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Monarch Class.   Photographs and history of the battleships of the Monarch Class of the Austro-Hungarian Navy.  Class includes Monarch, Wien and Budapest.  The new naval programme by the director of naval construction Siegrfried Popper.  This class of coastal defence ships was the first to use turrets.
Monarch 9th May 1895 The crew mutinied in February 1918 and from April that year she was an accommodation ship. Given to Britain in 1920 and scrapped in Italy.
Wien 6th July 1895 Sunk by torpedoes on 10th December 1917.
Budapest 27th April 1896 Became accommodation ship in 1918. Given to Britain in 1920 and scrapped in Italy.
 

Displacement (standard): 5878 t .   Length*width*draft: 99,22*17*6,6 m .   Output: 8500 HP (9180 HP for Budapest) Speed: 15,5 kn (17,5 kn for Budapest) .   Range: 2200 miles Armament: 4*240 mm L/40, 6*150 mm L/40, 10*47 mm L/44, 4x47 mm L/33, 1*8 mm MG, 2*450 mm TT Armour: 270 mm belt, 60 mm deck, 220 mm tower Crew: 423

In the 1890s Austria-Hungary had only 2 obsolescent battleships (the Rudolph and Stephanie). In 1893 Sterneck, the commander-in-chief of the navy, could acquire enough funds to build three new, powerful ships. But the two parliaments only agreed to smaller, so-called coastal defence battleships. They expressed so, that Austria-Hungary was not interested in conquering colonies, and that the country only wanted to defend himself. The three ships were not identical, the Budapest received more modern and more powerful engines. It was planed, that after the commission of the Tegetthoff-class these ships had to be scrapped, but since the war broke out, they remained in service.  

The Budapest and the Wien were built at Stabilimento Tecnico Trietino in Trieste, the Monarch at the Naval Arsenal Pola.

Class history contributed by Alex Lakatos

Budapest

Laid down: 16.02.1893. Launched: 24.07.1896.   Commissioned: 12.05.1898.

The Budapest made 1899 a voyage to the eastern Mediterranean. When the war broke out she was allocated to training duties, and served mostly as an artillery training ship and a swimming battery. On 28.12.1915 she was part of the screening detachment for the cruisers and destroyers engaged in the Battle of Durazzo, but the detachment finally returned to port without firing one shot. On 09.01.1916 she bombarded the batteries on the mountain Lovcen, and she had a great part in the capture of this enemy fortress. In 1917 the ship was relocated from Cattaro to the northern front, where she bombarded the Italian ground troops several times. So on 16.11.1917, when she duelled with batteries on the Cortelazzo, and also Italian torpedo boats and MTBs attacked. In this engagement she only suffered minor damage. On 09.12.1917 the Italians attempted to sink her in the harbour of Trieste, but the torpedoes fired at her missed. In June of 1918 she received an 380 mm L/17 howitzer instead of her bow turret for coastal bombardment.

After the war she was handed over to the UK, and was subsequently scrapped.

Ship history contributed by Alex Lakatos

Wien

Laid down: 16.02.1893.  Launched: 07.07.1895.   Commissioned: 13.05.1897.

The Wien participated 1897 on the ceremony for the 60. jubille of the crowing of Queen Victoria. Later she was part of the international blockade off Crete. In 1899 she made a voyage to the eastern Mediterranean. When the war broke out she was allocated to training duties, and served mostly as an artillery training ship and a swimming battery. In late 1917 she was relocated to Trieste, and bombarded the Italian troops several times. On 16.11.1917. she received 7 hits, but suffered only minor damage. On 09.12.1917 the Italians tried to sink both very dangerous coastal defence ships in their port by MTBs. The MAS-9 and MAS-13 entered port unnoticed, and fired their torpedoes. At 02:32 the Wien received two torpedo-hits, sank within five minutes. 46 men perished.

