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L'histoire navale du cuirassé francais Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud et Voltaire, depuis son chaloupe et les événements importants de sa vie.

The Danton class French battleships included Danton, Mirabeau, Diderot, Condorcet, Vergniaud and Voltaire. These French battleships were the first to be completed with turbine engines, Designed by L'Homme as part of hte 1906 naval programme. They  saw service during the first world war.

Displacement: 18,318 tons normal ,  19,800 tons full load. Speed: 19.2 knots.  range: 3,370 nautical mile at 10 knots. Compliment: 920 to 923 during wartime (681 peacetime).  Armament: Four 12 - inch Guns  Twelve 9.4-inch guns (240mm)  Sixteen  75mm   Ten  47mm. (these were only added during wartime) Two 17.7-inch Torpedo tubes submerged.

Condorcet.   Built by A C de la Loire at St Nazire and launched on the 20th August 1909, completed 25th July 1911.  and commissioned on the 1st  October 1911. At the outbreak of world war one  Condorcet was part of the First squadron of the French fleet were stationed in Greek waters and the Adriatic and it was there that Condorcet along with her sister ships sunk the Austro-Hungarian cruiser Zenta on the 16th August 1914.   She remained in Greek waters until the end of World war One.  In 1931, after her deletion form the French naval squadrons, she became a depot ship for the Torpedo school, while serving in this role she was fitted with some deck torpedo tubes. She finally was hulked and became a barrack ship in Toulon, ion the 27th November 1942 she was damaged by an explosion but remained afloat. and after occupation by the German she was used by the German Navy as a barrack shop, An allied air raid in August 1944 seriously damaged  the German navy sunk her  in shallow waters, She was re-floated in September 1944 and sold for breaking up on 14th December 1945.

Danton   Built by Arsenal de Brest and launched 4th June 1909, completed and commissioned  1st June 1911.  At the outbreak of world war one, Danton was serving with the 1st Fleet in the Mediterranean  in Greek waters with her sister ships, but on the 19th March 1917, she was torpedoed and sunk by U-64 off the coast of Sardinia

Diderot:  Built by A C de la Loire at St Naziare. and launched 19th March 1909 and completed 1 August 1911.   Served with the 1st Feet at the outbreak of world war one and serve din the Mediterranean with her sister ships,  Joined thru Aegean Sea squadron in 1918 barring a expected Central powers break out from the Dardanelle's, also part of the Allied fleets at Constantinople on the 13th November 1918. and finally scrapped in 1937.

MIRABEAU.  Built by Arsenal de Lorient and launched on the 28th October 1909 completed 1st August 1911. joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration and fired four shells which landed near the royal palace, this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Vergniaud went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol. on the 13th February she ran aground in a snow storm off the Crimean Coast. After removing the forward turret along with the barbette and armour, she was salvaged in April 1919. after this she was used for experimental work  including being used as a target  during 1921 and 1922. until finally being scrapped in 1928 

VERGNIAD.  Built by C De la Gironde at Bordeaux and launched 12th march 1910 and completed 22nd September 1911.  Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause. left Corfu to Mudros to join the Aegean Se a squadron and help the feared central Powers break out at the Dardanelle's and on the 13th November  1918 was stationed at Constantinople.  after which along with her sister ship Mirabeau went into the Black Sea to engage Bolsheviks forces and operate around Sevastopol.  After service with the french Fleet she was used for experiments from October 1921 until being scrapped and broken up in October 1929

VOLTAIRE.  Built by F C de la Mediterranee at La Seyne. and launched 16th January 1909 and completed 1st August 1911. Joined the 1st Fleet and was there on the outbreak of world war one, spent her service life in the Mediterranean with her sister ships, in Greek waters stationed of Athens  as part of the pro allied demonstration. this helped force the Greek government to back the allied cause.  On October 11th 1918 she was hit by two torpedoes  from  U48  but not seriously damaged. she was stricken form the navy in 1935 finally being broken up in 1938.

