. The same lucky Nelson, whom fate spared form Zahn's daring attack, hit a mine off Loch Ewe and, with its hull ripped open, almost sank.

31 Oct 1939 - Nelson arrived in Loch Ewe and the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, and First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, came on board to discuss with the C in C the use of the main fleet bases at Scapa Flow, Loch Ewe and Rosyth. A decision was taken to return to Scapa in the spring of 1940 when all defences would be secure.

21 Nov 1939 - The battle-cruisers

04 Dec 1939 - On one of her North sea patrols on December 4th  she entered Loch Ewe at thirteen knots, she passed over a  magnetic mine, whereupon her hull activated the mine and the Nelson lifted and shook to the tremendous explosion. There were 73 casualties. No deaths, but in the heads forward, many toilets shattered and their occupants suffered lacerations. The ships bottom was also torn in several places, mainly to starboard; outer bottom plating for a distance of 70 feet was forced inboard by about 4 feet, and flooding extended over a distance of 140 feet. There was shock damage to the ammunition supply machinery. Winston Churchill referred to her as  'our interesting invalid'. She managed to return to harbour to spend the next 8 months in dock being repaired and refitted.  U-31 (Leutnant Johannes Haberkost) laid the minefield on 27 Oct 1939.

08 Dec 1939 - She arrives at Portsmouth and has major repairs. Type 279/281 radar and three more octue pom-pom mountings are fitted, one on the quarterdeck and two abreast the mainmast where the after director control towers were removed. On 'B' and 'X' turrets four UP (Unrotated Projectile) mountings were installed. Also, gun shields were fitted to the open 4.7s, and an armoured 'zareba' round the 4.7-inch gun deck.

Jun 6 1940 - Sailed to complete her refit on the Clyde.

As she set course from Portsmouth, two minesweepers swept the channel ahead. It was a wise precaution for they explode two magnetic mines laid in her path.  A 20 barrel 7" UP launcher has been added on "C" and "B" turrets. Type 284 radar fitted. Purpose: main gunnery for large ships. Wavelength 50cm. Power output 25kw. Range 10 nautical miles.  First fitted to HMS Nelson. Very successful.

Sep 6 1940 - Repairs completed, she left Scapa with the Home Fleet for operation "DF". The object of the operation was to attack enemy shipping in the area between Sogne Fjord and the Grip Light off the Norwegian coast. Planes from the carrier Furious sank one ship of about 2,000 tons, and a second ship was abandoned by her crew.

Nov 6 1940 - With the Rodney and supporting ships, she sailed from Scapa to search for the Admiral Scheer in the Iceland-Faroes passage.

Nov 13 1940 - Returned to Scapa.

Feb 8 1941 - At the beginning of 1941, on February 8, the German force spotted convoy H.X. 106, which had sailed from Halifax for Great Britain on January 31. The convoy was escorted by the old Battle-ship HMS Ramillies, however, and in accordance with his orders Lutjens broke off contact, despite the fact that the captain of Scharnhorst had offered to draw off the escort and thus give Gneisenau the opportunity to annihilate the convoy. The plan entailed little risk as Scharnhorst was a good 11 knots faster than HMS Ramillies, but Lutjens stuck rigidly to his orders. A fortnight later, off Newfoundland, the German squadron sank three cargo vessels and two tankers of an America-bound convoy that had scattered on being attacked. Then, heading south-east, the German ships found themselves on March 3 less than 300 miles from Tenerife in the Canary islands, well-placed to attack convoys on the Gibraltar-Freetown run. On the morning of the 8th, a dozen merchantmen came over the horizon, escorted, however, by the battleship HMS Malaya, armed, like HMS Ramillies, with l5-inch guns. Still obeying orders, Lutjens stood off, though he did try to direct towards the convoy the two. U-boats operating in the area no easy task, as German surface vessels and U-boats did not use the same code, and it was only by the roundabout route Paris-Kernevel that he was able to pass on the information. Then Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, accompanied by their two supply ships, moved off north-west again to intercept the Halifax Great Britain route.  Here they managed to avoid the attentions of the battleship HMS Nelson while sinking or capturing 16 ships on March 15-16. "As day broke on March 16," write J. Vulliez and J. Mordal, "the squadron was surrounded by merchantmen which, seeing the Germans, scattered in all directions. The hunt began with Ermland forcing a large cargo vessel within range of Scharnhorst, whose guns quickly sank her. Immediately afterwards Gneisenau sank an unidentified ship of 5,000 tons at long range. And so the hunt went on: while Scharnhorst was sinking the 4,350 ton Silverfix, Uckermark forced five ships within range of Gneisenau, which picked them off one by one. Time was running out, and it was getting too late for the attackers to think of making any captures. At about 1500, just when the chase seemed over, the two Battle-cruisers increased speed and caught one more merchant man. It was about this time that Lutjens received orders to create a diversion, to enable Admiral Hipper and Admiral Scheer to slip through the Denmark Strait. With the choice of heading for the Azores or Brest, Lutjens chose the latter. He passed through the dangerous Iroise between the islands of Ushant and Sein at 0700 in March 22.

