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L'histoire navale du cuirassé francais Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud et Voltaire, depuis son chaloupe et les événements importants de sa vie.

The Danton class French battleships included Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud and Voltaire. These French battleships were the first to be completed with turbine engines, Designed by L'Homme as part of hte 1906 naval programme. They  saw service during the first world war.

Displacement: 18,318 tons normal ,  19,800 tons full load. Speed: 19.2 knots.  range: 3,370 nautical mile at 10 knots. Compliment: 920 to 923 during wartime (681 peacetime).  Armament: Four 12 - inch Guns  Twelve 9.4-inch guns (240mm)  Sixteen  75mm   Ten  47mm. (these were only added during wartime) Two 17.7-inch Torpedo tubes submerged.

Condorcet.   Built by A C de la Loire at St Nazire and launched on the 20th August 1909, completed 25th July 1911.  and commissioned on the 1st  October 1911. At the outbreak of world war one  Condorcet was part of the First squadron of the French fleet were stationed in Greek waters and the Adriatic and it was there that Condorcet along with her sister ships sunk the Austro-Hungarian cruiser Zenta on the 16th August 1914.   She remained in Greek waters until the end of World war One.  In 1931, after her deletion form the French naval squadrons, she became a depot ship for the Torpedo school, while serving in this role she was fitted with some deck torpedo tubes. She finally was hulked and became a barrack ship in Toulon, ion the 27th November 1942 she was damaged by an explosion but remained afloat. and after occupation by the German she was used by the German Navy as a barrack shop, An allied air raid in August 1944 seriously damaged  the German navy sunk her  in shallow waters, She was re-floated in September 1944 and sold for breaking up on 14th December 1945.

Danton   Built by Arsenal de Brest and launched 4th June 1909, completed and commissioned  1st June 1911.  At the outbreak of world war one, Danton was serving with the 1st Fleet in the Mediterranean  in Greek waters with her sister ships, but on the 19th March 1917, she was torpedoed and sunk by U-64 off the coast of Sardinia

Diderot:  Built by A C de la Loire at St Naziare. and launched 19th March 1909 and completed 1 August 1911.   Served with the 1st Feet at the outbreak of world war one and serve din the Mediterranean with her sister ships,  Joined thru Aegean Sea squadron in 1918 barring a expected Central powers break out from the Dardanelle's, also part of the Allied fleets at Constantinople on the 13th November 1918. and finally scrapped in 1937.

MIRABEAU.  Built by Arsenal de Lorient and launched on the 28th October 1909 completed 1st August 1911. joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration and fired four shells which landed near the royal palace, this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Vergniaud went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol. on the 13th February she ran aground in a snow storm off the Crimean Coast. After removing the forward turret along with the barbette and armour, she was salvaged in April 1919. after this she was used for experimental work  including being used as a target  during 1921 and 1922. until finally being scrapped in 1928 

VERGNIAD.  Built by C De la Gironde at Bordeaux and launched 12th march 1910 and completed 22nd September 1911.  Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Mirabeau went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol.  After service with the french Fleet she was used for experiments from October 1921 until being scrapped and broken up in October 1929

VOLTAIRE.  Built by F C de la Mediterranee at La Seyne. and launched 16th January 1909 and completed 1st August 1911. Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause.  On October 11th 1918 she was hit by two torpedoes  from  U48  but not seriously damaged. she was stricken form the navy in 1935 finally being broken up in 1938.

Condorcet 20th August 1909 Taken off the list in 1931.
Danton 4th July 1909 Sunk by torpedo from U64 on 19th March 1917.
Diderot 19th April 1909 Broken up in 1937.
Mirabeau 28th October 1909 Salvaged after grounding herself in February 1919 and then used for target.
Vergniaud 12th April 1910 Taken off list in 1921 and used for target practice until 1926 Sold in 1927 and broken up for scrap in 1929.
Voltaire 16th January 1909 Torpedoed twice by UB48 on 10th October but was not sunk. Taken off list in 1935 and scrapped 1939.

Condorcet

Condorcet

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet

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French battleship Condorcet and a British Destroyer in port.

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Condorcet.  Contributed by Colin White

Mirabeau

Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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French Battleship Mirabeau.  Sent in by George Needham

Mirabeau.  Sent in by Jean Gillet.

Vergniaud

The launch of Vergniaud, 12th April 1910

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Vergniaud.

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Vergniaud.

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Voltaire

Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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AVIATION PRINTS

Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

 As the four P51D Mustangs of Major William T Haltons Yellow Flight, 487th Fighter Squadron took off from Asch, they found themselves in the middle of a massive German attack.  That New Years Day the Luftwaffe had launched hundreds of aircraft in low level raids against the allied airfields across Northern France and Belgium.  The unexpected take-off by the 487th however, ended Jagdgeswader 11s chances of success, with Yellow Flight alone claiming 9 enemy aircraft destroyed.