Condorcet 20th August 1909 Taken off the list in 1931.
Danton 4th July 1909 Sunk by torpedo from U64 on 19th March 1917.
Diderot 19th April 1909 Broken up in 1937.
Mirabeau 28th October 1909 Salvaged after grounding herself in February 1919 and then used for target.
Vergniaud 12th April 1910 Taken off list in 1921 and used for target practice until 1926 Sold in 1927 and broken up for scrap in 1929.
Voltaire 16th January 1909 Torpedoed twice by UB48 on 10th October but was not sunk. Taken off list in 1935 and scrapped 1939.

Condorcet

Condorcet

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet.

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Condorcet

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French battleship Condorcet and a British Destroyer in port.

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Condorcet.  Contributed by Colin White

Mirabeau

Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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Mirabeau.

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French Battleship Mirabeau.  Sent in by George Needham

Mirabeau.  Sent in by Jean Gillet.

Vergniaud

The launch of Vergniaud, 12th April 1910

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Vergniaud.

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Vergniaud.

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Voltaire

Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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Voltaire.

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AVIATION PRINTS

Click above to see all of our aviation art index - Eight random half price aviation items are displayed to the right.

Some Current Half Price Aviation Art Offers

 Rittmeister Karl Bolle Commander Jasta 2 early 1918.

Alone in a Winter Sky - Fokker Triplane DR1 by David Pentland. (P)
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 With the morning sun glinting on their fuselages, P-51 Mustangs of the 78th Fighter Group cross the Dutch coastline far below, as they head back towards their base at Duxford, England at the end of a long sweep east of the Rhine crossing, Spring 1945.  The final months of the war in Europe lie ahead, and for the P-51 pilots victory is within sight.  Finally, after years of toil, the sky was theirs.

Opening Sky by Robert Taylor.
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 The 79 Sqn Hurricane of P/O E J Morris receiving hits from a Dornier 17 on 31st August 1940.  Morris was forced to crash land his aircraft and was slightly wounded following the combat.

Revenge of the Raider by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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 A sad, but magnificent sight on 24th October 2003 as the last three British Airways Concordes bring commercial supersonic travel to a close, as they taxi together to their final dispersal at Heathrow.

Concorde Farewell by Ivan Berryman.
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 B-17G 42-37755 NV-A 325th Bomb Squadron, 92nd Bomb Group from Poddington crash landing in Switzerland on 25th February 1944 after sustaining damage over enemy territory after a raid on Augsburg and Stuttgart.

Safe Pastures by Mark Postlethwaite. (Y)
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 Routine, though essential, maintenance is carried out on a 501 Sqn Hurricane at the height of the Battle of Britain during the Summer of 1940.   Hurricane P3059 <i>SD-N</i> in the background is the aircraft of Group Captain Byron Duckenfield.

Ground Force by Ivan Berryman. (C)
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 Following the successful attack on the Mohne dam on the night of 16th/17th May 1943, three Lancasters of 617 Sqn turned their attention to the Eder, some twelve minutes flying time away, accompanied by Wing Commander Guy Gibson to oversee the next attack. After several aborted attempts to obtain the correct height and direction for their bomb run by Flight Lieutenant Shannon (AJ-L) and  Squadron Leader H E Maudslay (AJ-Z), Gibson called in Maudslay to try again. During his second approach, he released his Upkeep bomb too late. It struck the top of the dam wall and bounced back into the air where it exploded right behind Maudslay's aircraft, lighting up the entire valley and causing considerable damage to the aircraft that had dropped it. Despite what must have been crippling damage, AJ-Z did manage to limp away from the scene and begin the return journey, but Maudslay and all his crew were sadly lost when their aircraft was shot down by flak at Emmerich-Klein-Netterdn. The Eder was finally successfully breached by Pilot Officer Les Knight's aircraft, ED912(G), AJ-N, which returned safely.