Mar 2 1941 - Proceeded to sea with King George V, cruisers Edinburgh and Nigeria and destroyers. This was the start of operation "Claymore", the first British amphibious operation of the war against enemy territory. The target was the Lofoten Islands, lying in the Vest Fjord in the approaches to Narvik. The big ships provided the covering force. The raiders entered Vest Fjord during the night of Mar 3rd and surprise was so complete that navigational lights were burning in the area of the Lofotens as the force approached at 0300 hrs. Each ship had a Norwegian pilot, and timing and navigation were perfect. The landings were unopposed, No 3 commando going ashore at Henningsvaer and Stamsund, and No 4 at Brettesnes and Svolvaer.

1941. - Her 16inch guns were in the Mediterranean protecting the Malta convoys. Her presence kept away the Italian Fleet, but torpedo bombers managed to hit her and put her out of action for several months North Africa, Sicily, Italy, Normandy, Malaya, Penang - the Nelson steamed 500,000 miles.

August 9th 1942. - "Pedestal" consisting of 59 warships and 14 merchant ships. South Africa's Vice Adm. Neville Syfret will lead this force from the battleship HMS Nelson. Joining her are her sister ship "HMS RODNEY", and three large carriers, "HMS VICTORIOUS", "HMS EAGLE" and "HMS INDOMITABLE", Britain's first multi-carrier ask force. A fourth carrier "HMS FURIOUS" will separately deliver 38 Spitfires to Malta. This mass of guns and armour is the muscle to protect 14 merchant ships, the fastest that can be found, loaded with 85,000 tons of cargo, mostly flour. Eleven are British, two American (Santa Elisa and Almeria Lykes) and the last an American ship with a British crew, Texaco's large, fast tanker, SS OHIO, one of the largest in the world. OHIO has been specially prepared for this mission, her engines placed on rubber housings, also given extra 3-inch and 5-inch AA guns, she is loaded with 11,500 tons of kerosene and diesel fuels, enough to keep Malta's stoves and Spitfires going till December. If OHIO does not reach Malta, the island will have to surrender.

Sept.29.1943. - The Armistice with Italy was signed on board the Nelson by General Eisenhower and Marshal Badoglio.

1944 - Refit - SW type 273 RDF has been added on the mainmast, SR type 284 on the forward 16" director, AR type 285 on the HA director and AW type 286 on the mastheads. An octuple pom-pom has been added on "B" turret and another pair on each side of the mainmast. About forty-four 20mm AA guns were dotted around the superstructure, including those replacing the single pom-poms, and this figure was later increased to sixty-five by pairing many of them. Radar has replaced the duties of the conning tower rangefinder, and this has been removed and a temporary structure for 20mm AA added. On each side of the bridge, two quadruple US pattern Bofors guns are fitted, for when she will be required in the far-east.

1944. Normandy -

Ships involved at Normandy. USS Arkansas, Georges, Leygues (Fr)  USS Nevada, HMS Dragon, Courbet (Fr), HMS Durban, HMS Undaunted, USS Texas, USS Augusta,  Wrestler, USS Kansas, HMS Emerald, Svenner (Nor), HMS Ramillies, HMS Scylla, HMS Onslow, Gentian Corvette, HMS Rodney, HMS Glasgow, HMS Onslaught, HMS Nelson, HMS Black Prince, HMS Swift, HMS Warspite. S class destroyer Svenner (ex HMS Shark) torpedoed by E-Boats 5-6 June. Courbet scuttled as part of Mulberry A 10/6/44. Cruisers HMS Dragon and HMS Durban used as part of the breakwater Wrestler mined 6th June and damaged irreparably. No carriers were involved in the D-Day operation, though naval aircraft took part. S class destroyer HMS Swift mined and sunk off Normandy beachhead June 24, 1944. HMS Onslaught sunk a German submarine.

