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Monarch Class.   Photographs and history of the battleships of the Monarch Class of the Austro-Hungarian Navy.  Class includes Monarch, Wien and Budapest.  The new naval programme by the director of naval construction Siegrfried Popper.  This class of coastal defence ships was the first to use turrets.
Monarch 9th May 1895 The crew mutinied in February 1918 and from April that year she was an accommodation ship. Given to Britain in 1920 and scrapped in Italy.
Wien 6th July 1895 Sunk by torpedoes on 10th December 1917.
Budapest 27th April 1896 Became accommodation ship in 1918. Given to Britain in 1920 and scrapped in Italy.
 

Displacement (standard): 5878 t .   Length*width*draft: 99,22*17*6,6 m .   Output: 8500 HP (9180 HP for Budapest) Speed: 15,5 kn (17,5 kn for Budapest) .   Range: 2200 miles Armament: 4*240 mm L/40, 6*150 mm L/40, 10*47 mm L/44, 4x47 mm L/33, 1*8 mm MG, 2*450 mm TT Armour: 270 mm belt, 60 mm deck, 220 mm tower Crew: 423

In the 1890s Austria-Hungary had only 2 obsolescent battleships (the Rudolph and Stephanie). In 1893 Sterneck, the commander-in-chief of the navy, could acquire enough funds to build three new, powerful ships. But the two parliaments only agreed to smaller, so-called coastal defence battleships. They expressed so, that Austria-Hungary was not interested in conquering colonies, and that the country only wanted to defend himself. The three ships were not identical, the Budapest received more modern and more powerful engines. It was planed, that after the commission of the Tegetthoff-class these ships had to be scrapped, but since the war broke out, they remained in service.  

The Budapest and the Wien were built at Stabilimento Tecnico Trietino in Trieste, the Monarch at the Naval Arsenal Pola.

Class history contributed by Alex Lakatos

Budapest

Laid down: 16.02.1893. Launched: 24.07.1896.   Commissioned: 12.05.1898.

The Budapest made 1899 a voyage to the eastern Mediterranean. When the war broke out she was allocated to training duties, and served mostly as an artillery training ship and a swimming battery. On 28.12.1915 she was part of the screening detachment for the cruisers and destroyers engaged in the Battle of Durazzo, but the detachment finally returned to port without firing one shot. On 09.01.1916 she bombarded the batteries on the mountain Lovcen, and she had a great part in the capture of this enemy fortress. In 1917 the ship was relocated from Cattaro to the northern front, where she bombarded the Italian ground troops several times. So on 16.11.1917, when she duelled with batteries on the Cortelazzo, and also Italian torpedo boats and MTBs attacked. In this engagement she only suffered minor damage. On 09.12.1917 the Italians attempted to sink her in the harbour of Trieste, but the torpedoes fired at her missed. In June of 1918 she received an 380 mm L/17 howitzer instead of her bow turret for coastal bombardment.

After the war she was handed over to the UK, and was subsequently scrapped.

Ship history contributed by Alex Lakatos

Wien

Laid down: 16.02.1893.  Launched: 07.07.1895.   Commissioned: 13.05.1897.

The Wien participated 1897 on the ceremony for the 60. jubille of the crowing of Queen Victoria. Later she was part of the international blockade off Crete. In 1899 she made a voyage to the eastern Mediterranean. When the war broke out she was allocated to training duties, and served mostly as an artillery training ship and a swimming battery. In late 1917 she was relocated to Trieste, and bombarded the Italian troops several times. On 16.11.1917. she received 7 hits, but suffered only minor damage. On 09.12.1917 the Italians tried to sink both very dangerous coastal defence ships in their port by MTBs. The MAS-9 and MAS-13 entered port unnoticed, and fired their torpedoes. At 02:32 the Wien received two torpedo-hits, sank within five minutes. 46 men perished.

Ship history contributed by Alex Lakatos

Monarch

Laid down: 31.07.1893.   Launched: 09.05.1895.   Commissioned: 11.05.1898.

The Monarch was the flagship of her division, known as the 5th BattDiv. She made 1899 a voyage to the eastern Mediterranean. When the war broke out she was allocated to training duties, and served mostly as an artillery training ship and a swimming battery. In late 1914 she bombarded the radio station, the barracks and several other targets at Volonica. After this she served mostly as harbour defence ship.

After the war she was handed over to the UK, and was subsequently scrapped.

Ship history contributed by Alex Lakatos

 

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AVIATION PRINTS

Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

 Flight Lieutenant Paul Binns from 16 Squadron, RAF Coltishall launches the Jaguar into another breathtaking display sequence.

Enter the Saint by Robert Tomlin. (Y)
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 Flt. Lt. John Alexander Cruickshank in his consolidated Catalina. Winning his Victoria Cross for sinking U-347.