Ship history contributed by Alex Lakatos

Monarch

Laid down: 31.07.1893.   Launched: 09.05.1895.   Commissioned: 11.05.1898.

The Monarch was the flagship of her division, known as the 5th BattDiv. She made 1899 a voyage to the eastern Mediterranean. When the war broke out she was allocated to training duties, and served mostly as an artillery training ship and a swimming battery. In late 1914 she bombarded the radio station, the barracks and several other targets at Volonica. After this she served mostly as harbour defence ship.

After the war she was handed over to the UK, and was subsequently scrapped.

Ship history contributed by Alex Lakatos

 

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AVIATION PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

 Almost every major invasion that took place in Europe in World War II began with para drops, and in almost every case the C-47 was the aircraft that delivered these elite fighting troops. Few C-47 pilots had more combat experience than Sid Harwell, seen flying his Dakota in this typical action scene, dropping airborne troops into occupied Europe soon after D-Day. No matter what resistance he encountered, the good C-47 pilot put his aircraft right over the Dropping Zone, every time.
Invasion Force by Nicolas Trudgian. (Y)
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 A pair of Spitfire Mk.IXEs of 611 Squadron make their way home from a patrol during the summer of 1942. At this time 611 Squadron were based at Kenley and were the first squadron to receive the new Mk.IX putting it on equal terms, for the first time, with the formidable Focke-Wulf 190.

Spitfire Mk.IXE by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
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 Fokker DR.1 Triplane 425/17 of Manfred von Richthofen, accompanied by a Fokker. D.VII wingman, swoops from a high patrol early in 1918. 425/17 was the aircraft in which the Red Baron finally met his end in April of that year, no fewer than 17 of his victories having been scored in his red-painted triplane.

Final Days by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 Erich Lowenhardt was already the holder of the Knights Cross 1st and 2nd Class for acts of bravery even before becoming a pilot. After serving as an observer for a year, he was eventually posted to Jasta 10 in 1917 where he immediately began to score victories, sending down balloons and enemy aircraft at a fearsome rate. He was appointed Commander of Jasta 10 one week before his 21st birthday, making him one the youngest pilots to rise to such a rank in the German Army Air Service. He continued to increase his score steadily throughout 1917 and 1918, but was involved in a mid-air collision with a Jasta 11 aircraft on 10th August. Lowenhardt elected to abandon his aircraft, but his parachute failed to deploy and the young ace fell to his death. He flew a number of aircraft, but this yellow-fuselaged Fokker D.VII was his most distinctive and is believed to be the aircraft in which he was killed. His final victory total was 54.

Oberleutnant Erich Lowenhardt by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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 Developed from the Supermarine Seagull, the Walrus was to prove itself a useful and capable workhorse in almost every theatre of the Second World War. Here, HMS Rodney despatches her Shagbat from the catapult atop C turret.

Ships Company by Ivan Berryman (Y)
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 George Beurling in Spitfire VC BR301 in action against a Macchi 202 over Malta in 1942.

Victory Over Malta†by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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DHM265. Desert Prang by Geoff Lea.

Desert Prang by Geoff Lea.
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 Douglas C-47s of the 439th Troop Carrier Group, 94th Troop Carrier Squadron, approach the Drop Zone above Normandy on the night of 5th / 6th June 1944 at the start of Operation Overlord.

Drop Zone Ahead by Ivan Berryman.
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NAVAL PRINTS

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 Showing visible signs of her tangle with British cruisers at the Battle of the River Plate, the German pocket battleship Graf Spee slips into the neutral waters of the Montevideo roadstead for light repairs.  This was to be the last haven for the Graf Spee which was later scuttled at the harbour mouth, her commander Kapitan zur See Langsdorff believing a large British fleet to be waiting for attempted escape into the South Atlantic.