Over 5,000 ships took part in operation Neptune, the Normandy landing. Six battleships, 23 cruisers, 104 destroyers, over 4,000 landing craft, 1,000 blockships and coasters, 224 merchantmen plus numerous smaller ships. 177 minesweepers swept channels for the invasion fleet and 53 old vessels were used to form breakwaters for the Mulberry harbours. Losses to the enemy amounted to less than 1% of overall tonnage a high number of losses would have been among the lighter landing craft. Another source puts the number of Battleships at 7, 2 monitors, 23 cruisers, 3 gunboats, 105 destroyers, plus 1,073 smaller naval craft.

Aug.15.1945 - After the war in the Far East was officially over on 15 August the main activity for both British fleets was to accept the Japanese surrender in the numerous islands and areas of coast were they had been in control. In many cases there was still the risk of continued resistance,  particularly in Malaya. On 27 August a British Task Group under Vice Ad. Walker in NELSON, with HMS CEYLON, the escort carriers HUNTER and ATTACKER, three destroyers and two LSI`s left Rangoon for Penang, arriving there the next day. On 2 September the Japanese surrendered the Penang area forces on board NELSON.

On 9 September Operation Zipper, the recapture of Malaya, was put into effect, but with out the previously arranged air and sea bombardment. Over 100,000 troops landed at various points escorted by NELSON, RICHELIEU, NIGERIA, CLEOPATRA, ROYALIST and CEYLON, with the escort carriers HUNTER, STALKER, ARCHER, KHEDIVE, EMPEROR, PURSUER and TRUMPETER with 15 destroyers. It was as well that no enemy resistance had to be coped with because conditions on the beaches were described as "chaotic". So ended Ceylon`s war. In the two years of her life she had steamed many thousands of miles but had always been based on her namesake island. In October she left the Far East to return to Portsmouth on the 25th and paid off into the Reserve Fleet.

September 1945 - LST 383 (landing ship tank) visited George Town, Penang. George Town was silted up and lst 383 was the only ship in the locale that was capable of reaching George Town. The 383 picked up personnel from the battleship HMS Nelson and took them to George Town where the crew of both, including my father Albert, witnessed the Japanese surrender of Penang. Les Sheen (crew member LST 383) recalls an interesting incident involving HMS Nelson when the 383 was probably responsible for causing the Nelson more damage than the combined forces of the enemy! When coming along side the Nelson, the 383 accidentally rammed into the Nelson. The Nelson crew member on watch shouted out  a few unsavoury comments about the abilities of the 383 and was subsequently court martialled for directing such comments at a more senior officer (the captain of the 383). As a result the Nelson crew member was busted down from Petty Officer to Able Seaman.

1946. - Training ship.

1947. - De-commissioned at Portsmouth.

3.15.1949. - Sold to Thomas Ward, Shipbreakers of Inverkeithing for scrap. As she lay in the Firth of Fort she was used as a target for bombing attacks by aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm. They dropped their bombs on a deserted, silent hulk.

1950. - Shipbreakers work complete.

Nelson Specifications. Class (Nelson)   Sister ship (Rodney).

Builder:  Armstrong/Whitworth.           Laid down:  12.28.1923       Commissioned:  9.10.1927

Nicknames:  "Nellie" The most affectionate & popular.  "Nelsol" Because she and the Rodney (Rodnol) were thought to look like oilers or tankers. (There was a class of  fleet oilers whose names ended in OL. "Cherry Tree Class" Because she had been cut down by the Washington Treaty.

