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L'histoire navale du cuirassé francais Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud et Voltaire, depuis son chaloupe et les événements importants de sa vie.

The Danton class French battleships included Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud and Voltaire. These French battleships were the first to be completed with turbine engines, Designed by L'Homme as part of hte 1906 naval programme. They  saw service during the first world war.

Displacement: 18,318 tons normal ,  19,800 tons full load. Speed: 19.2 knots.  range: 3,370 nautical mile at 10 knots. Compliment: 920 to 923 during wartime (681 peacetime).  Armament: Four 12 - inch Guns  Twelve 9.4-inch guns (240mm)  Sixteen  75mm   Ten  47mm. (these were only added during wartime) Two 17.7-inch Torpedo tubes submerged.

Condorcet.   Built by A C de la Loire at St Nazire and launched on the 20th August 1909, completed 25th July 1911.  and commissioned on the 1st  October 1911. At the outbreak of world war one  Condorcet was part of the First squadron of the French fleet were stationed in Greek waters and the Adriatic and it was there that Condorcet along with her sister ships sunk the Austro-Hungarian cruiser Zenta on the 16th August 1914.   She remained in Greek waters until the end of World war One.  In 1931, after her deletion form the French naval squadrons, she became a depot ship for the Torpedo school, while serving in this role she was fitted with some deck torpedo tubes. She finally was hulked and became a barrack ship in Toulon, ion the 27th November 1942 she was damaged by an explosion but remained afloat. and after occupation by the German she was used by the German Navy as a barrack shop, An allied air raid in August 1944 seriously damaged  the German navy sunk her  in shallow waters, She was re-floated in September 1944 and sold for breaking up on 14th December 1945.

Danton   Built by Arsenal de Brest and launched 4th June 1909, completed and commissioned  1st June 1911.  At the outbreak of world war one, Danton was serving with the 1st Fleet in the Mediterranean  in Greek waters with her sister ships, but on the 19th March 1917, she was torpedoed and sunk by U-64 off the coast of Sardinia

Diderot:  Built by A C de la Loire at St Naziare. and launched 19th March 1909 and completed 1 August 1911.   Served with the 1st Feet at the outbreak of world war one and serve din the Mediterranean with her sister ships,  Joined thru Aegean Sea squadron in 1918 barring a expected Central powers break out from the Dardanelle's, also part of the Allied fleets at Constantinople on the 13th November 1918. and finally scrapped in 1937.

MIRABEAU.  Built by Arsenal de Lorient and launched on the 28th October 1909 completed 1st August 1911. joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration and fired four shells which landed near the royal palace, this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Vergniaud went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol. on the 13th February she ran aground in a snow storm off the Crimean Coast. After removing the forward turret along with the barbette and armour, she was salvaged in April 1919. after this she was used for experimental work  including being used as a target  during 1921 and 1922. until finally being scrapped in 1928 

VERGNIAD.  Built by C De la Gironde at Bordeaux and launched 12th march 1910 and completed 22nd September 1911.  Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Mirabeau went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol.  After service with the french Fleet she was used for experiments from October 1921 until being scrapped and broken up in October 1929

VOLTAIRE.  Built by F C de la Mediterranee at La Seyne. and launched 16th January 1909 and completed 1st August 1911. Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause.  On October 11th 1918 she was hit by two torpedoes  from  U48  but not seriously damaged. she was stricken form the navy in 1935 finally being broken up in 1938.

Condorcet 20th August 1909 Taken off the list in 1931.
Danton 4th July 1909 Sunk by torpedo from U64 on 19th March 1917.
Diderot 19th April 1909 Broken up in 1937.
Mirabeau 28th October 1909 Salvaged after grounding herself in February 1919 and then used for target.
Vergniaud 12th April 1910 Taken off list in 1921 and used for target practice until 1926 Sold in 1927 and broken up for scrap in 1929.
Voltaire 16th January 1909 Torpedoed twice by UB48 on 10th October but was not sunk. Taken off list in 1935 and scrapped 1939.

Condorcet

Condorcet

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet

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French battleship Condorcet and a British Destroyer in port.

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Condorcet.  Contributed by Colin White

Mirabeau

Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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French Battleship Mirabeau.  Sent in by George Needham

Mirabeau.  Sent in by Jean Gillet.