Dogfight over Asch, Belgium, 09.20 a.m., New Years Day, 1st January 1945 by David Pentland. (P)
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 Regarded by some in the Air Ministry as a failed fighter, the mighty Hawker Typhoon was unrivalled as a ground attack aircraft, especially in the crucial months immediately prior to – and after – D-Day when squadrons of Typhoons operated in 'cab ranks' to smash the German infrastructure and smooth the passage of the invading allied force.  This aircraft is Mk.1B (MN570) of Wing Commander R E P Brooker of 123 Wing based at Thorney Island.

Sledgehammer by Ivan Berryman.
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 With Italys entry into WW II on June 10, 1940, the epic two-and-one-half-year siege of Malta began. Symbolizing the defiant resistance of the people and defenders of that tiny island, the legend of Faith, Hope, and Charity grew from a handful of Gloster Sea Gladiators which initially comprised Maltas sole aerial defense. Until the arrival of the more modern Hawker Hurricanes, these obsolescent biplanes fought the Regia Aeronautica alone in the skies above Malta. Only six or seven Gladiators were assembled from the shipment of eighteen crated aircraft which had been delivered by the HMS Glorious. Others were utilized for spare parts, and three had been dispatched, still crated, to Egypt. Though hugely outnumbered, the defenders fought on, raising the morale of the citizens of Malta, and denying the Italians mastery of the sky. Suffering from a constant shortage of spare parts, tools and equipment, the devoted ground support crews were never able to keep more than three Gladiators operational at any point in time. Only one of these Gladiators was totally lost in aerial combat, and the sole surviving aircraft was presented to the people of Malta, and today stands in their National War Museum as a proud symbol of courage and endurance. In Stan Stokes painting, a Sea Gladiator, piloted by Flight Lt. James Pickering, tangles with a Fiat C.R. 42 over Malta in 1940 while an Italian Savoia S.79 tri-engined bomber passes by in the background. The Gloster Gladiator represented the zenith of development of the classic biplane fighter aircraft, a design formula which characterized an entire era from WW I until the advent of the monoplane fighter just before WW II. Glosters naval model of the Gladiator was equipped with a Bristol Mercury VIIIA engine providing a maximum speed of 253 MPH, a rate of climb of 2300 feet per minute, an operational ceiling of 32,200 feet, and a range of 415 miles. The Gladiator was armed with four .303 inch Browning machine guns, and incorporated several advanced features including an enclosed cockpit and wing flaps. One top RAF ace, Sqd. Ldr. Pattle, attained eleven victories flying the Gladiator. A total of 527 Gladiators were produced, and the aircraft served in twelve different countries. The Italians were overly persistent in their emphasis on biplane fighters, stemming from their successes with these highly maneuverable machines during the Spanish Civil War. Employing distinctive Warren-truss type interplane bracing the C.R. 42 was powered by a Fiat A74 R.C. 38 engine providing a maximum speed of 274 MPH and a range of 485 miles. The C.R. 42 was more lightly armed than the Gladiators it opposed, possessing only two 12.7mm Breda machine guns. The C.R 42 served on all of Italys fronts including North and East Africa, France, Britain, the Balkans, and Russia. Exported to Hungary, Sweden and Belgium, the C.R. 42 ironically served alongside the Gladiator in other theaters of operation during WW II.
Faith Hope and Charity by Stan Stokes. (C)
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 Lynx Mk7 deplanes chalk, South Armagh.

Eagle Patrol by John Wynne Hopkins. (Y)
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 Set in a spectacular mountain scene, Nicolas Trudgians print records the last days of air combat as World War II drew to a close. The most feared of the Luftwaffes remaining units were those equipped with the remarkable Me262 fighter jet, but they were vulnerable to attack during take-off and landing. Commanding JV-44, General Galland countered the threat by employing Fw190 Dora 9s to fly top cover. Nicolas Trudgians painting depicts the colourful Fw190 of Hptm Waldermar Wubke of JV-44 as he prepared to scramble Red Three at Ainring airfield in may 1945. <br><br><b>Published 2000.<br><br>Signed by two Luftwaffe Knights Cross holders who flew the Fw190D-9 operationally during World War II.</b>