Cost:  £7,504.055           Estimated cost  today: £1,000 million

Displacement:  Standard tonnes   34,440,   Full load tonnes    38,610    

Dimensions: Length (pp)   660 feet,  (oa)  710 feet.   Beam - 106 feet.    Draught (max) - 31.5 feet

Armament.  As built 1945
Guns.
Main gun. 16inch (45 cal)      9 9  in three triple MKI turrets (forward))
Secondary gun. 6inch   (50 cal) 12  12  MKXXII in 6 dual MKXXVIII turrets.
4.7inch(40 cal)    6 6   QF MKVIII AA
4inch  - 8  i n four twin turrets.
2pdr  pompoms  MKII    - 16  light AA
40mm   - 16
20mm   oerlikons - 61
24inch torpedo tubes

Armour: Side (belt) 14inch.   Deck (middle) 3inch - 6.25inch.      Main Turrets 7inch - 16inch.     Barbettes  14inch - 15inch.     Secondary Turrets 1inch - 1.5inch.

Machinery: Boilers - Yarrow small tube No8.     Engines - Brown-Curtis single reduction geared turbines.    Shafts -  2

Total SHP: Designed - 45,000     Trials -  46,000        Fuel Capacity: Oil tonnes - 3,815

Performance: Designed speed -  23kts.     Trial speed  -  23.8kts.     Range - 16,500 miles  @12kts.

Crew: - 1,314

HMS Nelsons battle honours.

Malta convoys 1941-2   North Africa 1942-3   Sicily 1943   Salerno 1943   Mediterranean 1943   Normandy 1944

The Scrapping of HMS Nelson

Probably the saddest photo's taken of the "Nelson". Here seen with her sister ship the "Rodney" and "Revenge". Inverkeithing at it's busiest.

24th May 1949.

Nelson arrives on 15th March 1949, to berth close to Revenge. Like Rodney, around 1500 tons had been removed at Rosyth to lighten her, including all 16-inch triple turrets, and her propellers.

Nelson being brought round from Rosyth to Inverkeithing on March 15 1949.

Note the 16" barrels have been cut down in size.

Nelson's 16-inch director control tower is toppled at Inverkeithing on 31st August 1949. Often awkward heavy items such as masts out of reach of the cranes were felled in this way, then cut up where they lay. Demolition was completed in October 1950, after 33,34 tons had been recovered.

Crew Photographs

ALBERT (right) AND HIS COUSIN THOMAS KNIGHT

TAKEN IN MALTA, MAY 1945

THIS PHOTO WAS TAKEN IN THE "BLITZKRIEG BAR" NEW YORK JAN.1945. AFTER LEAVING NORMANDY IN 1944 HMS NELSON HIT A MINE ON THE STARBOARD SIDE CRACKING SOME ARMOUR PLATES. SHE SAILED TO PHILADELPHIA FOR REPAIRS, THEN WENT TO NEW YORK CITY TO PICK UP EVACUEES RETURNING HOME, INCLUDING LADY DILL WHOSE HUSBAND HAD DIED IN THE USA. THE CHAP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE PHOTO WAS A MERCHANT SEAMAN, THE OTHER THREE WERE SHIPMATES FROM LONDON. MY DAD CANT REMEMBER THEIR NAMES. MAYBE YOU CAN HELP.

 

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 The afternoon of 25th July 1940 was a desperate one for the already exhausted fighter pilots of the RAF defending the South coast of England.  As convoy CW8 made its way through the English Channel, sixty JU.87 Stukas and forty JU.88 bombers launched a brutal attack on the ships below, backed up by fighter cover of over 50 Messerscmitt Bf.109s.  Eight Spitfires of 64 Sqn (Kenley) were scrambled, together with twelve Spitfires of 54 Sqn (Hornchurch) and Hurricanes of 111 Sqn from Croydon.  The British pilots found themselves massively outnumbered, but nevertheless put up a spirited fight against the teeming enemy.  This painting shows Spitfires of 54 Sqn entering the fray, the pilots scattering as they choose their targets and go after the JU.87s. To the right of this, Bf.109Es of JG.26 are roaring in to join battle, whilst Adolf Gallands aircraft engages a Hurricane of 111 Sqn.

A Day for Heroes by Ivan Berryman.
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 Whilst flying with A Flight of 85 Squadron on 30th July 1940, Geoffrey Allard encountered a pair of Messerschmitt Bf.110s about 40 miles from the coast, apparently patrolling near a convoy.  After Squadron Leader Townsend, flying  Red 1, had made two unsuccessful attacks, Allard closed to 150 yards and began to fire continuously, eventually closing to just 25 yards, whereupon the starboard engine of the Bf.110 began to disintegrate. This was just one of eight victories that Allard claimed during the Battle of Britain to add to a previous eight that he had scored flying Hurricanes during the Battle of France.