Vergniaud

The launch of Vergniaud, 12th April 1910

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Vergniaud.

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Vergniaud.

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Voltaire

Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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AVIATION PRINTS

Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

 One of 6,176 Halifaxes built during World War II, NA337(2P-X) was shot down over Norway on 23rd April 1945.  In 1995 it was recovered from the lake that had been its watery home for fifty years and has now been restored by the Halifax Aircraft Association in Ontario, Canada.

Halifax Mk.III NA337 by Ivan Berryman. (E)
Half Price! - £70.00
 Special Forces Lynx 657 Squadron Army Air Corps and Chinooks from 7 Squadron Royal Air Force in direct fire support to the United Kingdom Special Forces hostage rescue mission in Sierra Leone

Operation Barras, 10th September 2000 by David Rowlands (GL)
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 Depicting a Hercules dropping Paras at low level.

Low Level Para Drop by Tim Fisher.
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 An Avro Anson comes under attack from an Me109.

Avro Anson by Ivan Berryman.
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 Erich Lowenhardt was already the holder of the Knights Cross 1st and 2nd Class for acts of bravery even before becoming a pilot. After serving as an observer for a year, he was eventually posted to Jasta 10 in 1917 where he immediately began to score victories, sending down balloons and enemy aircraft at a fearsome rate. He was appointed Commander of Jasta 10 one week before his 21st birthday, making him one the youngest pilots to rise to such a rank in the German Army Air Service. He continued to increase his score steadily throughout 1917 and 1918, but was involved in a mid-air collision with a Jasta 11 aircraft on 10th August. Lowenhardt elected to abandon his aircraft, but his parachute failed to deploy and the young ace fell to his death. He flew a number of aircraft, but this yellow-fuselaged Fokker D.VII was his most distinctive and is believed to be the aircraft in which he was killed. His final victory total was 54.

Oberleutnant Erich Lowenhardt by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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 Boulton Paul Defiant of 151 Sqn, based at Wittering, attacking a Messerschmitt Me110. Following an exhausting summer during the Battle of Britain, 151 was designated a night fighter squadron and was equipped both with Hurricanes and Defiants. On the night of 15th January 1942, two Defiants succeeded in bringing down three German aircraft and further successes were recorded during enemy raids on Birmingham when a further nine kills were claimed.

Night of Defiance by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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Mosquitos of 105 Squadron, Marham.  No. 105 Squadron, stationed at Marham, Norfolk, became the first Royal Air Force unit to become operational flying the Mosquito B. Mk. IV bomber on 11th April 1942.  The painting shows 105 Squadron on the raid of 10th April 1945, to the Wahren railway marshalling yards at Leipzig, Germany.

Return From Leipzig by Anthony Saunders. (Y)
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 Britain's highest scoring Typhoon ace, Wing Commander J R Baldwin sweeps above Utah Beach on a sortie in support of the Allied forces' drive into mainland Europe following D-Day in June 1944.  He is shown flying one of his personal aircraft, Typhoon 1b MN935 'JBII'.

Wing Commander J R Baldwin by Ivan Berryman. (AP)
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NAVAL PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Naval Art Offers

On 29th and 30th April 1944, while surfaced close to jagged reefs, and Japanese shore guns, the USS Tang rescued 22 downed flyers from Task Force 58s strikes against enemy positions on the islands - This was the largest rescue of airmen by a submarine in the war. USS Tang (SS-306) would later be sunk by its own torpedo off Formosa, on the 24th of October 1944.

USS Tang, The Life Guard of Truk Atoll by Robert Barbour.
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B219.  Deutschland Passing Through the Kiel Canal by Ivan Berryman.

Deutschland Passing Through the Kiel Canal by Ivan Berryman.
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 Viewed from beneath the blistered guns of the damaged X and Y turrets of her sister HMS Ajax, Achilles come sunder fire from the pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee during what was to become known as the Battle of the River Plate on the 13th December 1939. Shells from Achilles are closing on her opponent as the Graf Spee alters course at the start of the doomed battleships flight to Montevideo.

