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L'histoire navale du cuirassé francais Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud et Voltaire, depuis son chaloupe et les événements importants de sa vie.

The Danton class French battleships included Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud and Voltaire. These French battleships were the first to be completed with turbine engines, Designed by L'Homme as part of hte 1906 naval programme. They  saw service during the first world war.

Displacement: 18,318 tons normal ,  19,800 tons full load. Speed: 19.2 knots.  range: 3,370 nautical mile at 10 knots. Compliment: 920 to 923 during wartime (681 peacetime).  Armament: Four 12 - inch Guns  Twelve 9.4-inch guns (240mm)  Sixteen  75mm   Ten  47mm. (these were only added during wartime) Two 17.7-inch Torpedo tubes submerged.

Condorcet.   Built by A C de la Loire at St Nazire and launched on the 20th August 1909, completed 25th July 1911.  and commissioned on the 1st  October 1911. At the outbreak of world war one  Condorcet was part of the First squadron of the French fleet were stationed in Greek waters and the Adriatic and it was there that Condorcet along with her sister ships sunk the Austro-Hungarian cruiser Zenta on the 16th August 1914.   She remained in Greek waters until the end of World war One.  In 1931, after her deletion form the French naval squadrons, she became a depot ship for the Torpedo school, while serving in this role she was fitted with some deck torpedo tubes. She finally was hulked and became a barrack ship in Toulon, ion the 27th November 1942 she was damaged by an explosion but remained afloat. and after occupation by the German she was used by the German Navy as a barrack shop, An allied air raid in August 1944 seriously damaged  the German navy sunk her  in shallow waters, She was re-floated in September 1944 and sold for breaking up on 14th December 1945.

Danton   Built by Arsenal de Brest and launched 4th June 1909, completed and commissioned  1st June 1911.  At the outbreak of world war one, Danton was serving with the 1st Fleet in the Mediterranean  in Greek waters with her sister ships, but on the 19th March 1917, she was torpedoed and sunk by U-64 off the coast of Sardinia

Diderot:  Built by A C de la Loire at St Naziare. and launched 19th March 1909 and completed 1 August 1911.   Served with the 1st Feet at the outbreak of world war one and serve din the Mediterranean with her sister ships,  Joined thru Aegean Sea squadron in 1918 barring a expected Central powers break out from the Dardanelle's, also part of the Allied fleets at Constantinople on the 13th November 1918. and finally scrapped in 1937.

MIRABEAU.  Built by Arsenal de Lorient and launched on the 28th October 1909 completed 1st August 1911. joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration and fired four shells which landed near the royal palace, this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Vergniaud went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol. on the 13th February she ran aground in a snow storm off the Crimean Coast. After removing the forward turret along with the barbette and armour, she was salvaged in April 1919. after this she was used for experimental work  including being used as a target  during 1921 and 1922. until finally being scrapped in 1928 

VERGNIAD.  Built by C De la Gironde at Bordeaux and launched 12th march 1910 and completed 22nd September 1911.  Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Mirabeau went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol.  After service with the french Fleet she was used for experiments from October 1921 until being scrapped and broken up in October 1929

VOLTAIRE.  Built by F C de la Mediterranee at La Seyne. and launched 16th January 1909 and completed 1st August 1911. Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause.  On October 11th 1918 she was hit by two torpedoes  from  U48  but not seriously damaged. she was stricken form the navy in 1935 finally being broken up in 1938.

Condorcet 20th August 1909 Taken off the list in 1931.
Danton 4th July 1909 Sunk by torpedo from U64 on 19th March 1917.
Diderot 19th April 1909 Broken up in 1937.
Mirabeau 28th October 1909 Salvaged after grounding herself in February 1919 and then used for target.
Vergniaud 12th April 1910 Taken off list in 1921 and used for target practice until 1926 Sold in 1927 and broken up for scrap in 1929.
Voltaire 16th January 1909 Torpedoed twice by UB48 on 10th October but was not sunk. Taken off list in 1935 and scrapped 1939.