Close Combat by Ivan Berryman. (B)
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 En route to the dams of the Ruhr Valley, the first wave of three specially adapted Avro Lancasters roar across the Dutch wetlands on the night of 16 -17th May 1943 led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson, their mission to breach the Mohne and Eder dams, thus robbing the German war machine of valuable hydro-electric power and disrupting the water supply to the entire area. Carrying their unique, Barnes Wallis designed 'Bouncing Bomb' and flying at just 30m above the ground to avoid radar detection, 617 Squadron's Lancasters forged their way into the enemy territories, following the canals of the Netherlands and flying through forest fire traps below treetop height to their targets. Gibson's aircraft ('G'-George) is nearest with 'M'-Mother of Fl/Lt Hopgood off his port wing and 'P'-Peter (Popsie) of Fl/Lt Martin in the distance.

Dambusters - The First Wave by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
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 Hurricanes of 607 County of Durham Squadron diving down and attacking Heinkels over the Needles on the Isle of Wight, after a raid on the southern coast. 607 squadron were stationed at nearby Tangmere from the start of September 1940 and saw continuous action throughout the Battle of Britain until the 16th October, when it withdrew to Scotland having raised its total victory to 102. Also aiding in the pursuit are Spitfires of 602 City of Glasgow Squadron based at Westhampnett.

Hurricanes Over the Needles by Graeme Lothian. (YB)
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 Flight Lieutenant Paul Binns from 16 Squadron, RAF Coltishall launches the Jaguar into another breathtaking display sequence.

Enter the Saint by Robert Tomlin. (Y)
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 French Armee de L air Curtiss Hawk 75As flown by Czech ace Frantisele Pevina and his squadron Commander Captaine Jean Accaut, dive on unsuspecting Junker Ju87Bs (Stukas) during the Battle of France 1940.

Czech - Mate by David Pentland.
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 Herbert Ihlefelds personal He162 White 23 - the revolutionary Heinkel Peoples Fighter - on patrol with JG1.This aircraft was captured intact and is today preserved in the National Air & Space Museum in Washington DC. <br><br><b>Published 2000.</b>

Jet Interceptor by Nicolas Trudgian. (B)
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 No one will ever know exactly what caused Max Immelmanns demise, but what is known is that his propeller was seen to disintegrate, which caused a series violent oscillations that ripped the Fokker E.III apart, the tail breaking away before the wings folded back, trapping the young German ace in his cockpit. The popular belief is that his interrupter gear malfunctioned, causing him to shoot away part of his own propeller, but British reports attribute Immelmanns loss to the gunnery of Cpl J H Waller from the nose of FE.2b 6346 flown by 2Lt G R McCubbin on Sunday, 18th June 1916. Immelmann was flying the spare E.III 246/16 as his own E.IV had been badly shot up earlier that day.

Immelmanns Last Flight by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
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 As Admiral Nelsons flagship leads the British fleet toward the Franco-Spanish line, Captain Harveys Temeraire tries to pass Victory in order to be the first to break the enemy column.

HMS Victory by Randall Wilson. (Y)
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With her mizzen top already gone and her sails aloft having received severe punishment, Victory breaks through the line behind the French flagship Bucentaure, delivering a shattering broadside into her stern.  So severe was this opening fire that the Bucentaure was effectively put out of the rest of the battle, although Admiral Villeneuve himself was to miraculously survive the carnage.  Beyong Victory can be seen the French Redoubtable, which is receiving fire from Victorys starboard guns, and the Spanish San Leandro is in the extreme distance.  Most of Victorys stunsails have been cut away, but it was her stunsail booms that became entangled with the rigging of the Redoubtable when she put her helm to port and ran onto her.  Admiral Nelson fell shortly afterward, having received a fatal wound from a musket ball fired by a French sharpshooter in Redoubtables mizzen fighting top.  The Temeraire can be seen approaching the fray to the right.