The Pursuit of the Graf Spee by Ivan Berryman.
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The English fleet pursued the Armada up the English Channel and, as darkness fell, Vice Admiral Drake broke off and captured the Spanish galleon Rosario, Admiral Pedro de Valdes and the crew.  The Rosario was known to be carrying substantial funds to pay the Spanish Army in the Low Countries.  Drakes ship had been leading the English pursuit of the Armada by means of a lantern.  By extinguishing this for the capture, Drake put the fleet into disarray overnight.  On the night of 29th July 1588, Vice Admiral Drake organised fire-ships, causing most of the Spanish captains to break formation and sail out of Calais . The next day, Drake was present at the Battle of Gravelines.  English losses were comparatively few, and none of their ships were sunk.

Grenvilles Revenge by Brian Wood.
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USS Maddox engaging North Vietnamese torpedo boats with 5-in gunfire, August 2nd, 1964, in the Gulf of Tonkin.

USS Maddox by Randall Wilson.
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Americas first true aircraft carrier, the USS Langley (CV-1) is pictured making way at sea as a pair of Douglas DT-2s pass overhead.

USS Langley by Ivan Berryman
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 The view across Battleship Row, viewed from above Ford Island as the USS Nevada gallantly makes her break for the open sea, coming under heavy attack from Japanese A6M2s from the carrier Hiryu. The Nevada was eventually too badly damaged to continue and was beached to avoid blocking the harbour entrance. In the immediate foreground, the lightly damaged USS Tennessee is trapped inboard of USS West Virginia which has sunk at her moorings, leaking burning oil and hampering the daring operations to pluck trapped crew members from her decks, while just visible to the right is the stern of the USS Maryland and the capsized Oklahoma.
Attack on Pearl Harbor by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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 The heavy cruiser HMS Dorsetshire is brought up to sink the blazing wreck of the Bismarck with torpedoes at around 10:30 hours on the morning of May 27th 1941.  The once proud German ship had been ruthlessly pounded into a twisted and burning wreck by the British battleships Rodney and King George V.  HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Maori combed the area of the sinking for survivors, between them picking up a total of 110 out of an original complement of 2,300.

HMS Dorsetshire (The End of the Bismarck) by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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MILITARY PRINTS

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Some Current Half Price Military Art Offers

 Showing William III in full Black Armour at the time of the Battle of Boyne.

William III by Chris Collingwood. (Y)
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The Battle of Trafalgar was fought on a calm, almost windless day, on 21st October 1805.  Nelsons revolutionary battle plan was to cut apart the larger Franco-Spanish fleet of Vice-Admiral Villeneuve by sailing in two single column divisions directly at right angles into the combined fleet and thus rendering almost half of the leading ships useless until the could turn and join the fight, which in such calm conditions could take hours.  The battle raged for five hours in which time not one British ship was lost, however, Nelson would tragically lose his life at the very moment of his triumph, a triumph which rendered the British Navy unchallenged in supremacy for over a century.  Here HMS Mars passes between the French ship Belleisle on her starboard and the French ship Fougeux on her port, firing a murderous hail of gunfire at both ships.  Also shown in the painting on the left hand side is the Spanish ship Monarco and the French ship Pluton.

The Battle of Trafalgar - Mars Breaks the Line by Anthony Saunders. (AP)
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 Depicting Captain Lindsay of the Scots Guards advancing with the colours which were shot through and staff broken. By this example he helped to restore order after a Russian onslaught had put the regiment in disorder.

Scots Guards Saving the Colours at Alma by Lady Elizabeth Butler (Y)
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In August 1808 the 2nd battalion of the 95th Rifles were part of the expedition commanded by Sir Arthur Wellesley to Portugal and covered the landings at Mondego Bay.  On 15th August during a skirmish at Obidos, they had the distinction of firing the first shots of the Peninsular War against the French.  The Rifles were trained to think quickly and by themselves in dangerous situations, they were also taught to work and fight together in pairs while firing harassing and well aimed shots at the enemy.  The Baker rifle which the 95th used was an accurate weapon for its day, with reported kills being taken up to 270 metres away.  During the Peninsular War, Rifleman Thomas Plunkett of the 1st Battalion, 95th Rifles, shot the French General Auguste-Marie-Francois Colbert at a range that may have been even greater.  Rifleman Thomas Plunkett then shot a second French officer who rode to the general's aid.