Condorcet

Condorcet

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet

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French battleship Condorcet and a British Destroyer in port.

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Condorcet.  Contributed by Colin White

Mirabeau

Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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French Battleship Mirabeau.  Sent in by George Needham

Mirabeau.  Sent in by Jean Gillet.

Vergniaud

The launch of Vergniaud, 12th April 1910

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Vergniaud.

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Vergniaud.

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Voltaire

Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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AVIATION PRINTS

Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

  B-17G 42-37755 NV-A 325th Bomb Squadron, 92nd Bomb Group from Poddington crash landing in Switzerland on 25th February 1944 after sustaining damage over enemy territory after a raid on Augsburg and Stuttgart.

Safe Pastures by Mark Postlethwaite.
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 Adolf Galland hunts down another victim on a raid over the English Channel during the Battle of Britain.

Adolf Galland by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 En route to the dams of the Ruhr Valley, the first wave of three specially adapted Avro Lancasters roar across the Dutch wetlands on the night of 16 -17th May 1943 led by Wing Commander Guy Gibson, their mission to breach the Mohne and Eder dams, thus robbing the German war machine of valuable hydro-electric power and disrupting the water supply to the entire area. Carrying their unique, Barnes Wallis designed 'Bouncing Bomb' and flying at just 30m above the ground to avoid radar detection, 617 Squadron's Lancasters forged their way into the enemy territories, following the canals of the Netherlands and flying through forest fire traps below treetop height to their targets. Gibson's aircraft ('G'-George) is nearest with 'M'-Mother of Fl/Lt Hopgood off his port wing and 'P'-Peter (Popsie) of Fl/Lt Martin in the distance.

Dambusters - The First Wave by Ivan Berryman. (Y)
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 US Air Force F15 Eagle over flys British Challenger Tank during the Gulf War.
Gulf Buddies by Geoff Lea.
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 Routine, though essential, maintenance is carried out on a 501 Sqn Hurricane at the height of the Battle of Britain during the Summer of 1940.  Hurricane P3059 <i>SD-N</i> in the background is the aircraft of Group Captain Byron Duckenfield.

Ground Force by Ivan Berryman. (B)
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 Squadron Leader J R Baldwin passes above a section of Mulberry Harbour near Arromanches, late in June 1944, his personalised Hawker Typhoon bearing the codes JBII.

JBII - Hawker Typhoon of Wing Commander J R Baldwin by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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A pair of 272 Squadron Bristol Beaufighters roar over the extensively rebuilt battleship HMS Valiant as she lies at anchor at Alexandria late in 1941, accompanied by the cruiser HMS Phoebe and Valiants sister ship HMS Queen Elizabeth (in the extreme distance)

HMS Valiant and HMS Phoebe at Alexandria, 1941 by Ivan Berryman (P)
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 The Sopwith Camel was with the mainstay of the Royal Flying Corps.  It is shown here downing an Albatros over the Western Front.

Sopwith Camel by Anthony Saunders. (P)
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NAVAL PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Naval Art Offers

 Skuas flew from HMS Ark Royal through much of the 1940 campaign off Norway, and one is seen getting airborne in typically grey North Sea weather. The Blackburn Skua had many remarkable firsts to its credit; the first all-metal monoplane built for the Fleet Air Arm (FAA); the first dive bomber in British air services; the first enemy aircraft shot down in WW2 fell to a Skua; the first fighter ace in the FAA (Lt. Bill Lucy DSO) flew Skuas and the first warship (Konigsberg) destroyed by dive bombing was sunk by Skuas.
Supreme Courage by Philip West. (Y)
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 Viewed from beneath the blistered guns of the damaged X and Y turrets of her sister HMS Ajax, Achilles come sunder fire from the pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee during what was to become known as the Battle of the River Plate on the 13th December 1939. Shells from Achilles are closing on her opponent as the Graf Spee alters course at the start of the doomed battleships flight to Montevideo.