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B0344P. Bismarck Leaving Port by Jason Askew.
Bismarck Leaving Port by Jason Askew. (P)
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HMS Celandine flower class corvette escorting Atlantic convoy in the middle distance the carrier HMS Biter is shown.
HMS Celandine by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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 Admiral Cuthbert Collingwoods flagship the Royal Sovereign comes under intense fire from the black-painted Spanish 3-decker, Santa Ana, and the French 74 Fougueux, just prior to breaking through the Franco-Spanish line at Trafalgar.
HMS Royal Sovereign by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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Having taken terrible punishment from the guns of the allied French and Spanish fleet as she broke through the line, HMS Victory found herself engaged by the French Redoutable, a bitter battle that saw the two ships locked together, pouring shot into one another with terrifying ferocity and which left the British Admiral, Lord Horatio Nelson fatally wounded. In the background, HMS Neptune is emerging through the gunsmoke and is about to pass the wreck of the French flagship Bucentaure which Victory so spectacularly routed as she passed through the allied line. HMS Temeraire, which followed Victory through, and which was also to become embroiled on the Redoutables fight, is obscured by the smoke beyond the British flagship.

The Battle of Trafalgar, 1.00pm by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
Half Price! - £325.00
 Forming part of the Eastern Task Force covering the landings at Normandy in June 1944, the cruiser HMS Mauritius is shown in company with the monitor HMS Roberts and the cruiser HMS Frobisher shelling German batteries at Merville, Houlgate and Benerville as the combined British and American forces embark upon what would become known forever as D-Day.

Operation Neptune by Ivan Berryman (AP)
Half Price! - £25.00
 The German Heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen is depicted in a quiet moment at Gotenhaven in April 1941 whilst engaged in exercises with her consort, the mighty Bismarck that would eventually lead to Operation Rheinubung,. Bismarck herself is alongside in the distance, where final preparations for their foray into the North sea and beyond are being made.

Prinz Eugen by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
Half Price! - £50.00

 

MILITARY PRINTS

Click above to see all of our military art index - Eight random half price military items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Military Art Offers

 A Tiger I and PAK 40 anti tank gun of the Müncheberg Division, field a final defence of the capital in front of the Brandenburg Gate under the shattered remains of the famous Linden trees. The under-strength division had just been formed the previous month from a mixture of ad hoc units and various marks of tank. Despite this it put up a spirited fight until its final destruction in early May.

Tiger at the Gate, Berlin, 30th april 1945 by David Pentland. (GS)
Half Price! - £250.00
 British infantry supported by Warrior armoured vehicles advance into Iraq, February 1991.

The Storm and the Sabre by Simon Smith.
Half Price! - £50.00
 Sturmgeschutz IIIF of Stug Battalion Grossdeutschland, and supporting infantry from GD Regiment 1 battle against Soviet forces defending the strategically important city of Voronezh on the Don. Combined arms operations such as this proved the value of the assault gun, which took a terrible toll on enemy armour and men alike.

Assault on Voronezh, Russia, 2nd - 7th July 1942 by David Pentland. (F)
Half Price! - £120.00
 In his 50s with 30 years experience, who has now attained High Centurian rank and commands the entire 1st Cohort.

Primus Pilus by Chris Collingwood. (Y)
Half Price! - £65.00

 After the fall of the stronghold of Alesia in 52BC, Vercingetorix was the last Gallic Chieftain to submit to Caesar. Vercingetorix is shown arrivng on horseback at the gate of the Roamn fort, with Caesar shown a distance away in the fort. Henri Motte studied under Jean-Leon Gerome, and most of his works were shown at the Salon des Artistes Francais in Paris. His major works were of historical pieces such as this one and Hannibal Crossing the Rhone, both of these receiving a bronze medal at the 1900 Universal Exhibition in Paris. He was awarded Chevalier de la Legion dHonneur in 1892.