Tribute to the 95th Rifles by Chris Collingwood. (Y)
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The American Civil War saw not only the split between north and south but also even between family members.
Brother Against Brother by Chris Collingwood.
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 Jagdpanthers of 654 heavy Tank Battalion engage 6th Guards Tank Brigade Churchills.
Debut at Caumont, Normandy, 30th July 1944 by David Pentland. (D)
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DHM953.  An Incident During the Peninsula War by Robert Hillingford.

An Incident During the Peninsula War by Robert Hillingford.
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DHM622GL. M109 Guns of the 40th Field Regiment Royal Artillery Approaching the Basra Road, Kuwait, 28th February 1991.

M109 Guns of the 40th Field Regiment Royal Artillery Approaching the Basra Road, Kuwait, 28th February 1991. (GL)
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SPORT PRINTS

Click above to see all of our sport art index - Eight random half price sport items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Sport Art Offers

 McLaren M26 Ford Cosworth.  World Champion 1976.
James Hunt by Michael Thompson.
Half Price! - £25.00
 It was Saturday 4th May 2002, the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.  Wonderful goals by Ray Parlour and Freddie Ljungberg for Arsenal were too much for their London rivals Chelsea to capture the FA Cup.  Four days later, on Wednesday 8th, Arsenal rode into Old Trafford.  This time a goal by Sylvain Wiltord on his 100th appearance for the club was enough for Arsene Wenger's team to overcome Manchester United and clinch the Premiership title, maintaining a record of scoring in every league game of the season.  For the second time in four years under their long-serving and inspirational captain Tony Adams, Arsenal had performed the classic double of English football, the third in their history making 2001-02, a season never to be forgotten.

The Double 2001 / 2002 by Gary Keane. (Y)
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The painting portrays the Manchester United midfielder and England Captain David Beckham celebrating after scoring from a trademark free kick.

Seven by Robert Highton. (Y)
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 The Minstrel, 1977, Shergar, 1981, Golden Fleece, 1982, .Teenoso, 1983, Reference Point, 1987, Nashwan, 1989.

Derby Winners by Peter Deighan.
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David Coulthard driving the 1998 McLaren MP4/13.

The Silver Arrow by Ray Goldsbrough
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 Martin strikes again with this portrait of Nigel Mansell OBE walking, perhaps to the pits, or away from the race track, characteristiclly with his hand to his forehead.  Maybe hes planning his strategy for the day or is just plain frustrated.
A Hard Day at the Office by Martin Smith.
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Saturday, 1 September, 2001.  Germany had only ever lost one World Cup qualifier at home in their history - but suddenly they were torn apart by an England team playing great attacking football  in Munich.  Coming from behind, Michael Owen blasted a stunning hat-trick, with Steven Gerrard  scoring England's 2nd and Heskey scoring the 5th goal, making the final score 5 - 1 to England.  This superb painting by Darren Baker shows Heskey celebrating his goal with a jubilant Owen and Beckham also celebrating.  <br><br>Germany: Kahn, Worns, Linke, Nowotny, Boehme, Hamann, Rehmer, Ballack, Deisler, Jancker, Neuville. <br><br>England: Seaman, G Neville, Ferdinand, Campbell, A Cole, Barmby, Scholes, Gerrard, Beckham, Heskey, Owen.
England v Germany 5 - 1 by Darren Baker
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Eddie Irvine raced Formula Ford from 1983 to 1988.  Driving a variety of different chassis, he won two Formula Ford championships by the end of 1987.  In 1988, Eddie drove in the British Formula Three championship and then joined the Jordan Formula 3000 team for 1990.  He won his first race at Hockenheim, finishing third overall in the championship that year.  The following three years saw Eddie driving in the Japanese F3000 series, almost winninh the title in 1993.  He also drove for Toyota at Le Mans holding the lap record for several years.  At the end of 1993 Eddie drove for the Jordan F1 team and gained notoriety by overtaking Ayrton Senna having only just been lapped by him.  In 1996, Eddie took on the unenviable role as number two to Michael Schumacher at Ferrari but in 1999 became the number one driver for Ferrari following a serious accident for Schumacher.

Tribute to Eddie Irvine by Stuart McIntyre.
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