Admiral Graf Spee by Ivan Berryman.
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B216AP.  HMS Colossus by Ivan Berryman.  Together with her sister ship, Hercules, HMS Colossus acquitted herself well at the Battle of Jutland where she fired 93 12in rounds, but received only two hits from enemy fire which caused minor damage and left nine crew injured.  She was sold for scrap in 1928.

HMS Colossus by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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HMS Ark Royal after a recent refit, rejoins the fleet in 2001.

HMS Ark Royal by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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 Fully dressed and resplendent, HMS Hood is pictured preparing for King George Vs review of the Fleet in July 1935 as other capital ships take up their positions around her. Ramillies can be seen off Hoods port bow, Resolution astern, whilst just beyond her boat deck, the mighty Nelson gently nudges into position.

HMS Hood by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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HMS Glowworm, burning severely after receiving hits from the mighty Admiral Hipper, is depicted turning to begin her heroic sacrifice off the Norwegian coast on 8th April 1940. Hugely out-gunned and already crippled, Glowworms captain, Lieutenant-Commander Roope rammed his destroyer into the side of the Admiral Hipper, inflicting a 40 metre rip in its armour belt before drifting away and exploding. 38 British sailors were rescued from the sea and Roope was awarded a posthumous VC for his bravery, the first earned by the Royal Navy in WWII.

HMS Glowworms Attack on the Admiral Hipper by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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 HMS Prince of Wales is shown firing on the Bismarck and in the background a huge black cloud is all that is left of HMS Hood.

HMS Prince of Wales by Brian Wood (P)
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 The greatest naval battle of the First World War took place on the 31st of May and the 1st of June 1916, near the Danish province of Jutland.  It was the first and only sea battle between the British and German fleets, and certainly proved to be the clash of the Titans that the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, had long planned.  Decisive victory was claimed by both sides, but, desperately fought though it was, the outcome was indecisive.  The Royal Navy suffered higher losses in both men and ships, but the German fleet never ventured out of harbour to seek battle again.  During the daylight fighting HMS Barham, under Rear Admiral Evan-Thomas, lead the 5th Battle Squadron (Valiant, Warspite and Malaya) and is seen here at 4.50pm exchanging with Hippers battle-cruisers to the south.

HMS Barham leads the 5th Battle Squadon at Jutland by Anthony Saunders.
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HMS Eagle and the commando carrier HMS Albion during the withdrawal from Aden in November 1967.  One of HMS Eagles Sea Vixen is passing overhead and RFA Stromness is at anchor in the distance.

HMS Eagle and HMS Albion by Ivan Berryman.
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MILITARY PRINTS

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Painting commissioned for a major book publisher around 189 - 1990 for a novel cover.

US soldiers during winter in the Korean War by Chris Collingwood.
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As the French regiment man the postion while under heavy attack, a French drummer boy and soldier are seen attending the wounded mascot dog of the regiment.
The Dog of the Regiment is Wounded by Horace Vernet. (Y)
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DHM557P.  2nd Virginia Cavalry 1861, by Jim Lancia.
2nd Virginia Cavalry 1861, by Jim Lancia (P)
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The battle of Inkerman, during the Crimean War, British and French victory over the Russian Empire.

The 20th Foot at the Battle of Inkerman, 5th November 1854 by David Rowlands (B)
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German Stosstruppen of the 18th Army, having broken through the British lines near St Quentin, engage secondary trench lines occupied by men of the 9th Battalion Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (36th Ulster Division) . Similar attacks occurred right across the BEFs front, where the new tactics of short bombardments, infiltration, close air support, and non persistent gas had ripped open the British lines.

The Kaisers Battle, Operation Michael, France, 21st March 1918 by David Pentland. (GL)
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 So Tell The Spartans, Stranger passing by that here, Obedient to their laws, we lie.   In 480 BC the Spartans tried to defend the pass at Thermopylae against the Persians led by Xerxes.  The Persian fleet had sailed along the coastline from northern Greece into the Gulf of Malia on the eastern Aegean Sea towards the mountains at Thermopylae. The Greek General and King Leonidas led the Greeks  and tried to defend the pass of Thermopylae.  All the defending Spartans were killed during the Battle of Thermopylae. Their defence and courage provided inspiration to the Greeks, and the following year the Greeks won battles against their old enemy the Persians.