Sinking of U-Boat 347 by Tim Fisher.
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 A pair of Fw190F fighters during the winter of 1943. The Fw190F and G had become the Luftwaffes standard fighter-bomber for ground attack.  The Fw190F was very effective in this role. Additional armour protection was given to ground-attack variants and the G version also could carry a single 4,000-pound (1,800-kg) bomb or numbers of smaller bombs. The Fw190 was also used as a successful night fighter during the autumn and early winter of 1943–44, using conventional daylight methods to attack RAF bombers after searchlights had illuminated them.

Fw190F Fighters - Winter 1943 by Ivan Berryman.
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RAF Pathfinder founder and Commander signs print featuring the four engined Halifax bomber.

Halifax Legend by Robert Taylor
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 Wing Commander J R Baldwin is depicted flying Typhoon MN934 whilst commanding 146 Wing, 84 Group operating from Needs Oar Point in 1944, en route to a bombing raid on 20th June with other Typhoons of 257 Sqn in which both ends of a railway tunnel full of German supplies were successfully sealed.

Typhoons Over Normandy by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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 After service in the 96th Infantry Regiment, Smirnov joined the XIX Corps Air Squadron in 1914, shooting down twelve enemy aircraft in the course of two years. When revolution swept through Russia in November 1917, he escaped the Bolsheviks via a White counter-revolutionary route, eventually joining the RAF in England, serving at the Central Flying School at Upavon. He is shown here in his silver Nieuport 17, having just despatched a Roland C.II.

Captain Ivan Smirnov by Ivan Berryman.
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 Wing Commander Roland Beamont in his personal Tempest V, intercepted and downed his first V1 Buzzbomb on the night of June 22nd, 1944, over south east England. As Commander of 150 wing and others he went on to shoot down a total of 30 V1 flying bombs, 8 enemy aircraft and 35 locomotives destroyed plus one minesweeper sunk.
A Buzz for Beamont by David Pentland. (Y)
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  D for Donald of 270 squadron, Royal Air Force, out of Freetown, West Africa operating in the Atlantic Ocean. It was during routine operation search that D for Donald surprised U515 on the surface and immediately attacked the submarine. U515 in putting up stiff resistance blew a large hole in the hull of D for Donald and the magazine of the starboard side 0.5 twin Browning was hit and the subsequent shrapnel wounded both blister gunners. U515 escaped but was sunk by an American naval hunter group a year later. D for Donald limped back to base and managed to make the beach before it would sink completely.
Catalina Attack by John Wynne Hopkins (B)
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NAVAL PRINTS

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 The Dido class cruiser HMS Naiad is pictured together with the cruiser HMS Leander during the encounter with the French Guepard in 1941 whilst they were both engaged in operations against the Vichy-French forces in Syria.

HMS Naiad by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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Showing visible signs of her tangle with British cruisers at the Battle of the River Plate, the German pocket battleship Graf Spee slips into the neutral waters of the Montevideo roadstead accompanied by the Uruguayan gunboat Rio Negro for light repairs. (Damage can be seen on the hull and behind the Conning tower ) . This was to be the last haven for the Graf Spee which was later scuttled at the harbour mouth, her commander Kapitan zur See Langsdorff believing a large British fleet to be waiting for attempted escape into the South Atlantic.

Admiral Graf Spee enters Montevideo by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
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 Arguably the most iconic moment in British naval history, <i>HMS Victory</i> is depicted just moments from firing her devastating opening salvo into the stern galleries of the French flagship </i>Bucentaure</i> at Trafalgar as Nelson's flagship enters the fray at approximately 12.30pm on October 21st 1805.  Beyond <i>Victory</i>, in the extreme distance through the gun smoke, Collingwood's <i>Royal Sovereign</i>is engaging the <i>Santa Ana</i>.  To the left of the painting, the French <i>Neptune</i> and Spanish <i>San Justo</i> can be seen with <i>Redoutable</i> immediately beyond <i>Victory</i>, trying vainly to close the gap.  <i>Victory</i>, already shot to pieces, is about to wreak her terrible revenge on the <i>Bucentaure</i> in the foreground where Vice-Admiral Villeneuve can be seen on the poop deck - wearing the green corduroy pantaloons.  Nelson was surely the nemesis of Villeneuve, who had been summarily humiliated some seven years earlier at the Battle of the Nile and Nelson's tactics would again win the day for His Majesty's navy, albeit at the tragic cost of Nelson himself.

Nemesis by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 Launched on 3rd November 1986 and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 14th January 1989, HMS Trenchant (S91) was the fifth of the Trafalgar class nuclear powered submarines and was the first Royal Navy vessel to fire the Block IV Tomahawk cruise missile.  In addition to her complement of missiles, she is also equipped with Spearfish torpedoes and some of the most sophisticated data acquisition and underwater detection systems which allow her to monitor surface vessels undetected.