The Pursuit of the Graf Spee by Ivan Berryman.
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 The Dido class cruiser HMS Naiad is pictured together with the cruiser HMS Leander during the encounter with the French Guepard in 1941 whilst they were both engaged in operations against the Vichy-French forces in Syria.

HMS Naiad by Ivan Berryman.
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 The largest and fastest of all the ships that took part in the Battle of Jutland, the elegant battle cruiser HMS Tiger was launched in 1913 and is easily recognisable by the unusual position of Q turret just aft of the third funnel, She is shown about  to pass beneath the Forth Bridge as she departs Rosyth for a sea trial

HMS Tiger by Ivan Berryman
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 HMS Benbow was completed in 1914, built by Beardmore (launched 12th November 1913). On the 10th of December she joined the Grand Fleet serving with the 4th Battle squadron. She was the flagship to Admiral Douglas Gamble until he was replaced in February 1915 by Sir Doveton Sturdee. During  the Battle of Jutland. she suffered no damage. After the war she served from 1919 in the Mediterranean providing Gun fire support to the white Russians in the Black Sea until 1920. She remained in the Mediterranean until 1926 joining the Atlantic fleet for the next three years until 1929 when she was paid off and scrapped in March 1931.

HMS Benbow at the Battle of Jutland by Anthony Saunders. 
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HMS Ark Royal after a recent refit, rejoins the fleet in 2001.

HMS Ark Royal by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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 During a patrol on 6th July 1918, Christiansen spotted a British submarine on the surface of the Thames Estuary. He immediately turned and put his Hansa-Brandenburg W.29 floatplane into an attacking dive, raking the submarine C.25 with machine gun fire, killing the captain and five other crewmen. This victory was added to his personal tally, bringing his score to 13 kills by the end of the war, even though the submarine managed to limp back to safety. Christiansen survived the war and went on to work as a pilot for the Dornier company, notably flying the giant Dornier Do.X on its inaugural flight to New York in 1930. He died in 1972, aged 93.

Kapitanleutnant zur See Friedrich Christiansen by Ivan Berryman.
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 In support of the American landings at Utah and Omaha beaches, the USS Texas slugs it out with German heavy gun emplacements during the D-Day landings.

Gunline Omaha - USS Texas by Randall Wilson.
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MILITARY PRINTS

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The 1st Buckinghamshire Battalion at Pozieres, 23rd July 1916 by William Barnes Wollen. (Y)
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<b>Ex display prints in near perfect condition. </b>

A scene From the Civil War by Ernest Crofts. (Y)
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 The British 1st Foot Guards and Coldstream Guards rush to defend the gate of Hougoumont Farm against a fierce French attack during the battle of Waterloo.  During the battle, the Coldstream Guards lost 97 killed, 446 wounded and 4 missing, while the 1st Foot Guards lost 125 killed and 352 wounded.

Defence of Hougoumont Farm at the Battle of Waterloo by Jason Askew. (P)
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The six-pounder guns of Captain C.D. Sillerys Company, 7th Battalion Royal Artillery were in the centre of the British line, firing round shot and case shot into the advancing columns of French infantry.

The Battle of Talavera, 27th-28th July 1809 by David Rowlands (GS)
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DHM556P.  1st Texas Infantry by Jim Lancia.
1st Texas Infantry by Jim Lancia (P)
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Battle of Assaye  23rd September 1803. Governor General Lord Richard Wellesley ordered his younger Brother General Arthur Wellesley (Later to become Duke of Wellington) to command a British and native force of  4,500 men to the South -Central part of the Peninsula. (At thr same time He also Sent General Gerard Lake to the north of India, see Battle fo Laswarree for further details)  General Arthur Wellesley, met a much larger Maratha Force of some 26,000 strong at Assaye in Hydrabad. on September 23rd 1803.  The Battle of Assaye became one of the bloodiest battle Arthur Wellesley fought, receiving 1500 casualties out of a force of 4,500. But the Maratha were routed and Assaye was a British Victory.