Vercingetorix Surrendering to Caesar by Henri-Paul Motte. (Y)
Half Price! - £35.00
Between 18th and 23rd February, 1991, immediately preceding the ground assault, Iraqi defensive positions were bombarded by British and American artillery.  The Artillery Raids took place just inside the Saudi border all along the front line, from the east coast to west of the Wadi al Batin.  The 1st Armoured Division's contribution to the raids was the largest concentration of British artillery since the Second World War.  Further behind the M109 and M110 guns and the locating batteries were the armoured vehicle-mounted rocket launchers of the Multi-Launch Rocket System (MLRS).  39 Heavy Regiment, the only British regiment equipped with MLRS, fired five 'fireplans', one of them at night.  MLRS can ripple-fire 12 rockets in less than one minute.  The Artillery Raids were a major factor in the success of Operation Desert Sword because they contributed to the deception plan by concealing the main point of effort.  The ammunition itself was terrifyingly destructive.  Furthermore, Iraqi morale, already damaged by the air assaults, was crushed by the artillery bombardment.  At the right of the scene a DROPS vehicle of the Royal Corps of Transport is delivering Rocket Pod Containers, and gunners are preparing to re-arm the MLRS.
The Artillery Raids, 18th / 23rd February 1991 by David Rowlands. (GL)
Half Price! - £300.00
 US Marines of the 2nd Battalion, 2nd RCT, 2nd Marine Division, supported by LVTs and tanks, take part in the successful but bloody assault on Betio Island, part of the Tarawa Atoll. Operation Galvanic as it was known became the first step on the island road to Japan itself.

Red Beach Two, Tarawa Atoll, 20th November 1943 by David Pentland. (GL)
Half Price! - £300.00
VAR462.  Royal Artillery Field Batteries Taking up Position by Campion.

Royal Artillery Field Batteries Taking up Position by Campion.
Half Price! - £20.00

 

SPORT PRINTS

Click above to see all of our sport art index - Eight random half price sport items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Sport Art Offers

 The legendary Welsh rugby union captain Gareth Edwards is brought to life in the triple portrait. Gareth Edwards is revered in Wales and considered one of the finest players ever. in part of the montage he is shown going over for a try against England.
Gareth Edwards by Darren Baker. (AP)
Half Price! - £150.00
 Sir Bobby played more than 750 games for Manchester United, scoring 247 goals. He also played 106 times for his country and scored a record 49 goals. One of only two Englishmen to have won World Cup and European Cup medals his name will always remain synonymous with some of the greatest moments in the English game.

Sir Bobby Charlton by Gary Keane. (Y)
Half Price! - £60.00
 England 53 - South Africa 3, Twickenham, Novermber 23rd 2002. England: Robinson, Cohen, Tindall, Greenwood, Christophers, Wilkinson, Dawson, Vickery, Leonard, Thompson, Johnson, Kay, Moody, Back, Hill. (Subs): Dallaglio, Gomersall, Healey, Morris, Regan, Stimpson. Scores: Try - Cohen, 2 Tries - Greenwood, Try - Back, Try - Hill, Try - Dallaglio, Penalty Try, 2 Penalties - Wilkinson, Conversion - Wilkinson, Conversion - Dawson, 2 Conversions - Gomersall, 2 Conversions - Stimpson. <br><br>South Africa: Greef, Paulse, Fleck, James, Lombard, Pretorius, Conradie, Roux, Dalton, Venter, Lambuschagne, Krige, Wannenburg, Van Niekerk. (Subs): Jacobs, Jordaan, Russell, Uys, Van Biljon, Van der Linde, Wentzel. Score : Penalty - Pretorius.

England v South Africa - Investec 2002 by Doug Harker. (Y)
Half Price! - £100.00
 The Minstrel, 1977, Shergar, 1981, Golden Fleece, 1982, .Teenoso, 1983, Reference Point, 1987, Nashwan, 1989.

Derby Winners by Peter Deighan.
Half Price! - £100.00

 Colin Edwards gave Honda racing another victory with an inspired performance during the last race of the season to put rival Troy Bayliss into second place. Bobs painting depicts the typically-aggressive cornering style of the Texas Tornado in his winning leathers as he threw the mighty Honda around the Imola racing circuit.

Down to the Wire by Robert Tomlin.
Half Price! - £60.00
 Jenson Button.  Reanult R202
Young Gun by Michael Thompson.
Half Price! - £30.00
B50. Jean Alesi/ Ferrari 412 by Ivan Berryman.

Jean Alesi/ Ferrari 412 by Ivan Berryman.
Half Price! - £40.00
 David Coulthard. McLaren Mercedes MP4/13
A Scottish Gentleman by Michael Thompson.
Half Price! - £25.00

Everything we obtain for this site is shown on the site, we do not have any more photos, crew lists or further information on any of the ships.

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