Thermopylae 480BC, Spartan and Thespaian Hoplites. By Chris Collingwood. (GM)
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The younger Charles, after escaping the Worcester rout, is hiding in a pollard oak, with the Roundheads hunting for him.
The Boscobol Oak, By Ernest Crofts. (Y)
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 A Tiger (P) Ferdinand, 7th Company, 654th Schwere Panzerjager Abteilung passes a knocked out Soviet Su122 on the German advance towards the village of Ponyri.  The fighting around this small agricultural settlement was some of the most savage of the entire battle.

The Battle for Ponyri Station, Kursk, 9th July 1943†by David Pentland.
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SPORT PRINTS

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Jenson Button - Canada 2011 by Stephen Doig. (P)
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Jason Leonard by Robert Highton. (Y)
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SPC5002. Jeremy Guscott by Robert Highton.

Jeremy Guscott by Robert Highton.
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Whilst flat-racing enthusiasts may argue which horse was the best Derby Winner, artist Peter Deighan was deciding for himself, he made a short list of six.  His canvas entitled Derby Winners depicts these six. They include the great Shergar, who ran the fastest Derby in history and won by a record ten lengths.  Also included are Golden Fleece, Reference Point, Teenoso, The Minstrel and the fantastic Nashwan.  Any of these could be classified as the greatest.

Derby Winners by Peter Deighan.
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DB006. Michael Schumacher by Darren Baker.
Michael Schumacher by Darren Baker.
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 In 1992 Matthew graduated in Geography from St. Catherine's College, Oxford, where he was President of the Oxford Rowing Club.  He took part in the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race in 1990 and 1991, when Oxford beat Cambridge by substantial distances.  Also in 1992, at the age of only 21, Matthew had his first taste of Olympic success, when in a coxless pair with partner Sir Steve Redgrave, he won the gold medal at the Barcelona Olympics.  Prior to that Olympic win he and Redgrave had enjoyed an unbeaten international season, and it was already obvious that Matthew was developing to become one of the world's greatest oarsmen.  At the Atlanta Olympics in 1996 the Pinsent / Redgrave duo won another gold medal and throughout the nineties their outstanding combination also brought them seven world championship golds.  Their unbroken run of success continued through to the millennium Olympic games in Sydney when Pinsent, again with Redgrave (now in a coxless four with James Cracknell and Tim Foster) again triumphed earning Pinsent his third Olympic gold medal.  The race in which he did it was voted Britain's greatest sporting moment and the crew secured themselves a very special place in the heart of the nation.  After Sydney, Matthew formed a seemingly invincible coxless pair partnership with James Cracknell MBE.  Undefeated throughout 2001, they went on to complete a unique feat in the history of rowing, by winning the coxless pair at the world championships in Lucerne, a mere two hours after winning the coxed pairs.  In the 2002 world championships in Seville they defended their coxless pairs title, beating an experienced Australian crew who had beaten them in Lucerne earlier in the year and breaking the world record by 4 seconds in the process.  On Saturday 21st August 2004 at the Athens Olympic games, Matthew Pinsent CBE entered Olympic history.  In one of the classic sporting moments of all time, he led the Great Britain coxless four to victory over the Canadian world champions by only eight hundredths of a second.  Matthew was awarded the MBE in the 1993 New Year's Honours List and the CBE in the New Year's Honours List 2003.  In the 2005 New Year's Honours List he was awarded a knighthood.

Sir Matthew Pinsent CBE by James Owen.
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SFA7.  Galileo by Stephen Smith.

Galileo by Stephen Smith.
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FAR999. The Wild Card by Derrick Mark.
The Wild Card by Derrick Mark.
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