The Charge of the 19th Light Dragoons at Assaye by David Rowlands (B)
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 Wellington watches as his army retires from the battle field area of Quatrebras.

Wellington Leaving Quatre Bras for Waterloo by Mark Churms. (Y)
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  This oil study shows Captain Wombwell engaging the 1st Ural Cossacks behind the Russian artillery. This was the oil study for a larger project which was not completed.
17th Lancers During the Charge of the Light Brigade by Mark Churms. (P)
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SPORT PRINTS

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 Elf Tyrrell Ford 006.  World Champion 1973.
Jackie Stewart by Michael Thompson.
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Neil Hodgson puts in 100% to achieve Pole Position, his 1st Double Win, the 1st Win for the Ducati 999 and the race and lap record at Valencia, March 2003.
One Hundred Percent by Dave Foord.
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 The English football team for 2002.
England by Peter Deighan.
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 England 1 Germany 0, Euro 2000.  On the 17th of June 2000 England once again faced their old nemesis Germany in a Group A qualifying match at Euro 2000.  England entered the game knowing that they had not defeated Germany in a competitive match since the famous World Cup victory in 1966.  Germany made four changes to the side that had drawn with Romania including the introduction of midfielder Sebastian Deisler, whilst England had been forced to replace Tony Adams and Steve McManaman with Martin Keown and Dennis Wise due to injury.  As expected the game started at a frenetic pace and Jancker made things difficult for England's central defenders early on with his height and strength.  England appeared to be lacking cohesion and allowed Germany to take control of the game.  Deisler brought the German crowd to their feet with a clever run down the right hand side and minutes later Hamaan had their first strike on goal which was hit directly at David Seaman.  England were looking for a flash of inspiration and it was very nearly delivered as Michael Owen managed to meet Phil Neville's cross with his head but only managed to direct the ball on to the post.  Paul Scholes in typical fashion drove a ferocious volley, which was tipped just over the bar, and suddenly it appeared that England were beginning to find some weaknesses in certain areas of the German side.  At the interval little separated the two sides however, England started the second half with a steely determination.  After just seven minutes David Beckham earned his side a free kick in a very dangerous position on the England right.  With good movement from the forwards in the German area Beckham swung a speculative cross into the six yard box.  Owen, beaten by the pace, failed to connect but man of the match Alan Shearer anticipated the kind bounce and without hesitation headed the ball back across Kahn and into the right hand side of the German goal.  The England captain had broken the deadlock and instilled in his side the belief that they could finally defeat their oldest rivals.  Germany threw everything they had at England but Keegan's team were equal to the task in every area of the pitch.  As the final whistle blew a huge roar erupted from the England supporters as Alan Shearer's goal had ended over thirty years of frustration and sealed his place in the history books as one of England's greatest ever strikers.

Perfect Finish by Peter Cornwell.
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In the final moments of extra time of the game, the England number 10, Jonny Wilkinson slotted a perfect drop goal which clinched victory over Australia, winning 20 points to 17. 

Rugby World Cup Final 2003 by David Pentland.
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 Ally McCoist of Glasgow Rangers and Scotland.  Produced to celebrate Scotlands most prolific goalscorer.  Super Ally became nothing short of a legend during his tenure with Glasgow Rangers of the Premier League.  It was not until Graeme Sounes took over as player manager of Rangers that McCoist really hit his stride and began to excel himself as the most prodigious goalscorer in the history of Scottish football.  Allys unprecedented career includes over 300 league goals for Rangers helping the club to 9 titles in a row, a Scottish Cup Winners medal, 2 UEFA Golden Boot awards, Scottish player of the year 91/92 and 61 Caps for his country resulting in 19 international goals.  Ally became one of Glasgow Rangers and Scotlands all time football heroes, and is now part of the Rangers coaching staff under Walter Smith.

Ally McCoist MBE by Scott Bridges.
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FAR999. The Wild Card by Derrick Mark.
The Wild Card by Derrick Mark.
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 Jenson Button.  Reanult R202
Young Gun by Michael Thompson.
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