Mountain Wolf by Nicolas Trudgian
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 From the day they began their aerial campaign against Nazi Germany to the cessation of hostilities in 1945, the USAAF bomber crews plied their hazardous trade in broad daylight. This tactic may have enabled better sighting of targets, and possibly less danger of mid-air collisions, but the grievous penalty of flying daylight missions over enemy territory was the ever presence of enemy fighters. Though heavily armed, the heavy bombers of the American Eighth Air Force were no match against the fast, highly manoeuvrable Me109s, Fw190s and, late in the war, Me 262 jet fighters which the Luftwaffe sent up to intercept them. Without fighter escort they were sitting ducks, and inevitably paid a heavy price. Among others, one fighter group earned particular respect, gratitude, and praise from bomber crews for their escort tactics. The 356th FG stuck rigidly to the principle of tight bomber escort duty, their presence in tight formation with the bombers often being sufficient to deter enemy attack. Repeatedly passing up the opportunity to increase individual scores, the leadership determined it more important to bring the bombers home than claim another enemy fighter victory. As the air war progressed this philosophy brought about an unbreakable bond between heavy bomber crews and escort fighter pilots, and among those held in the highest esteem were the pilots of the 356th. Top scoring ace Donald J Strait, flying his P-51 D Mustang Jersey Jerk, together with pilots of the 356th Fighter Group, are seen in action against Luftwaffe Fw 190s while escorting B-17 bombers returning from a raid on German installations during the late winter of 1944. One minute all is orderly as the mighty bombers thunder their way homeward, the next minute enemy fighters are upon them and all hell breaks loose. <br><br><b>Published 2003.<br><br>Signed by three of the top pilots from the 356th Fighter group.</b>

Ace of Diamonds by Nicolas Trudgian (Y)
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Hawker Hurricanes of 249 squadron (RAF) departing off HMS Ark Royal in June 1941 as par tof Force H. The Hurricanes were to become part of the Defence of Malta against the onslought and non stop bombing by the Axis Bombers and HMS Ark Royal would be sunk only a few months later when on the 13th November 1941 HMS Ark Royal was hit by a single torpedo from the German U-boat U81. The torpedo hit  on the starboard side near the starboard boiler room causing a 130ft by 30ft hole. Water poured in causing a 10% list immediately. The flooding spread quickly to the middle of the ship and then to the port boiler room, eectric power failed,  and after 14 hours while in tow to Gibraltar she capsized and sunk the following day.

Malta Relief by Tim Fisher.
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 Designed by the great Ernst Heinkel, the diminutive D.1 was an essential stop-gap that provided the Austro-Hungarian pilots with a front line fighter until they were able to re-equip with Albatros scouts in the Summer of 1917. This little aircraft performed well and was generally held in high regard by its pilots, although it did have some shortcomings, namely that forward vision was extremely limited and the Schwarzloses gun was completely concealed in the overwing pod that made it inaccessible in the air. Most unusual of all was its interplane strut arrangement, designed to reduce drag, which gave it the nicknames Starstrutter or Spider. These examples are shown passing above the German cruiser Derfflinger. 

Brandenburg D.1 by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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NAVAL PRINTS

Click above to see all of our naval art index - Eight random half price naval items are displayed to the right.

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The King George V class battleship HMS Anson is pictured in Sydney Harbour where she joined the Pacific Fleet in July 1945, viewed across the flight deck of HMS Vengeance, where ten of her Vought F4.U Corsairs are ranged in front of a single folded Fairey Barracuda
HMS Anson at Sydney Harbour, July 1945 by Ivan Berryman.
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VAR346B.  H.M.A.S. Manoora 1940 by Brian Wood.
H.M.A.S. Manoora 1940 by Brian Wood (B)
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 The King George V class battleship HMS Anson is pictured in Sydney Harbour where she joined the Pacific Fleet in July 1945, viewed across the flight deck of HMS Vengeance, where ten of her Vought F4.U Corsairs are ranged in front of a single folded Fairey Barracuda. 

HMS Anson at Sydney Harbour, July 1945 by Ivan Berryman (P)
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 Erich Topps notorious Red Devil Boat, U-552, slips quietly away from the scene of another victory in the North Atlantic in 1941.

U-552 by Ivan Berryman.
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B103AP.  HMS Royal Sovereign and HMS Warspite departing Malta by Ivan Berryman.

HMS Royal Sovereign and HMS Warspite departing Malta by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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Together with her sister ship, Hercules, HMS Colossus acquitted herself well at the Battle of Jutland where she fired 93 12in rounds, but received only two hits from enemy fire which caused minor damage and left nine crew injured.  She was sold for scrap in 1928.

HMS Colossus by Ivan Berryman
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The pride of the Royal Navy, HMS Hood, passes Gibraltar on her way to join HMS Prince of Wales at Scapa Flow and onto her short and tragic engagement with the German battleship Bismarck.