Tragedy at the Eder by Ivan Berryman.
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 Paratroopers of the 1st Battalion sort their kit out and get ready to enplane the waiting American Dakota C-47s of the 14 and 59 Squadrons/61st Troop Carrier Group.  The paratroops took off simultaneously from Saltby and Barkston, commencing at 1121.  All planes were in the air by 1155.  A relatively uneventful trip over the northern route to the Netherlands resulted in not a plane being shot down; only five were slightly damaged.  The 1st Battalion were dropped at 1403, 2nd Battalion at 1353 and the 3rd Battalion at 1356, all at DZ-X, west of Wolfhezen some eight miles west of Arnhem.  The Battalion orders were for three different routes to the Arnhem Bridge.  1st Battalion took the Leopard route, 2nd Battalion Tiger route and the 3rd Battalion Lion route.  Only the 2nd Battalion, commanded by Lt colonel John Frost managed to fight their way to the bridge.

Market Garden. Arnhem by Graeme Lothian. (P)
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NAVAL PRINTS

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At 12.30pm on the 21st of October 1805, Admiral Lord Nelson on board his flagship, HMS Victory, breaks the line of the combined French and Spanish fleets.  The Victory is delivering a devastating stern rake to the 80 gun French ship Bucentaure, the flagship of the combined fleets, commanded by Vice-Admiral P. C. J. B. S. Villeneuve.  Starboard to the Victory is the 74 gun Redoutable.  This ship, the Victory and HMS Temeraire, seen left, became locked together soon after, the unequal exchange resulting in the Redoutable having the highest casualties during the entire battle.

Breaking the Line at the Battle of Trafalgar by Graeme Lothian. (AP)
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 The mighty Bismarck returns fire to the fast-approaching HMS Hood a the start of a battle that would see both adversaries tragically sunk.

Bismarck Replies to HMS Hood by Ivan Berryman.
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Captain Charles Vane was born in 1680, and was an English pirate who preyed upon English and French shipping.  Vane began piracy in 1716 and lasted 3 years. Vane captured a Barbados sloop and then a large 12-gun brigantine, which he renamed the Ranger.   Vane was among the pirate captains who operated out of the Bohama at the notorious base at New Providence after the colony had been abandoned by the British.  His pirate attacks made Captain Charles Vane well known to the Royal Navy and in February of 1718 Vincent Pearse, commander of HMS Phoenix cornered Vane on his ship the Lark.  Vane  had heard of the recent royal pardons that had been offered to pirates in exchange for a guarantee they would quit plundering, so Vane claimed he had actually been en route to surrender to Pearse and accepted the pardon on the spot,  Charle Vane gained his freedom but as soon as he was free of Pearse he ignored the pardon and resumed his pirate ways.  Charles Vane was again captured and in 1721 was executed by hanging at Gallows Point, Port Royal, Jamaica on March 29th 1721.

Captain Charles Vane by Chris Collingwood.
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On 17th June 1944, 780 miles west of Saipan in Mid Pacific, the Gato class submarine USS Cavalla dives after a lucky sighting of a Japanese Naval Task Force, which included the aircraft carriers Taiho, Shokaku and Zuikaku. The Cavalla then trailed the Japanese, attacking and sinking the Shokaku on the 19th.

A Chance Encounter by Robert Barbour (AP)
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B63AP.  HMS Malaya at Capetown by Ivan Berryman.

HMS Malaya at Capetown by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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Swordfish of 825 Sqn led by Lt-Cdr Esmonde begin their heroic attack on the battlescruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen as they make their way up the English Channel from Brest during Operation Cerberus on 12th February 1942.  Although all the aircraft were lost and no significant damage was done to the German fleet, all the pilots were decorated for their bravery and Lt-Cdr Esmonde received the first Fleet Air Arm VC to be awarded, albeit posthumously.  The painting depicts the first wave of Swordfish attacking the Scharnhorst with Gneisenau taking avoiding action in the distance.  A German torpedo boat has turned to confront the attacking aircraft.

