Merchant Cruisers

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Armed merchant cruisers.  The US Navy purchased a number of merchant ships and armed them to become armed merchant cruisers.  The first and most important at the turn of the century were four fast liners owned by the International Navigation Company; St Louis, St Paul, Harvard and Yale.  These armed merchant cruisers were commissioned into the navy during the Spanish  - American war and returned back to the International Navigation Company in september 1898

Name Launch Date Fate
St Louis 12th November 1894 Returned to owners 2nd September 1898.  Used as transport Louisville during WWI.  Burnt out in 1920 and sold 1925
St Paul 10th April 1895 Returned to owners 2nd September 1898.  Collided with and sunk HMS Gladiator in the Solent, 25th April 1908.  Used as a transport in WWI.  Capsized in North River, New York, 28th April 1918.  Raised and later sold in 1923.

St. Louis c.1898

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  ? Walker Archive. Order Code PHX252

St. Paul c.1898

Harvard 1888 Returned to owners 2nd September 1898.  Used as transport in WWI under the name Plattsburg.  Returned to owners 1919.
Yale 1888 Returned to owners 2nd September 1898.  Again used as transport Harrisburg during WWI.  Returned to owners in 1919.

Yale

Armed Merchant Ships

Badger   (formerly Yumuri) 1889 To war Department 1900
Buffalo  (formerly El Cid and Nictheroy) 1892 Training Ship 1900

On Board the Armed Merchant Ship USS Buffalo

USS Dixie an Auxiliary Cruiser c.1918

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  ? Walker Archive. Order Code  PUX072

Dixie (formerly El Rio) 1893 Training Ship 1900
Panther  (formerly Austin) 1889 Training Ship 1902
Prairie  (formerly El Sol) 1890 Training Ship 1901
Yankee  (formerly El Norte) 1892 Sank in tow 4th December 1908
Yosemite (El Sud) 1892 Foundered 13th November 1900