Courbet Class

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L'histoire navale du cuirass鍊 francais Courbet, Jean Bart, Paris et France, depuis son chaloupe et les ??ements importants de sa vie.

The Courbet class French battleships included Courbet, Jean Bart, Paris and France. These French battleships saw service during the first world war.

The Courbet Class French battleships were designed by M Lyasse. and were part of the 1910 naval programme, (Courbet and Jean Bart), with the rest as part of the 1910 naval building programme  

  Displacement: 22189 tons to 23,500 tons, normal  and a full load weight of 25,850 to 26,000 tons,  Speed: 20knots, (22 knots + during trials  )

  Range: 4,200 nautical miles at 10 knots,  or 1140 nautical miles at full speed (20 knots).  Compliment: 1085 to 1100.   Armament: Twelve  305mm (12-inch) main guns in pairs, Twenty two 138.6mm (5.4-inch) guns and Four 47mm. guns plus Four 450mm (17.7-inch) torpedo tubes  submerged.  They carried 100 305mm Shells for each gun,  and 275 shells for each of the secondary guns, Twelve Torpedoes and originally 30 mines.

COURBET..  Part of the 1910 navy programme, on her trials she exceeded her designed speed doing 22 knots.  Built by Arsenal de Brest and launched 23rd September 1911 and completed 19th November 1913. at the outbreak of World war One along with her three sister ships , Courbet went to the Mediterranean, becoming Flagship to Vice-Admiral Boue de Lapeyrere.   After World War one this class of ship became obsolete, and were not refitted, (their was not a large enough Dry dock.).  She did however get a upgraded fire control,  and new boiler, (which were the boilers intended for the new Normandie class Battleships) fitted.  Along with her sister ship Paris,  which were being used as training ships. were taken over by the Royal navy while in British Ports. and used as AA guardship. and then transferred to the FNFL. Finally she was expended as part of the Normandie breakwater on the 9th June 1944.

France: Built by A C de la Loire at St Nazaire and launched 7th November 1912 completed August 1914.  The battleship along with her sister ship Jean Bart were on a official Visit to St Petersburg in July 1914, and only just managed to get out of the Baltic before the outbreak of war, France was not fully armed and had no ammunition on board. She was transferred to the Mediterranean fleet and was part of the fleet that in 1919 took part in the Sevastopol operations. But on the 26th August 1922 she was lost in the Quiberon Bay after foundering.

   JEAN BART.  . went to St Setersburg  along with France on a official visit in July 1914. and jsut managed to leave the Baltic area at the outbreak of world war one. She was transferred along with her sister ships to the Mediterranean from august 1914. she was damaged when torpedoed by Austro Hungarian U-Boat U12. which hit the wine store but the magazine store  near by remained un touched.  after the war she was continued in service and in 1931 became a training ship was disarmed in 1938 and renamed Ocean (only as a hulk)  during her refit she has her forward funnels replaced with one single funnel and a tripod foremast.  in a second refit she has some new boilers fitted but reconstruction was halted.  On the 7th March 1944 she was damaged during an allied air raid and o the 15th March 1944 the Germans used her for Explosive trials and she was sunk.

 

Courbet 23rd September 1913 Scuttled on 9th June 1944
France 7th November 1912 Foundered on 26th August 1922.
Jean Bart 22nd September 1911 Sold for scrapping on 14th December 1945.
Paris 28th September 1912 Sold for scrapping on 21st December 1955.

Courbet

Courbet.

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  ? Walker Archive. Order Code PFB151

Courbet.

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Courbet  1912

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Courbet shown 1925 after first reconstruction in 1924.

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Courbet. Sent in by Jean Gillet.

Courbet - Photograph published 1915.

France

France.

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Jean Bart

Washing Day on board the French Dreadnought Jean Bart

Jean Bart.

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Jean Bart.

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Jean Bart.Sent in by Marcus Taylor

Jean Bart at Dunkerque.

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Battleships of the Courbet Class at Toulon.  The stern of Paris is on the left with possibly Courbet behind and Jean Bart in the distance.  c.1925.

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