Attack on the Scharnhorst by Ivan Berryman (AP)
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Captain Morgan by Chris Collingwood (Y)
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 The elegant but ill-fated jewel in the White Star crown Titanic was a technical marvel of engineering in its day. At 882 ft long, her perfect proportions and magnificent profile were the envy of other shipping companies. her tragic loss on her maiden voyage was a crushing blow to the White Star Line that left the whole world in shock.

RMS Titanic by Ivan Berryman. (P)
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MILITARY PRINTS

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 Study for the original painting Charge and Pursue.
Lucknow 1857 - Queens Bays Trooper Engaging Mutinous Officer by Mark Churms. (P)
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 A Tiger (P) Ferdinand, 7th Company, 654th Schwere Panzerjager Abteilung passes a knocked out Soviet Su122 on the German advance towards the village of Ponyri.  The fighting around this small agricultural settlement was some of the most savage of the entire battle.

The Battle for Ponyri Station, Kursk, 9th July 1943 by David Pentland.
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VAR636. 6th Inniskilling Dragoon by Chris Collingwood.
6th Inniskilling Dragoon by Chris Collingwood.
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 Flanked by his Companion heavy cavalry, Alexander, King of Macedon, led the charge which broke through the left wing of the Persian army, and forced Darius, the Great King, to flee the battlefield. Persian success against his own left wing forced him to delay his pursuit of the routed troops, but by the end of the day the battle was won, and the heart of the Persian empire lay at his feet.

Alexander at Arbela, Plain of Gaugamela, Iraq, 331BC by David Pentland. (Y)
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 On the 6th November 1792 Dumouriez defeated the Austrians under the Duke of Saxe Teshen and Clerfayt at Jemappes, near Mons. This led to the French Occupation of Belgium.
The Battle of Jemappes by Horace Vernet (Y)
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 On 27th November 1950, thousands of Chinese troops swarmed over the frozen Yalu river on the North Korean /Chinese border, cutting off US Marines in the Chosin Reservoir area. Over the next ten days the marines with air support from both the Navy and Marine Air Wings fought their way out of the trap to Hungnam and safety.

Frozen Chosin, Korea, December 1950 by David Pentland. (P)
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 Having made contact the previous evening with troops of 4th Infantry Division pushing inland from Utah Beach, paratroopers of the 101st Airborne division The Screaming Eagles help mop up the pockets of German resistance in their general advance towards Carentan.

Screaming Eagles in Normandy, 7th June 1944 by David Pentland. (P)
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 The Mark IV Tank of Lt. F. MItchell MC, 1st battalion Tank Corps engages A7V tanks at Villers-Bretonneux, 24th April 1918.

The First Tank versus Tank Action by David Rowlands. (C)
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SPORT PRINTS

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MC0041P. Blitzkrieg by Mark Churms.

Blitzkrieg by Mark Churms. (P)
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 Jenson Button.  Reanult R202
Young Gun by Michael Thompson.
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Monte Carlo - June 1st 2003 and Juan Pablo Montoya put in an outstanding drive, pushing his Williams BMW to victory in the Monaco Grand Prix. His triumph in what is possibly the most prestigious race of the season allowed him to celebrate his first win since Italy in 2001.

Harbour Master by Gerald Coulson. (Y)
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 Michael Schumacher celebrates another win for Ferrari.
Dream Team by Franklin.
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 England Captain martin Johnson lifts the World Rugby Cup, as winners of the 2003 World Rugby Cup in Australia.

Martin Johnson by Chris Howells.
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DB006. Michael Schumacher by Darren Baker.
Michael Schumacher by Darren Baker.
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 Michael Schumacher and Ferrari.
Encore by Graham Bosworth
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B43. Damon Hill/ Williams Renault FW.18 by Ivan Berryman

Damon Hill/ Williams Renault FW.18 by Ivan Berryman
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