HMS Trenchant by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 Developed from the Supermarine Seagull, the Walrus was to prove itself a useful and capable workhorse in almost every theatre of the Second World War. Here, HMS Rodney despatches her Shagbat from the catapult atop C turret.

Ships Company by Ivan Berryman (Y)
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 Type 21 frigate HMS Ambuscade (F172) is shown passing the swing bridge as she enters Taranto Harbour.

HMS Ambuscade by Ivan Berryman (P)
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 17th February 1943, U-201 with U-69 were ordered to intercept the westbound convoy ONS165. With fuel low U-201 was eventually forced to surface following a depth charge attack and rammed by the Destroyer HMS Fame.

U-201 Deadly Chase by Anthony Saunders. (Y)
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 HMS Hood readies to fire off a what proved to be the final salvo against the Bismarck before a shell from the German battleship penetrated the magazine of HMS Hood, tearing apart the British ship in an enormous explosion.

The Final Salvo - HMS Hood by Anthony Saunders. (P)
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MILITARY PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Military Art Offers

Rome AD52, Gladiatorial Combat under the eyes of the Emperor Claudius (actual name, Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero) a great supporter of the games. Seen are the Net and Trident fighter Retiarius matched with a more heavily armed Mirmillone, whilst in the background a successful Secutor seeks permission for the killing stroke.

Morituri Te Saluttant (For Those About to Die Salute You) by Chris Collingwood (GL)
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 The charge of the Scots Greys with the Gordon Highlanders holding onto the stirrups. Although this is a point of argument as to the improbability, both regiments concur that this action did happen.

Gordons and Greys to the Front by Stanley Berkeley. (Y)
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MARK2. Original Oil Study of the Union Brigade painting by Mark Churms.
Original Oil Study of the Union Brigade painting by Mark Churms. (P)
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DHM1432.  Flora MacDonalds Farewell to Bonnie Prince Charlie by George William Joy.
Flora MacDonalds Farewell to Bonnie Prince Charlie by George William Joy.
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 Panzer IIs and IIIs of the African Korps, 15th Panzer Division drive towards Arcoma during the epic battles for the Gazala line.

Battle for Gazala by David Pentland. (GL)
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 Helmand Province, Afghanistan, July 2009.  Troops of the 2nd Mercian Regiment 19th Light Brigade engaged on compound searches during Operation Panchai Palang.

Green Zone Patrol by David Pentland. (AP)
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The story of the SAS through all major theatres they were involved in. From the start, North Africa 1941, Malaya 1952-1956, Borneo1965-1966, Aden 1967, Oman 1971-1976, Iranian Embassy 1980, Falklands Conflict 1982, Iraq 1991. The middle area shows Col. D. Stirling DSO, and the four single figures depict the different section, Boat, Mountain, Air and Mobility.

The SAS Full Circle by Graeme Lothian. (P)
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DHM807P.  Assiniboin Warrior by Alan Herriot.

Assiniboin Warrior by Alan Herriot  (P)
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SPORT PRINTS

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SPC5003. Rory Underwood by Rodger Towers.

Rory Underwood by Rodger Towers.
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Champion racing horse West Tip at Cheltenham race course.

West Tip by Mark Churms.
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 The English football team for 2002.
England by Peter Deighan.
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This montage shows Trigger winning the Goodwood Cup in 1995, 1997 and 1998.

Double Trigger by Stephen Smith.
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SFA19.  Laytown Beach by Chris Howells.
Laytown Beach by Chris Howells.
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Jason Leonard by Robert Highton. (Y)
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Europe 18.5 - 9.5 USA.  The K Club, Straffan, Co. Kildare, Ireland, 22-24 September 2006. <br><br>Europe; Ian Woosnam - captain - Colin Montgomerie, Darren Clarke, Luke Donald, David Howell, Sergio Garcia, Paul McGinley, Lee Westwood, Paul Casey, Jose Maria Olazabel, Robert Karlsson, Padraig Harrington, Henrik Stenson. <br><br>USA; Tom Lehman - captain - Tiger Woods, Phil Mickelson, JJ Henry, David Tomms, Brett Wetterick, Stewart Cink, Jim Furyk, Chad Campbell, Chris DiMarco, Vaughan Taylor, Zach Johnson, Scott Verplank.
36th Ryder Cup 2006 by James Owen.
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SFA7.  Galileo by Stephen Smith.

Galileo by Stephen Smith.
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Everything we obtain for this site is shown on the site, we do not have any more photos, crew lists or further information on any of the ships.

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