HMS Hood Passing Gibraltar by Brian Wood (P)
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 The Dido class cruiser HMS Naiad is pictured together with the cruiser HMS Leander during the encounter with the French Guepard in 1941 whilst they were both engaged in operations against the Vichy-French forces in Syria.

HMS Naiad by Ivan Berryman (P)
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MILITARY PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Military Art Offers

The American Civil War saw not only the split between north and south but also even between family members.
Brother Against Brother by Chris Collingwood.
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French Cuirassiers of Napoleons Army, obtain information from a peasant outside a country farm house.
French Cuirassiers Questioning a peasant outside a country farmhouse by Edouard Detaille.
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 Wherever the GIs went they took their Jeeps with them, and before the war was run the little quarter-ton, 4-wheel drive, utility vehicle was as well known around the world as the Model T Ford. Nicolas Trudgian has painted a compelling image, set back in time when the little Jeep was omnipresent on and around the roads and battlefields of a war-torn world. It is Christmas 1944 and, as a gaggle of 339th FG P-51 Mustangs disturb the peace of this ancient English village, a little Jeep waits patiently outside the pub while her occupants sample the local ale. A wonderfully nostalgic painting that will bring back pleasant memories to many.
Welcome Respite by Nicolas Trudgian.
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DHM120.  The Battle of Trafalgar by W Stuart.

The Battle of Trafalgar by William Stuart.
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 22 SAS Squadron in the Gulf, having been dropped by Chinook of the 7th Squadron RAF.

The Winged Dagger by Simon Smith. (Y)
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 Hauptsturm fuhrer Fritz Klingenberg, and the men of 2nd SS Divisions Motorcycle Reconnaissance battalion stop at the swollen banks of the River Danube. The following day he and six men, a broken down radio, and totally unsupported were to capture the Yugoslavian capital of Belgrade.

The Magician, Balkans, 11th April 1941 by David Pentland. (Y)
Half Price! - £35.00
In August 1808 the 2nd battalion of the 95th Rifles were part of the expedition commanded by Sir Arthur Wellesley to Portugal and covered the landings at Mondego Bay.  On 15th August during a skirmish at Obidos, they had the distinction of firing the first shots of the Peninsular War against the French.  The Rifles were trained to think quickly and by themselves in dangerous situations, they were also taught to work and fight together in pairs while firing harassing and well aimed shots at the enemy.  The Baker rifle which the 95th used was an accurate weapon for its day, with reported kills being taken up to 270 metres away.  During the Peninsular War, Rifleman Thomas Plunkett of the 1st Battalion, 95th Rifles, shot the French General Auguste-Marie-Francois Colbert at a range that may have been even greater.  Rifleman Thomas Plunkett then shot a second French officer who rode to the general's aid.

Tribute to the 95th Rifles by Chris Collingwood. (P)
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DHM825GL. Centurian by Chris Collingwood.

Centurian by Chris Collingwood (GL)
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SPORT PRINTS

Click above to see all of our sport art index - Eight random half price sport items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Sport Art Offers

 Jenson Button.  Reanult R202
Young Gun by Michael Thompson.
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 Neil Hodgson celebrates winning the World Superbike Championship at Assen, September 2003.
No.1 by Dave Foord. (Y)
Half Price! - £110.00
 Ferrari Pit Stop 2001.
Masters of Strategy II by Michael Thompson.
Half Price! - £33.00
 McLaren M26 Ford Cosworth.  World Champion 1976.
James Hunt by Michael Thompson.
Half Price! - £25.00

 A cricketing genius, Sir Garfield Sobers excelled at all aspects of the game.  One of his most memorable moments being the six consecutive sixes hit off one over. 

Sir Garfield Sobers by Gary Keane.
Half Price! - £60.00


Michael Atherton by Keith Fearon.
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 Ally McCoist of Glasgow Rangers and Scotland.  Produced to celebrate Scotlands most prolific goalscorer.  Super Ally became nothing short of a legend during his tenure with Glasgow Rangers of the Premier League.  It was not until Graeme Sounes took over as player manager of Rangers that McCoist really hit his stride and began to excel himself as the most prodigious goalscorer in the history of Scottish football.  Allys unprecedented career includes over 300 league goals for Rangers helping the club to 9 titles in a row, a Scottish Cup Winners medal, 2 UEFA Golden Boot awards, Scottish player of the year 91/92 and 61 Caps for his country resulting in 19 international goals.  Ally became one of Glasgow Rangers and Scotlands all time football heroes, and is now part of the Rangers coaching staff under Walter Smith.

Ally McCoist MBE by Scott Bridges.
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B43. Damon Hill/ Williams Renault FW.18 by Ivan Berryman

Damon Hill/ Williams Renault FW.18 by Ivan Berryman
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